Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Agentic orientations developed in adolescence have been linked to better health, well-being, and achievements in the years following. This study examines longitudinal parental influences on the development of adolescent children’s agentic orientations, captured by the core constructs of mastery beliefs and generalized life expectations. Drawing on multigenerational panel data from the United States (1991–2011), the study examines contemporaneous family factors, but also how parental biographies (their own transition to adulthood) and parents’ own adolescent agentic orientations influence their adolescent children. Study adolescents were 46% male, 52% white, and 15.6 years old on average. The findings indicate that parents’ early orientations and experiences in the transition to adulthood have little effect on their children’s mastery beliefs, but that parents’ generalized life expectations (in adolescence) and having married before having the child were associated with their children’s more optimistic life expectations. Contemporaneous family income and optimistic expectations among parents-as-adolescents were somewhat substitutable as positive influences on adolescents’ optimistic life expectations. The findings contribute to our understanding of intergenerational and over-time influences on these key adolescent orientations.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Adkins, D. E., & Vaisey, S. (2009). Toward a unified stratification theory: Structure, genome, and status across human societies. Sociological Theory, 27(2), 99–121. CrossRef
Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thought and action. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
Bengston, V. L., Biblarz, T. J., & Roberts, R. E. L. (2002). How families still matter: A longitudinal study of youth in two generations. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
Bowlby, J. (2008). A secure base: Parent-child attachment and healthy human development. New York: Basic books.
Duncan, G., Kalil, A., Mayer, S. E., Tepper, R., & Payne, M. R. (2005). The apple does not fall far from the tree. In S. Bowles, H. Gintis, & M. O. Groves (Eds.). Unequal chances: Family background and economic success (pp. 23–79). New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.
Finch, M. D., Shanahan, M. J., Mortimer, J. T., & Ryu, S. (1991). Work experience and control orientation in adolescence. American Sociological Review, 56, 597–611. CrossRef
Gecas, V. (2003). Self-agency and the life course. In J. T. Mortimer, & M. Shanahan (Eds.), Handbook of the life course (pp. 369–388). New York, NY: Klewer. CrossRef
Haidt, J., & Rodin, J. (1999). Control and efficacy as interdisciplinary bridges. Review of General Psychology, 3(4), 317–337. CrossRef
Hallerod, B. (2011). What do children know about their futures: Do children’s expectations predict outcomes in middle age? Social Forces, 90(1), 65–84. CrossRef
Hillmert, S. (2013). Analysing intergenerational transmissions: From social mobility to social reproduction In Gunn, Elisabeth Birkeland (Eds.), Class and stratification analysis. In Gunn, Elisabeth Birkeland, (pp. 131–157). Bradford: Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
Hitlin, S., & Elder, Jr., G. H. (2007). Agency: An empirical model of an abstract concept. In R. Macmillan (Ed.), Advances in life course research: Constructing adulthood: Agency and subjectivity in adolescence and adulthood (Vol. 11, pp. 33–67). Netherlands: Elsevier/JAI.
Hitlin, S., & Johnson, M. K. (2015). Reconceptualizing agency within the life course: The power of looking ahead. American Journal of Sociology, 120(5), 1429–1472. CrossRef
Jessor, R., Donovan, J. E., Costa, F. (Eds.) (1988). Denver health behavior questionnaire. Boulder, CO: Institute of Behavioral Science, University of Colorado.
Jessor, R., Donovan, J. E., & Costa, F. (1996). Personality, perceived life chances, and adolescent behavior. In K. Hurrelmann, & S. F. Hamilton (Eds.). Social problems and social contexts in adolescence: Perspectives across boundaries (pp. 219–233). New York, NY: Aldine de Gruyter.
Johnson, M. K., & Hitlin, S. (2017). Family (dis)advantage and life course expectations. Social Forces, 95(3), 997–1022. doi: 10.1093/sf/sow094.
