Skip to main content
Top
Gepubliceerd in: Kind en adolescent 2/2007

01-06-2007 | Artikelen

Surfen, chatten en internaliserende problemen

De rol van kwaliteit van vriendschap

Auteurs: Maarten H. W. Selfhout, Susan J. T. Branje, Marc J. M. H. Delsing, Tom F. M. ter Bogt, Wim H. J. Meeus

Gepubliceerd in: Kind en adolescent | Uitgave 2/2007

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Samenvatting

In dit onderzoek zijn bij 307 adolescenten (gemiddelde leeftijd 15 jaar) de longitudinale effecten van internetgebruik op internaliserend probleemgedrag onderzocht. Daarbij is onderscheid gemaakt tussen internetgebruik gericht op communicatie (‘chatten’) en internetgebruik niet gericht op communicatie (‘surfen’). Tevens is de modererende rol van de kwaliteit van de beste vriendschap in de effecten van internetgebruik op probleemgedrag onderzocht. De resultaten geven aan dat voor adolescenten met een lage kwaliteit van vriendschap langer chatten minder internaliserende problemen voorspelt, terwijl in die groep langer surfen juist meer internaliserende problemen voorspelt. De resultaten leveren ondersteuning voor de associatie tussen eerder internetgebruik en latere toenemende of afnemende internaliserende problemen, maar kunnen niet automatisch geïnterpreteerd worden in termen van causale verbanden tussen internetgebruik en latere internaliserende problemen.
Literatuur
go back to reference Amichai-Hamburger, Y., & Ben-Artzi, E. (2003). Loneliness and internet use. Computers in Human Behavior, 19, 71-80. CrossRef Amichai-Hamburger, Y., & Ben-Artzi, E. (2003). Loneliness and internet use. Computers in Human Behavior, 19, 71-80. CrossRef
go back to reference Arbuckle, J. L. (1997). Amos user’ guide version 3.6. usa: Smallwaters Corporation. Arbuckle, J. L. (1997). Amos user’ guide version 3.6. usa: Smallwaters Corporation.
go back to reference Campbell, A. J., Cumming, S. R., & Hughes, I. (2006). Internet use by the socially fearful: Addiction or therapy? CyberPsychology and Behavior, 9, 69-81. CrossRefPubMed Campbell, A. J., Cumming, S. R., & Hughes, I. (2006). Internet use by the socially fearful: Addiction or therapy? CyberPsychology and Behavior, 9, 69-81. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Caplan, S. E. (2003). Preference for online social interaction: A theory of problematic internet use and psychosocial well-being. Communication Research, 30, 625-648. CrossRef Caplan, S. E. (2003). Preference for online social interaction: A theory of problematic internet use and psychosocial well-being. Communication Research, 30, 625-648. CrossRef
go back to reference Cooper, N. S. (2006). The identification of psychological and social correlates of internet use in children and teenagers. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering, 66. Cooper, N. S. (2006). The identification of psychological and social correlates of internet use in children and teenagers. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering, 66.
go back to reference Gross, E. F., Juvonen, J., & Gable, S. L. (2002). Internet use and well-being in adolescence. Journal of Social Issues, 58, 75-90. CrossRef Gross, E. F., Juvonen, J., & Gable, S. L. (2002). Internet use and well-being in adolescence. Journal of Social Issues, 58, 75-90. CrossRef
go back to reference Hale, W. W., III, Raaijmakers, Q., Muris, P., & Meeus, W. (2005). Psychometric properties of the Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders ( scared) in the general adolescent population. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 44, 283-290. CrossRefPubMed Hale, W. W., III, Raaijmakers, Q., Muris, P., & Meeus, W. (2005). Psychometric properties of the Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders ( scared) in the general adolescent population. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 44, 283-290. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Hamburger, Y. A., & Ben-Artzi, E. (2000). The relationship between extraversion and neuroticism and the different uses of the internet. Computers in Human Behavior, 16, 441-449. CrossRef Hamburger, Y. A., & Ben-Artzi, E. (2000). The relationship between extraversion and neuroticism and the different uses of the internet. Computers in Human Behavior, 16, 441-449. CrossRef
