Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
This study examines how locational (region and locale), community-level (school district poverty and adult educational attainment), and school district-level (district size and ratios of students to key school personnel) variables are related to indicators of hostile school climate for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth. Indicators of hostile climate included frequency of homophobic remarks and victimization regarding sexual orientation and gender expression. We used data from a national survey of LGBT secondary school students (N = 5,420; 57.6% female; 65.5% White; mean age = 15.9). Results from regression analyses demonstrated that LGBT youth in rural communities and communities with lower adult educational attainment may face particularly hostile school climates. School district characteristics contributed little to the variation in LGBT youth’s experiences. Findings highlight the importance of considering the multiple contexts that LGBT youth inhabit, particularly as they pertain to educational experiences.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Bochenek, M., & Brown, A. W. (2001). Hatred in the hallways: Violence and discrimination against lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender students in US schools. New York: Human Rights Watch.
Dinkes, R., Cataldi, E. F., & Lin-Kelly, W. (2007). Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2007 (No. NCES 2008021). Washington, DC: National Center for Educational Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, US Department of Education.
Egan, P., & Sherrill, K. (2005, February). Neither an in-law nor an outlaw be: Trends in Americans’ attitudes toward gay people. Public Opinion Pros. Retrieved August 18, 2008 from http://www.publicopinionpros.com/features/2005/feb/sherrill_egan.asp.
Fineran, S. (2001). Peer sexual harassment in high school. Journal of School Social Work, 11(2), 50–69.
Fontaine, J. H. (1998). Evidencing a need: School counselors’ experiences with gay and lesbian students. Professional School Counseling, 1(3), 8–14.
Greytak, E. A., Kosciw, J. G., & Fischer, S. (2007). Who wouldn’t want to make schools safer for LGBT students?: An examination of teachers’ beliefs about LGBT students and school climate. Paper presented at the American Educational Research Association Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL.
Herek, G. M. (2002). Heterosexuals’ attitudes toward bisexual men and women in the United States. Journal of Sex Research, 39(4), 264–274. PubMed
Kosciw, J. G., & Cullen, M. K. (2002). 2001 National School Climate Survey: The experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth in our nation’s schools. New York: Gay, Lesbian, and Straight Education Network.
Kosciw, J. G., & Diaz, E. M. (2006). The 2005 National School Climate Survey: The experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth in our nation’s schools. New York: Gay, Lesbian and Straight Education Network. Retrieved August 18, 2008 from http://www.glsen.org.
Kosciw, J. G., Diaz, E. M., & Greytak, E. A. (2008). The 2007 National School Climate Survey: The experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth in our nation’s school. New York: Gay, Lesbian and Straight Education Network.
McCready, L. (2001). When fitting in isn’t an option, or, why Black queer males at a California high school stay away from Project 10. In K. Kumashiro (Ed.), Troubling intersections of race and sexuality (pp. 37–53). Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
Nansel, T. R., Overpeck, M., Pilla, R. S., Ruan, W. J., Simons-Morton, B., & Scheidt, P. (2001). Bullying behaviors among US youth: Prevalence and association with psychosocial adjustment. Journal of the American Medical Association, 285(16), 2094–2100. doi: 10.1001/jama.285.16.2094. PubMedCrossRef
Ohlander, J., Batalova, J., & Treas, J. (2005). Explaining educational influences on attitudes toward homosexual relations. Social Science Research, 34(4), 781–799.
Russell, S. T., McGuire, J. K., Laub, C., Manke, E., O’Shaughnessy, M., Heck, K., & Calhoun, C. (2006). Harassment in school based on actual or perceived sexual orientation: Prevalence and consequences. California Research Brief No. 2. San Francisco, CA: California Safe Schools Coalition. Retrieved August 18, 2008 from http://www.casafeschools.org.
Smyser, M., & Reis, E. (2002). Bullying and bias-based harassment in King County middles schools. Public Health Data Watch, 5(2), 1–15.
Snively, C. A. (2004). Building community-based alliances between GLBTQQA youth and adults in rural settings. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services, 16(3/4), 99–112.
Sullivan, M. (2003). Homophobia, history, and homosexuality: Trends for sexual minorities. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 8(2/3), 1–14.
Ueno, K. (2005). Sexual orientation and psychological distress in adolescence: Examining interpersonal stressors and social support processes. Social Psychology Quarterly, 68(3), 258–277. CrossRef
United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. (2000). Common Core of Data: School District Demographics, 2000 [Data file]. Available from National Center for Education Statistics web site, http://nces.ed.gov/ccd/bat/. Retrieved August 18, 2008.
United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. (2006). Common Core of Data: Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey, 2005-06 [Data file]. Washington, DC: US Department of Education. Available from National Center for Education Statistics web site, http://nces.ed.gov/ccd/index.asp. Retrieved August 18, 2008.
Woronoff, R., Estrada, R., & Sommer, S. (2006). Out of the margins: A report on regional listening forums highlighting the experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning youth in care (No. ERIC: ED492067). New York, NY/Washington, DC: Child Welfare League of America & Lambda Legal Defense & Education Fund.
- Who, What, Where, When, and Why: Demographic and Ecological Factors Contributing to Hostile School Climate for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Youth
Joseph G. Kosciw
Emily A. Greytak
Elizabeth M. Diaz
- Springer US