Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The chronic exposure to stress of living with less money than one needs affects people’s well-being. Studies show that mental un-well-being is associated with socioeconomic inequalities and that poverty-related stress is directly related to symptoms of anxiety and depression. We offered a mindfulness-based intervention (MBI) between September 2011 and September 2012 to a sample of low-income urban adults in Brussels and Antwerp, Belgium. The impact on symptoms of stress, anxiety, and depression was examined together with the effects on cognitive vulnerability processes of cognitive reactivity and overgeneralization and on the development of mindfulness skills. Results suggest that the MBI significantly reduced symptoms of stress, anxiety, and depression and cognitive reactivity and overgeneralization and significantly improved mindfulness skills. Greater improvement in mindfulness skills caused by MBIs might result in greater reduction in both symptoms and cognitive vulnerabilities. These findings provide promising evidence of the effectiveness of MBIs to promote economically disadvantaged people’s well-being. The results are consistent with previous studies that have examined the effectiveness of MBIs in other populations and show that a MBI is feasible in social welfare centers that serve low-income adults.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Beurs, E., Van Dyck, R., Marquenie, L. A., Lange, A., & Blonk, R. W. B. (2001). De DASS: een vragenlijst voor het meten van depressie, angst en stress. [The Dass: a questionnaire for the measurement of depression, anxiety and stress]. Gedragstherapie, 34, 35–53.
Carver, C. S., La Voie, L., Kuhl, J., & Ganellen, R. J. (1988). Cognitive concomitants of depression: a further examination of the roles of generalization, high standards, and self-criticism. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 7, 350–365. CrossRef
Clarke, K. R., & Gorley, R. N. (2001). PRIMER 5 for windows. Plymouth: PRIMER-E Ltd.
Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale: Erlbaum.
De Bruin, E. I., Zijlstra, B. J. H., & Bögels, S. M. (2013). The meaning of mindfulness in children and adolescents: further validation of the Child and Adolescent Mindfulness Measure (CAMM) in two independent samples from The Netherlands. Mindfulness. doi: 10.1007/s12671-013-0196-8.
Hayes, S. C., Levin, M. E., Plumb-Vilardaga, J., Villatte, J. L., & Pistorello, J. (2013). Acceptance and commitment therapy and contextual behavioral science: examining the progress of a distinctive model of behavioral and cognitive therapy. Behavior Therapy, 44(2), 180–198. PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMed
Kabat-Zinn, J. (1990). Full catastrophe living: how to cope with stress, pain and illness using mindfulness meditation. New York: Delacorte.
Kabat-Zinn, J. (1994). Wherever you go there you are: mindfulness meditation in everyday life. New York: Hyperion.
Kruskal, J. B., & Wish, M. (1978). Multidimensional scaling. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications.
Lovibond, S. H., & Lovibond, P. F. (1995). Manual for the depression anxiety stress scales (2nd ed.). Sidney: Psychology Foundation.
Oksanen, J., Blanchet, G. F., Kindt, R., Legendre, P., Minchin, P. R., O’Hara, R. B., et al. (2013). Package ‘vegan’: community ecology package (R package version 2.0-10).
Olive, M. L., & Smith, B. W. (2005). Effect size calculations and single subject designs. Educational Psychology, 25, 313–324. CrossRef
Piet, J., Wurtzen, H., & Zachariae, R. (2012). The effect of mindfulness-based therapy on symptoms of anxiety and depression in adult cancer patients and survivors: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 80(6), 1007–1020. doi: 10.1037/a0028329. CrossRefPubMed
Raes, F., Dewulf, D., Van Heeringen, C., & Williams, J. M. G. (2009). Mindfulness and reduced cognitive reactivity to sad mood: evidence from a correlational study and a non-randomized waiting list controlled study. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 47(7), 623–627. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2009.03.007. CrossRefPubMed
Raes, F., Griffith, J. W., Van der Gucht, K., & Williams, J. M. G. (2013). School-based prevention and reduction of depression in adolescents: a cluster-randomized controlled trial of a mindfulness group program. Mindfulness. doi: 10.1007/s12671-013-0202-1.
Raes, F., Griffith, J. W., Vanbrabant, K., Nelis, S., Smets, J., Craeynest, M., et al. (2014). Negative overgeneralization to the self and overgeneral autobiographical memory: independent predictors of a more severe course of depression. Manuscript submitted for publication.
Rosenzweig, S., Greeson, J. M., Reibel, D. K., Green, J. S., Jasser, S. A., & Beasley, D. (2010). Mindfulness-based stress reduction for chronic pain conditions: variation in treatment outcomes and role of home meditation practice. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 68(1), 29–36. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2009.03.010. CrossRefPubMed
Santiago, C. D., Wadsworth, M. E., & Stump, J. (2011). Socioeconomic status, neighborhood disadvantage, and poverty-related stress: prospective effects on psychological syndromes among diverse low-income families. Journal of Economic Psychology, 32(2), 218–230. doi: 10.1016/j.joep.2009.10.008. CrossRef
Segal, Z. V., Williams, J. M. G., & Teasdale, J. D. (2002). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for depression: a new approach to preventing relapse. New York: Guilford Press.
Singer, J. D., & Willett, J. B. (2003). Applied longitudinal data analysis: modeling change and event occurrence. New York: Oxford University Press. CrossRef
Team, R. D. C. (2007). R: a language and environment for statistical computing. Vienna: R Foundation for Statistical Computing.
Vago, D. R. (2014). Mapping modalities of self-awareness in mindfulness practice: a potential mechanism for clarifying habits of mind. In S. Sequeira (Ed.), Advances in meditation research: neuroscience and clinical applications vol. 1307 (pp. 28–42). Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences.
van de Leemput, I. A., Wichers, M., Cramer, A. O. J., Borsboom, D., Tuerlinckx, F., Kuppens, P., et al. (2014). Critical slowing down as early warning for the onset and termination of depression. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(1), 87–92. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1312114110. PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMed
Van der Does, W., & Williams, J. M. G. (2003). Leiden index of depression sensitivity-revised (LEIDS-R). Leiden: Leiden University.
Willemsen, J., Markey, S., Declercq, F., & Vanheule, S. (2011). Negative emotionality in a large community sample of adolescents: the factor structure and measurement invariance of the short version of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS-21). Stress and Health, 27(3), E120–E128. doi: 10.1002/smi.1342. CrossRef
- A Mindfulness-Based Intervention for Economically Disadvantaged People: Effects on Symptoms of Stress, Anxiety, and Depression and on Cognitive Reactivity and Overgeneralization
Katleen Van der Gucht
Nady Van Broeck
- Springer US