Skip to main content
Top
Gepubliceerd in:

26-05-2021

Theory of Mind as a Mechanism That Accounts for the Continuity or Discontinuity of Behavioral Inhibition: A Developmentally Informed Model of Risk for Social Anxiety

Auteurs: Danming An, Grazyna Kochanska

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 10/2021

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Research has established that children with high levels of early behavioral inhibition (BI) – a subdued, timid, fearful response to novel or mildly challenging stimuli or events – are at an elevated risk for social anxiety in later childhood and adolescence. Yet, substantial heterogeneity has been documented in those developmental trajectories; consequently, understanding factors that moderate children’s paths from early BI to social anxiety is an important goal. We proposed that the association between children’s BI at toddler age and social anxiety at early school age is (a) mediated by their BI at preschool age, and (b) moderated by the level of social understanding, or Theory of Mind (ToM). In 102 typically developing community children, we observed BI in the laboratory at age 2 and 4.5 in “Risk Room” paradigms and assessed ToM at age 4.5 and 5.5 using false belief tasks. Mothers and fathers rated children’s social anxiety symptoms at age 6.5. We supported the proposed moderated mediation model, with the path from BI at age 2 to BI at age 4.5 to social anxiety at age 6.5 unfolding only for children whose ToM abilities were relatively low, but not for those whose ToM abilities were relatively high. Results also supported a curvilinear relation between ToM and social anxiety, which highlights the risk of elevated social anxiety for children with extremely low ToM abilities. Taken together, proficiency in mindreading may help inhibited children navigate social environments and thus reduce risks for social anxiety.
Bijlagen
Alleen toegankelijk voor geautoriseerde gebruikers
Literatuur
go back to reference Aiken, L. S., & West, S. G. (1991). Multiple regression: Testing and interpreting interactions. Sage. Aiken, L. S., & West, S. G. (1991). Multiple regression: Testing and interpreting interactions. Sage.
go back to reference Boyce, W. T., Essex, M. J., Woodward, H. R., Measelle, J. R., Ablow, J. C., Kupfer, D. J., & MacArthur Assessment Battery Working Group. (2002). The confluence of mental, physical, social, and academic difficulties in middle childhood. I. Exploring the “headwaters” of early life morbidities. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 41(5), 580–587. https://doi.org/10.1097/00004583-200205000-00016CrossRef Boyce, W. T., Essex, M. J., Woodward, H. R., Measelle, J. R., Ablow, J. C., Kupfer, D. J., & MacArthur Assessment Battery Working Group. (2002). The confluence of mental, physical, social, and academic difficulties in middle childhood. I. Exploring the “headwaters” of early life morbidities. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 41(5), 580–587. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1097/​00004583-200205000-00016CrossRef
go back to reference Buzzell, G. A., Troller-Renfree, S. V., Barker, T. V., Bowman, L. C., Chronis-Tuscano, A., Henderson, H. A., & Fox, N. A. (2017). A neurobehavioral mechanism linking behaviorally inhibited temperament and later adolescent social anxiety. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 56(12), 1097–1105. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2017.10.007CrossRef Buzzell, G. A., Troller-Renfree, S. V., Barker, T. V., Bowman, L. C., Chronis-Tuscano, A., Henderson, H. A., & Fox, N. A. (2017). A neurobehavioral mechanism linking behaviorally inhibited temperament and later adolescent social anxiety. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 56(12), 1097–1105. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1016/​j.​jaac.​2017.​10.​007CrossRef