go back to reference Hampton, K., & Wellman, B. (2001). Long distance community in the network society. American Behavioral Science, 45, 476-495. CrossRef Hampton, K., & Wellman, B. (2001). Long distance community in the network society. American Behavioral Science, 45, 476-495. CrossRef
go back to reference Kline, R. B. (1998). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling. London: The Guilford Press. Kline, R. B. (1998). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling. London: The Guilford Press.
go back to reference Kovacs, M. (1992). Children’s depression inventory, cdi manual. North Tonawanda, ny: Multi-Health Systems. Kovacs, M. (1992). Children’s depression inventory, cdi manual. North Tonawanda, ny: Multi-Health Systems.
go back to reference Kraut, R., Kiesler, S., Boneva, B., Cummings, J. N., Helgeson, V., & Crawford, A. M. (2002). Internet paradox revisited. Journal of Social Issues, 58, 49-74. CrossRef Kraut, R., Kiesler, S., Boneva, B., Cummings, J. N., Helgeson, V., & Crawford, A. M. (2002). Internet paradox revisited. Journal of Social Issues, 58, 49-74. CrossRef
go back to reference Kraut, R., Patterson, M., Lundmark, V., Kiesler, S., Mukophadhyay, T., & Scherlis, W. (1998). Internet paradox: A social technology that reduces social involvement and psychological well-being? American Psychologist, 53, 1017-1031. CrossRefPubMed Kraut, R., Patterson, M., Lundmark, V., Kiesler, S., Mukophadhyay, T., & Scherlis, W. (1998). Internet paradox: A social technology that reduces social involvement and psychological well-being? American Psychologist, 53, 1017-1031. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference LaRose, R., Eastin, M. S., & Gregg, J. (2001). Reformulating the internet paradox: Social cognitive explanations of internet use and depression. Journal of Online Behavior, 1, 1-19. CrossRef LaRose, R., Eastin, M. S., & Gregg, J. (2001). Reformulating the internet paradox: Social cognitive explanations of internet use and depression. Journal of Online Behavior, 1, 1-19. CrossRef
go back to reference McKenna, K. Y. A., & Bargh, J. A. (1999). Causes and consequences of social interaction on the internet: A conceptual framework. Media Psychology, 1, 249-269. CrossRef McKenna, K. Y. A., & Bargh, J. A. (1999). Causes and consequences of social interaction on the internet: A conceptual framework. Media Psychology, 1, 249-269. CrossRef
go back to reference Meeus, W., Akse, J., Branje, S., Ter Bogt, T., Engels, R., Finkenauer, C. en anderen. (2004). Codebook conamore : Conflicts and management of relationships. Unpublished manuscript. Utrecht: Utrecht University, Faculty of Social Sciences. Meeus, W., Akse, J., Branje, S., Ter Bogt, T., Engels, R., Finkenauer, C. en anderen. (2004). Codebook conamore : Conflicts and management of relationships. Unpublished manuscript. Utrecht: Utrecht University, Faculty of Social Sciences.
go back to reference Morgan, C., & Cotten, S. R. (2003). The relationship between internet activities and depressive symptoms in a sample of college freshmen. CyberPsychology and Behavior, 6, 133-142. CrossRefPubMed Morgan, C., & Cotten, S. R. (2003). The relationship between internet activities and depressive symptoms in a sample of college freshmen. CyberPsychology and Behavior, 6, 133-142. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Muris, P., & Steerneman, P. (2001). The revised version of the Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders ( scared-r): First evidence for its reliability and validity in a clinical sample. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 40, 35-44. CrossRefPubMed Muris, P., & Steerneman, P. (2001). The revised version of the Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders ( scared-r): First evidence for its reliability and validity in a clinical sample. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 40, 35-44. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Nie, N. H., & Erbring, L. (2000). Internet and society: A preliminary report. Stanford, ca: Stanford Inst. of Quant. Study Soc. Nie, N. H., & Erbring, L. (2000). Internet and society: A preliminary report. Stanford, ca: Stanford Inst. of Quant. Study Soc.
