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01-03-2011

Smoking habits and health-related quality of life in a rural Japanese population

Auteurs: Koichi Funahashi, Ippei Takahashi, Kazuma Danjo, Masashi Matsuzaka, Takashi Umeda, Shigeyuki Nakaji

Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research | Uitgave 2/2011

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Abstract

Purpose

To investigate the association between smoking and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in a rural Japanese population.

Methods

A cross-sectional study of data from 823 subjects in Iwaki area of Hirosaki City, Japan. SF-36 scores between non-smokers and smokers were compared. To test the sensitivity of SF-36 scores in detecting health deterioration, effects of having diseases and having deviations from normal thresholds in health check-up were analyzed by adding them into covariates in ANCOVA.

Results

There was no significant difference in SF-36 scores between non-smokers and smokers. Presence of diseases significantly decreased the physical components of SF-36 scores while the results of health check-up had no significant influence on SF-36 scores.

Conclusions

The results suggested the possibility that in Japan, where smoking prevalence is still relatively high, smokers may be less sensitive to sub-clinical deterioration in their own health status than smokers in Western countries that already have experienced the major decline in their smoking rate. The importance of having the smoker become more sensitive to the sub-clinical adverse effects of cigarette smoking should be stressed for the success of smoking control programs.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Smoking habits and health-related quality of life in a rural Japanese population
Auteurs
Koichi Funahashi
Ippei Takahashi
Kazuma Danjo
Masashi Matsuzaka
Takashi Umeda
Shigeyuki Nakaji
Publicatiedatum
01-03-2011
Uitgeverij
Springer Netherlands
Gepubliceerd in
Quality of Life Research / Uitgave 2/2011
Print ISSN: 0962-9343
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2649
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-010-9748-8

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