go back to reference Essex, M. J., Boyce, W. T., Goldstein, L. H., Armstrong, J. M., Kraemer, H. C., Kupfer, D. J., & MacArthur Assessment Battery Working Group. (2002). The confluence of mental, physical, social, and academic difficulties in middle childhood. II. Developing the MacArthur Health and Behavior Questionnaire. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 41(5), 588–603. https://doi.org/10.1097/00004583-200205000-00017CrossRef Essex, M. J., Boyce, W. T., Goldstein, L. H., Armstrong, J. M., Kraemer, H. C., Kupfer, D. J., & MacArthur Assessment Battery Working Group. (2002). The confluence of mental, physical, social, and academic difficulties in middle childhood. II. Developing the MacArthur Health and Behavior Questionnaire. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 41(5), 588–603. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1097/​00004583-200205000-00017CrossRef
go back to reference Hayes, A. F. (2017). Introduction to mediation, moderation, and conditional process analysis (2nd ed.). The Guilford Press. Hayes, A. F. (2017). Introduction to mediation, moderation, and conditional process analysis (2nd ed.). The Guilford Press.
go back to reference Gadow, K. D., & Sprafkin, J. N. (2002). Child Symptom Inventory 4: Screening and norms manual. Checkmate Plus. Gadow, K. D., & Sprafkin, J. N. (2002). Child Symptom Inventory 4: Screening and norms manual. Checkmate Plus.
go back to reference Kagan, J. (2018). The history and theory of behavioral inhibition. In K. Pérez-Edgar & N. A. Fox (Eds.), Behavioral inhibition (pp. 1–15). Springer. Kagan, J. (2018). The history and theory of behavioral inhibition. In K. Pérez-Edgar & N. A. Fox (Eds.), Behavioral inhibition (pp. 1–15). Springer.
go back to reference Kagan, J. & Fox, N. (2006). Biology, culture, and temperamental biases. In W. Damon & R. Lerner (Series Eds.), & N. Eisenberg (Vol. Ed.), Handbook of child psychology, Vol. 3. Social, emotional, and personality development (6th ed., pp. 167–225). New York, NY: Wiley. Kagan, J. & Fox, N. (2006). Biology, culture, and temperamental biases. In W. Damon & R. Lerner (Series Eds.), & N. Eisenberg (Vol. Ed.), Handbook of child psychology, Vol. 3. Social, emotional, and personality development (6th ed., pp. 167–225). New York, NY: Wiley.
go back to reference Kagan, J., & Snidman, N. (2004). The long shadow of temperament. Belknap Press/Harvard University Press. Kagan, J., & Snidman, N. (2004). The long shadow of temperament. Belknap Press/Harvard University Press.
go back to reference Lane, J. D., Wellman, H. M., Olson, S. L., Miller, A. L., Wang, L., & Tardif, T. (2013). Relations between temperament and theory of mind development in the United States and China: biological and behavioral correlates of preschoolers’ false-belief understanding. Developmental Psychology, 49(5), 825–836. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0028825CrossRefPubMed Lane, J. D., Wellman, H. M., Olson, S. L., Miller, A. L., Wang, L., & Tardif, T. (2013). Relations between temperament and theory of mind development in the United States and China: biological and behavioral correlates of preschoolers’ false-belief understanding. Developmental Psychology, 49(5), 825–836. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1037/​a0028825CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (1998–2020). Mplus user’s guide. Los Angeles, CA: Author. Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (1998–2020). Mplus user’s guide. Los Angeles, CA: Author.
go back to reference Nikolić, M., Majdandžić, M., Colonnesi, C., de Vente, W., Möller, E., & Bögels, S. (2020). The unique contribution of blushing to the development of social anxiety disorder symptoms: results from a longitudinal study. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 61(12), 1339–1348. https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.13221CrossRefPubMed Nikolić, M., Majdandžić, M., Colonnesi, C., de Vente, W., Möller, E., & Bögels, S. (2020). The unique contribution of blushing to the development of social anxiety disorder symptoms: results from a longitudinal study. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 61(12), 1339–1348. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1111/​jcpp.​13221CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Pearcey, S., Gordon, K., Chakrabarti, B., Dodd, H., Halldorsson, B., & Creswell, C. (2020). Research Review: The relationship between social anxiety and social cognition in children and adolescents: a systematic review and meta‐analysis. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.13310 Pearcey, S., Gordon, K., Chakrabarti, B., Dodd, H., Halldorsson, B., & Creswell, C. (2020). Research Review: The relationship between social anxiety and social cognition in children and adolescents: a systematic review and meta‐analysis. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. Advance online publication. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1111/​jcpp.​13310
