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06-03-2024 | Empirical Research

The Social Inequality of Music: University Students from a Higher Social Class Are More Likely to Build Relationships and Feel Happiness Through Music

Auteurs: Junfeng Liu, Shen-Long Yang, Ting-Ting Rao

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 5/2024

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Abstract

The relationship between young people’s music use and well-being has gained extensive interest in recent years. The relationship-building function of music is one of its most important functions. While many studies have documented the positive effects of this function, there is a lack of research discussing this topic from the perspective of social stratification. This study sampled 691(63.8% male, M age = 19.43, SD = 1.42) Chinese university students to examine the social class differences among university students in acquiring well-being through the relationship-building function of music. The results revealed that university students from a higher social class are more likely to acquire well-being through the relationship-building function of music. In addition, interdependent self-construal plays a moderating role in the mediating model. The mediating effect was only significant when university students have a higher level of interdependent self-construal. These results indicated social class differences among university students in the building of relationships with music, underscoring the need for future research and interventions to address social inequality in the context of music’s functions.
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1
Following previous suggestions (Becker et al., 2016), hypothesis tests were also conducted without including covariates. The results were generally consistent with the current findings, providing support for all hypotheses. In addition, mediating models and moderated mediating models were also analyzed with objective or subjective class as independent variables and life satisfaction as dependent variables (see appendix E-I for detailed graphs and tabular results).
 
2
In addition to the current hypothesized moderated mediating effect model, an alternate model analysis was conducted (using PROCESS macro, model 15) to test whether interdependent self-construal moderates the mediating model based on its moderating effect on the relationship between the relationship-building function of music and well-being. The results showed that the moderating effect of interdependent self-construal between social class and well-being (p = 0.06), as well as between the relationship-building of music and well-being (p = 0.98), are both not significant. (see appendix J for detailed tabular results). The alternative model analysis further demonstrated the robustness of the current results of this study.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
The Social Inequality of Music: University Students from a Higher Social Class Are More Likely to Build Relationships and Feel Happiness Through Music
Auteurs
Junfeng Liu
Shen-Long Yang
Ting-Ting Rao
Publicatiedatum
06-03-2024
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 5/2024
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-024-01960-5

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