go back to reference Peter, J., Valkenburg, P. M., & Schouten, A. P. (2005). Developing a model of adolescent friendship formation on the internet. CyberPsychology and Behavior, 8, 423-430. CrossRefPubMed Peter, J., Valkenburg, P. M., & Schouten, A. P. (2005). Developing a model of adolescent friendship formation on the internet. CyberPsychology and Behavior, 8, 423-430. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Rusbult, C. E., Martz, J. M., & Agnew, C. R. (1998). The investment model scale: Measuring commitment level, satisfaction level, quality of alternatives, and investment size. Personal-Relationships, 5, 357-391. CrossRef Rusbult, C. E., Martz, J. M., & Agnew, C. R. (1998). The investment model scale: Measuring commitment level, satisfaction level, quality of alternatives, and investment size. Personal-Relationships, 5, 357-391. CrossRef
go back to reference Sikkema, P. (2005). Jongeren 2005. Amsterdam: Audax Publishing/Media B.V. Sikkema, P. (2005). Jongeren 2005. Amsterdam: Audax Publishing/Media B.V.
go back to reference Subrahmanyam, K., Greenfield, P., Kraut, R., & Gross, E. (2001). The impact of computer use on children’s and adolescents’ development. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 22, 7-30. CrossRef Subrahmanyam, K., Greenfield, P., Kraut, R., & Gross, E. (2001). The impact of computer use on children’s and adolescents’ development. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 22, 7-30. CrossRef
go back to reference Subrahmanyam, K., Smahel, D., & Greenfield, P. (2006). Connecting developmental constructions to the internet: Identity presentation and sexual exploration in online teen chat rooms. Developmental Psychology, 42, 395-406. CrossRefPubMed Subrahmanyam, K., Smahel, D., & Greenfield, P. (2006). Connecting developmental constructions to the internet: Identity presentation and sexual exploration in online teen chat rooms. Developmental Psychology, 42, 395-406. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Walther, J. B. (1996). Computer-mediated communication: Impersonal, interpersonal, and hyperpersonal interaction. Communication Research, 23, 3-43. CrossRef Walther, J. B. (1996). Computer-mediated communication: Impersonal, interpersonal, and hyperpersonal interaction. Communication Research, 23, 3-43. CrossRef
go back to reference Weiser, E. B. (2001). The functions of internet use and their social and psychological consequences. CyberPsychology and Behavior, 4, 723-743. CrossRefPubMed Weiser, E. B. (2001). The functions of internet use and their social and psychological consequences. CyberPsychology and Behavior, 4, 723-743. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Wellman, B., Quan-Haase, A., Witte, J., & Hampton, K. (2001). Does the internet increase, decrease, or supplement social capital? Social networks, participation, and community commitment. American Behavioral Scientist, 45, 436-455. CrossRef Wellman, B., Quan-Haase, A., Witte, J., & Hampton, K. (2001). Does the internet increase, decrease, or supplement social capital? Social networks, participation, and community commitment. American Behavioral Scientist, 45, 436-455. CrossRef
go back to reference Whitlock, J. L., Powers, J. L., & Eckenrode, J. (2006). The virtual cutting edge: The internet and adolescent self-injury. Developmental Psychology, 42, 407-417. CrossRefPubMed Whitlock, J. L., Powers, J. L., & Eckenrode, J. (2006). The virtual cutting edge: The internet and adolescent self-injury. Developmental Psychology, 42, 407-417. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Wolak, J., Mitchell, K. J., & Finkelhor, D. (2003). Escaping or connecting? Characteristics of youth who form close online relationships. Journal of Adolescence, 26, 105-119. CrossRefPubMed Wolak, J., Mitchell, K. J., & Finkelhor, D. (2003). Escaping or connecting? Characteristics of youth who form close online relationships. Journal of Adolescence, 26, 105-119. CrossRefPubMed
Metagegevens
Titel
Surfen, chatten en internaliserende problemen
De rol van kwaliteit van vriendschap
Auteurs
Maarten H. W. Selfhout
Susan J. T. Branje
Marc J. M. H. Delsing
Tom F. M. ter Bogt
Wim H. J. Meeus
Publicatiedatum
01-06-2007
Uitgeverij
Bohn Stafleu van Loghum
Gepubliceerd in
Kind en adolescent / Uitgave 2/2007
Print ISSN: 0167-2436
Elektronisch ISSN: 1876-5998
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03061016

Andere artikelen Uitgave 2/2007

Kind en adolescent 2/2007 Naar de uitgave

Redactioneel

Waarom?!