go back to reference Pérez-Edgar, K., Taber-Thomas, B., Auday, E., & Morales, S. (2014). Temperament and attention as core mechanisms in the early emergence of anxiety. In K. Lagattuta (Ed.), Children and Emotion: New Insights into Developmental Affective Science (Vol. 26, pp. 42–56). Karger.CrossRef Pérez-Edgar, K., Taber-Thomas, B., Auday, E., & Morales, S. (2014). Temperament and attention as core mechanisms in the early emergence of anxiety. In K. Lagattuta (Ed.), Children and Emotion: New Insights into Developmental Affective Science (Vol. 26, pp. 42–56). Karger.CrossRef
go back to reference Poole, K. L., Tang, A., & Schmidt, L. A. (2018). The temperamentally shy child as the social adult: An exemplar of multifinality. In K. Pérez-Edgar & N. A. Fox (Eds.), Behavioral Inhibition: Integrating theory, research, and clinical perspectives. Cham, Switzerland: Springer. Poole, K. L., Tang, A., & Schmidt, L. A. (2018). The temperamentally shy child as the social adult: An exemplar of multifinality. In K. Pérez-Edgar & N. A. Fox (Eds.), Behavioral Inhibition: Integrating theory, research, and clinical perspectives. Cham, Switzerland: Springer.
go back to reference Reznick, J. S., Gibbons, J. L., Johnson, M. O., & McDonough, P. M. (1989). Behavioral inhibition in a normative sample. In J. S. Reznick (Ed.), Perspectives on behavioral inhibition (pp. 25–49). University of Chicago Press. Reznick, J. S., Gibbons, J. L., Johnson, M. O., & McDonough, P. M. (1989). Behavioral inhibition in a normative sample. In J. S. Reznick (Ed.), Perspectives on behavioral inhibition (pp. 25–49). University of Chicago Press.
go back to reference Rothbart, M. K., & Bates, J. E. (2006). Temperament. In W. Damon & R. Lerner (Series Eds.), & N. Eisenberg (Vol. Ed.), Handbook of child psychology, Vol. 3. Social, emotional, and personality development (6th ed., pp. 99–166). New York: Wiley. Rothbart, M. K., & Bates, J. E. (2006). Temperament. In W. Damon & R. Lerner (Series Eds.), & N. Eisenberg (Vol. Ed.), Handbook of child psychology, Vol. 3. Social, emotional, and personality development (6th ed., pp. 99–166). New York: Wiley.
go back to reference Thomas, A., & Chess, S. (1977). Temperament and development. Brunner/Mazel. Thomas, A., & Chess, S. (1977). Temperament and development. Brunner/Mazel.
go back to reference Troller-Renfree, S. V., Buzzell, G. A., Bowers, M. E., Salo, V. C., Forman-Alberti, A., Smith, E., & Fox, N. A. (2019). Development of inhibitory control during childhood and its relations to early temperament and later social anxiety: unique insights provided by latent growth modeling and signal detection theory. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 60(6), 622–629. https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.13025CrossRefPubMed Troller-Renfree, S. V., Buzzell, G. A., Bowers, M. E., Salo, V. C., Forman-Alberti, A., Smith, E., & Fox, N. A. (2019). Development of inhibitory control during childhood and its relations to early temperament and later social anxiety: unique insights provided by latent growth modeling and signal detection theory. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 60(6), 622–629. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1111/​jcpp.​13025CrossRefPubMed
Metagegevens
Titel
Theory of Mind as a Mechanism That Accounts for the Continuity or Discontinuity of Behavioral Inhibition: A Developmentally Informed Model of Risk for Social Anxiety
Auteurs
Danming An
Grazyna Kochanska
Publicatiedatum
26-05-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 10/2021
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-021-00831-y

Andere artikelen Uitgave 10/2021

Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology 10/2021 Naar de uitgave