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13-01-2023 | Original Paper

Age- and Gender-Specific Prevalence of Intellectually Disabled Population in India

Auteurs: Mudit Kapoor, Mayanka Ambade, Shamika Ravi, S. V. Subramanian

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 4/2024

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Abstract

Intellectual disability in India is substantially under-reported, especially amongst females. This study quantifies the prevalence and gender bias in household reporting of intellectual disability by estimating the age-and-gender specific prevalence of the intellectually disabled by education, Socio-Demographic Index (SDI) score, place of residence, (rural/urban) and income of household head. We estimated prevalence (per 100,000) at 179 (95% CI: 173 to 185) for males and 120 (95% CI: 115 to 125) for females. Gender differences declined sharply with increased education, was higher for lower ages and low income and varied little by state development. Under-identification and under-reporting due to stigma are two plausible reasons for the gender differences in prevalence that increase with age.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Age- and Gender-Specific Prevalence of Intellectually Disabled Population in India
Auteurs
Mudit Kapoor
Mayanka Ambade
Shamika Ravi
S. V. Subramanian
Publicatiedatum
13-01-2023
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 4/2024
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-022-05849-9

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