Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The purpose of this study was to determine whether pro-bullying attitudes are capable of mediating the low empathy–bullying relationship in the absence of a significant unmediated correlation between low empathy and bullying behavior. Using three waves of self-report data from 1371 (677 boys, 694 girls) pre-adolescent/early adolescent members of the Illinois Study of Bullying and Sexual Violence (ISBSV), the mediating effect of pro-bullying attitudes on the low empathy–bullying connection was examined. A path analysis revealed that pro-bullying attitudes successfully mediated the pathway running from low empathy to bully perpetration even though the unmediated relationship between low empathy and bullying perpetration was non-significant. A control or comparison pathway running from bully perpetration to pro-bullying attitudes to low empathy was also tested and found to be non-significant. It would appear that low empathy contributes to bullying perpetration by stimulating pro-bullying attitudes which, in turn, promote bullying perpetration. The theoretical, research, and practical implications of these results are discussed.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Allison, P. D. (2012). Handling missing data by maximum likelihood. SAS Global Forum 2012 (Paper 312–2012). Cary: SAS Institute.
Arthur, M. W., Hawkins, J. D., Pollard, J. A., Catalano, R. F., & Baglioni, A. J. (2002). Measuring risk and protective factors for substance use, delinquency, and other adolescent problem behaviors: the communities that care youth survey. Evaluation Review, 26, 573–601. https://doi.org/10.1177/019384102237850.
Bandura, A. (1973). Aggression: a social learning analysis. Oxford: Prentice-Hall.
Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thought and action: a social cognitive theory. Englewood Cliff: Prentice-Hall.
Baron, R. M., & Kenny, D. A. (1986). The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51, 1173–1182. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-35184.108.40.2063. CrossRefPubMed
Bosworth, K., & Espelage, D. (1995). Teen conflict survey. Bloomington: Center for Adolescent Studies, Indiana University.
Cappadocia, M. C., Pepler, D., Cummings, J. G., & Craig, W. (2012). Individual motivations and characteristics associated with bystander intervention during bullying episodes among children and youth. Canadian Journal of School Psychology, 27, 210–216. https://doi.org/10.1177/0829573512450567. CrossRef
Cole, D. A., & Maxwell, S. E. (2003). Testing mediational models with longitudinal data: questions and tips in the use of structural equation modeling. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 112, 558–577. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-843X.112.4.558. CrossRefPubMed
Elwert, F., & Winship, C. (2014). Endogenous selection bias: the problem of conditioning on a collider variable. Annual Review of Sociology, 40, 31–53. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-soc-071913-043455. CrossRef
Endresen, I. M., & Olweus, D. (2001). Self-reported empathy in Norwegian adolescents: sex differences, age trends, and relationship to bullying. In A. C. Bohart, C. Arthur, & D. J. Stipek (Eds.), Constructive and destructive behavior (pp. 147–165). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Espelage, D. L., & Low, S. (2013). Understanding and preventing adolescent bullying, sexual violence, and dating violence. In E. M. Vera (Ed.), The Oxford handbook of prevention in counseling psychology (pp. 163–183). New York: Oxford University Press.
Espelage, D. L., Low, S. K., Anderson, C., & De La Rue, L. (2014). Bullying, sexual, and dating violence trajectories from early to late adolescence. Report submitted to the National Institute of Justice Grant #2011-MU-FX-0022.
Espelage, D. L., Hong, J. S., Merrin, G. J., Davis, J. P., Rose, C. A., & Little, T. D. (2017). A longitudinal examination of homophobic name-calling in middle school: bullying, traditional masculinity, and sexual harassment as predictors. Psychology of Violence. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1037/vio0000083.
Gini, G., Pozzoli, T., & Bussey, K. (2014). Collective moral disengagement: initial validation of a scale for adolescents. European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 11, 386–395. https://doi.org/10.1080/17405629.2013.851024. CrossRef
Golmaryami, F. N., Frick, P. J., Hemphill, S. A., Kahn, R. E., Crapanzano, A. M., & Terranova, A. M. (2016). The social, behavioral, and emotional correlates of bullying and victimization in a school-based sample. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 44, 381–391. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-015-9994-x. CrossRefPubMed
Greenland, S. (2003). Quantifying biases in causal models: classical confounding versus collider-stratification bias. Epidemiology, 14, 300–306. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.EDE.0000042804.12056.6C. PubMed
Hayes, A. F. (2013). Introduction to mediation, moderation, and conditional process analysis: a regression-based approach. New York: Guilford.
