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01-08-2007 | Original Paper | Uitgave 4/2007 Open Access

Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 4/2007

A Meta-Analysis of the Distinction between Reactive and Proactive Aggression in Children and Adolescents

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology > Uitgave 4/2007
Auteurs:
Hanneke Polman, Bram Orobio de Castro, Willem Koops, Herman W. van Boxtel, Welmoet W. Merk

Abstract

The present meta-analytic review aimed to clarify divergent findings concerning the relation between reactive and proactive aggression in children and adolescents. Fifty-one studies with 17,965 participants were included in the analysis. A significant correlation between reactive and proactive aggression was found. The strength of this relation varied considerably between studies, from −.10 to .89. Observational assessment and tilt/noise tasks were associated with smaller correlations than questionnaires. Within the large group of questionnaire studies, studies disentangling the form and function of aggression found lower correlations than studies that did not disentangle form and function. Among questionnaire studies, higher reliability was associated with larger correlations. Effect size did not depend on other study characteristics such as sample type, age, and informant type. It is concluded that reactive and proactive aggression are most clearly distinguished with behavioral observations and questionnaires that unravel form and functions of aggression.

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