Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Obsessive–compulsive (OC) symptoms are often associated with cognitive biases and can cause significant distress and impairment in daily functioning. In this study, we examine whether threat to moral self-perceptions can trigger cognitive biases linked with obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD). Participants were 124 non-clinical adults randomized to four conditions (negative-morality, negative-sports, positive-morality, and positive-sports) of the Subtle Priming Computerized Task. To examine the influence of subtle priming of morality-related information on OCD-related cognitive biases, participants completed the Obsessive Beliefs Questionnaire-20 (OBQ-20). Participants also completed the obsessive–compulsive inventory-revised, the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale and the Single-Item Self-Esteem Scale as baseline measures. Results revealed that subtle suggestions of incompetence in the morality self-domain were associated with stronger activation of OCD-related cognitive biases as measured by the OBQ-20. These effects were specific to negative information about the morality self-domain. Findings were not related to pre-existing variations in OC symptom levels, self-esteem, stress, anxiety, or depression. We suggest that self-sensitivities in the morality self-domain may be linked with the activation of cognitive biases related to OCD. Future research should explore these self-sensitivities in a clinical sample to further substantiate this phenomenon.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Aardema, F., & O’Connor, K. (2007). The menace within: Obsessions and the self. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy, 21(3), 182–197. CrossRef
Abramowitz, J. S., Huppert, J. D., Cohen, A. B., Tolin, D. F., & Cahill, S. P. (2002). Religious obsessions and compulsions in a non-clinical sample: The Penn Inventory of Scrupulosity (PIOS). Behaviour Research and Therapy, 40(7), 824–838. CrossRef
Clark, D. A., & Purdon, C. (1993). New perspectives for a cognitive theory of obsessions. Australian Psychologist, 28(3), 161–167. CrossRef
Doron, G., & Moulding, R. (2009). Cognitive behavioral treatment of obsessive compulsive disorder: a broader framework. The Israel Journal of Psychiatry and Related Sciences, 46(4), 257–263. PubMed
Doron, G., Moulding, R., Kyrios, M., Nedeljkovic, M., & Mikulincer, M. (2009). Adult attachment insecurities are related to obsessive compulsive phenomena. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 28(8), 1022–1049. CrossRef
Doron, G., Sar-El, D., Mikulincer, M., & Kyrios, M. (2012b). When moral concerns become a psychological disorder: The case of obsessive-compulsive disorder. In M. Mikulincer & P. R. Shaver (Eds.), The social psychology of morality: Exploring the causes of good and evil (pp. 293–310). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. CrossRef
Ferrier, S. & Brewin, C. R. (2005). Feared identity and obsessive–compulsive disorder. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 43(10), 1363–1374.
Frost, R. O., & Steketee, G. (2002). Cognitive approaches to obsessions and compulsions: Theory, assessment, and treatment. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Pergamom/Elsevier Science.
Harrison, B. J., Pujol, J., Soriano-Mas, C., Hernandez-Ribas, R., Lopez-Sola, M., Ortiz, H., et al. (2012). Neural correlates of moral sensitivity in obsessive–compulsive disorder. JAMA Psychiatry, 69(7), 741–749.
Haslam, N., Williams, B. J., Kyrios, M., McKay, D., & Taylor, S. (2005). Subtyping obsessive–compulsive disorder: A taxometric analysis. Behavior Therapy, 36(4), 381–391. CrossRef
OCCWG. (1997). Cognitive assessment of obsessive-compulsive disorder. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 35(7), 667–681. CrossRef
OCCWG. (2003). Psychometric validation of the Obsessive Beliefs Questionnaire and the interpretation of intrusions inventory: Part I. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 41(48), 863–878.
Purdon, C. (2001). Appraisal of obsessional thought recurrences: Impact on anxiety and mood state. Behavior Therapy, 32(1), 47–64. CrossRef
Purdon, C., & Clark, D. A. (1999). Metacognition and obsessions. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 6(2), 102–110. CrossRef
Rachman, S. (1998). A cognitive theory of obsessions. In: E.E. Sanavio (ed.), Behavior and cognitive therapy today: Essays in honor of Hans J. Eysenck (pp. 209–222). Oxford England: Elsevier Science Ltd.
Robins, R. W., Hendin, H. M., & Trzesniewski, K. H. (2001). Measuring global self-esteem: Construct validation of a single-item measure and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 27(2), 151–161. CrossRef
Salkovskis, P. M., & Warwick, H. M. (1985). Cognitive therapy of obsessive-compulsive disorder: Treating treatment failures. Behavioural Psychotherapy, 13(3), 243–255. CrossRef
Shafran, R., Watkins, E., & Charman, T. (1996). Guilt in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 10(6), 509–516. CrossRef
Steketee, G. (2005). Psychometric validation of the obsessive belief questionnaire and interpretation of intrusions inventory-Part 2: Factor analyses and testing of a brief version. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 43(11), 1527–1542. CrossRef
van Oppen, P., & Emmelkamp, P. M. G. (2000). Issues in cognitive treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder. In W. K. Goodman, M. V. Rudorfer, & J. D. Maser (Eds.), Obsessive-compulsive disorder: Contemporary issues in treatment (pp. 117–132). Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
Whittal, M. L., & McLean, P. D. (1999). CBT for OCD: The rationale, protocol, and challenges. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 6(4), 383–396. CrossRef
- Subtle Threats to Moral Self-Perceptions Trigger Obsessive–Compulsive Related Cognitions
- Springer US