Johnson, M. K., & Monserud, M. A. (2012). Work value development from adolescence to adulthood. Advances in Life Course Research, 17(2), 45–58. CrossRef
Khan, S. (2012). The sociology of elites. Annual Review of Sociology, 38, 361–377. CrossRef
Kohn, M. L., Schooler, C. (Eds.) (1983). Work and personality: An inquiry into the impact of social stratification. Norwood, N.J: Ablex Pub. Corp.
Lareau, A. (2011). Unequal childhoods: Class, race, and family life. Berkeley: Univ of California Press.
McCall, L. (2016). Political and policy responses to problems of inequality and opportunity: Past, present and future. In I. Kirsch, & H. Braun (Eds.). The dynamics of opportunity in America: Evidence and perspectives (pp. 415–442). New York, NY: Springer. CrossRef
Messer, D.J. (2016). Mastery motivation in early childhood: Development, measurement and social processes. New York: Routledge.
Mirowsky, J., & Ross, C. E. (2007). Life course trajectories of perceived control and their relationship to education. American Journal of Sociology, 112(5), 1339–1382. CrossRef
Reynolds, J. R., & Baird, C. L. (2010). Is there a downside to shooting for the stars? Unrealized educational expectations and symptoms of depression. American Sociological Review, 75(1), 151–172. CrossRef
Roberts, B. W., Kuncel, N. R., Shiner, R., Caspi, A., & Goldberg, L. R. (2007). The power of personality: The comparative validity of personality traits, socioeconomic status, and cognitive ability for predicting important life outcomes. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 2(4), 313–345. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Ross, C.E., & Mirowsky, J. (2013). The sense of personal control: Social structural causes and emotional consequences. In Carol S. Aneshensel, Jo C. Phelen, & A. Bierman (Eds.), Handbook of the Sociology of Mental Health (pp. 379–402). New York: Springer.
Scheier, M. F., Carver, C. S., & Bridges, M. W. (1994). Distinguishing optimism from neuroticism (and trait anxiety, self-mastery, and self-esteem): A reevaluation of the life orientation test. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67(6), 1063–1078. doi: 10.1037/0022-3522.214.171.1243. CrossRefPubMed
Schafer, M. H., Ferraro, K. F., & Mustillo, S. A. (2011). Children of misfortune: Early adversity and cumulative inequality in perceived life trajectories. American Journal of Sociology, 166(4), 1053–1091. CrossRef
Schulz, R., & Heckhausen, J. (1999). Aging, culture and control: Setting a new research agenda. Journal of Gerontology, 54B(3), 139–145. CrossRef
Schulz, R., Wrosch, C., & Heckhausen, J. (2003). The life span theory of control: Issues and evidence. In S. H. Zarit, L. I. Pearlin, & K. W. Schaie (Eds.), Personal control in social and life course contexts (pp. 233–262). New York, NY: Springer.
Sun, R. C. F., & Shek, D. T. L. (2012). Beliefs in the future as a positive youth development construct: A conceptual review. The Scientific World Journal, 2012, 1–8. doi: 10.1100/2012/527038.
Swisher, R. R., & Warner, T. D. (2013). If they grow up: Exploring the neighborhood context of adolescent and young adult survival expectations. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 23(4), 678–694. CrossRef
Taylor, L. C., Clayton, J. D., & Rowley, S. J. (2004). Academic socialization: Understanding parental influences on children’s school-related development in the early years. Review of General Psychology, 8(3), 163. CrossRef
Whitbeck, L. B., Simons, R. L., Conger, R. D., Wickrama, K., Ackley, K. A., & Elder, Jr, G. H. (1997). The effects of parents’ working conditions and family economic hardship on parenting behaviors and children’s self-efficacy. Social Psychology Quarterly, 60, 291–303. CrossRef
Wolinsky, F. D., Wyrwich, K. W., Kroenke, K., Babu, A. N., & Tierney, W. M. (2003). 9-11, Personal stress, mental health, and sense of control among older adults. The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 58(3), S146–S150. doi: 10.1093/geronb/58.3.S146. CrossRef
- Adolescent Agentic Orientations: Contemporaneous Family Influence, Parental Biography and Intergenerational Development
Monica Kirkpatrick Johnson
- Springer US