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03-09-2019 | ORIGINAL PAPER

Self-Compassion and Suicide Risk in Veterans: When the Going Gets Tough, Do the Tough Benefit More from Self-Compassion?

Auteurs: Jessica Kelliher Rabon, Jameson K. Hirsch, Andrea R. Kaniuka, Fuschia Sirois, Byron D. Brooks, Kristin Neff

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 12/2019

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Abstract

Objectives

Veterans are at particular risk for suicide due to psychopathological, emotional, and interpersonal risk factors. However, the presence of individual-level protective factors, such as self-compassion, may reduce risk, becoming more salient at increasing levels of distress and psychopathology, per theory. We examined the relation between self-compassion and suicide risk, and the moderating effects of depression, PTSD symptoms, anger, shame, and thwarted interpersonal needs.

Methods

Our sample of US veterans (n = 541) in our cross-sectional study were mostly male (69.1%) with an average age of 49.90 (SD = 16.78), who completed online self-report measures: Suicidal Behaviors Questionnaire-Revised, Multidimensional Health Profile-Psychosocial Functioning Screening Tool, PTSD Checklist-Military Version, Differential Emotions Scale-IV, and the Interpersonal Needs Questionnaire.

Results

The linkage between self-compassion and suicidal behavior in our veteran sample was moderated by distress-evoking risk factors, including depression, anger, shame, and thwarted interpersonal needs, such that, as level of risk severity increases, the inverse association between self-compassion and suicidal behavior is strengthened.

Conclusions

Our findings highlight an emergent protective process that may prevent suicide in times of distress. Therapeutically bolstering the ability for self-compassion may provide a proactive coping strategy that can be brought to bear in times of crisis, reducing suicide risk for veterans.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Self-Compassion and Suicide Risk in Veterans: When the Going Gets Tough, Do the Tough Benefit More from Self-Compassion?
Auteurs
Jessica Kelliher Rabon
Jameson K. Hirsch
Andrea R. Kaniuka
Fuschia Sirois
Byron D. Brooks
Kristin Neff
Publicatiedatum
03-09-2019
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 12/2019
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-019-01221-8

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