Huesmann, L. R. (Ed.). (1994). Aggressive behavior: current perspectives. New York: Springer.
James, L. R., & Brett, J. M. (1984). Mediators, moderators, and tests for mediation. Journal of Applied Psychology, 69, 307–321. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.69.2.307. CrossRef
Jansen, P. W., Zwirs, B., Verlinden, M., Mieloo, C. L., Jaddoe, V. W. V., et al. (2017). Observed and parent-reported conscience in childhood: relations with bullying involvement in early primary school. Social Development. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1111/sode.12233.
Kaukiainen, A., Bjorkvist, K., Lagerspetz, K., Osterman, K., Salmivalli, C., et al. (1999). The relationships between social intelligence, empathy, and three types of aggression. Aggressive Behavior, 25, 81–89. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1098-2337(1999)25:2%3C81::AID-AB1%3E3.0.CO;2-M. CrossRef
Kenny, D. A. (2013). Mediation: sensitivity analysis [webinar]. Retrieved from http://davidakenny.net/webinars/Mediation/Sensitivity/Sensitivity.html.
MacKinnon, D. P., Kisbu-Sakarya, Y., & Gottschall, A. C. (2013). Developments in mediation analysis. In T. D. Little (Ed.), The Oxford handbook of quantitative methods (Vol. 2, pp. 338–360). New York: Oxford University Press.
McMahon, S. D., Wernsman, J., & Parnes, A. I. (2006). Understanding prosocial behavior: The impact of empathy and gender among African American adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 31, 135–137. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2005.10.008.
Mitsopoulou, E., & Giovazolias, T. (2015). Personality traits, empathy and bullying behavior: a meta-analytic approach. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 21, 61–72. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.avb.2015.01.007. CrossRef
Muthén, B., & Muthén, L. (1998–2007). Mplus user’s guide (5th ed.). Los Angeles: Muthén and Muthén.
Palmieri, V. G., Borer, K., Janos, S., Da Via, C., & Casagrande, L. (1998). Evidence for charge collection efficiency recovery in heavily irradiated silicon detectors operated at cryogenic temperatures. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, 413(2–3), 475–478. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0168-9002(98)00673-1. CrossRef
Peyre, H., Leplége, A., & Coste, J. (2011). Missing data methods for dealing with missing items in quality of life questionnaires: a comparison by simulation of personal mean score, full information maximum likelihood, multiple imputation, and hot deck techniques applied to the SF-36 in the French 2003 decennial health survey. Quality of Life Research, 20, 287–300. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-010-9740-3. CrossRefPubMed
Preacher, K. J. (2015). Advances in mediation analysis: a survey and synthesis of new developments. Annual Review of Psychology, 66, 825–852. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010814-015258. CrossRefPubMed
Rucker, D. D., Preacher, K. J., Tormala, Z. L., & Petty, R. E. (2011). Mediation analysis in social psychology: current practices and new recommendations. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 5, 359–371. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-9004.2011.00355.x. CrossRef
Schultze-Krumbholz, A., & Scheithauer, H. (2013). Is cyberbullying related to lack of empathy and social-emotional problems? International Journal of Developmental Science, 7, 161–166. https://doi.org/10.3233/DEV-130124.
Stavrinides, P., Georgiou, S., & Theofanous, V. (2010). Bullying and empathy: a short-term longitudinal investigation. Educational Psychology, 30, 793–802. https://doi.org/10.1080/01443410.2010.506004. CrossRef
Stoddard, S. A., Varela, J. J., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2015). Future expectations, attitude toward violence, and bullying perpetration during early adolescence: a mediation evaluation. Nursing Research, 64, 422–433. https://doi.org/10.1097/NNR.0000000000000127. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Walters, G. D. (2017). P M effect size estimation for mediation analysis: a cautionary note, alternate strategy, and real data illustration. International Journal of Social Research Methodology. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1080/13645579.2017.1305710.
Williford, A., Boulton, A. J., Forrest-Bank, S. S., Bender, K. A., Dietrich, W. A., & Jenson, J. M. (2016). The effect of bullying and victimization on cognitive empathy development during the transition to middle school. Child & Youth Care Forum, 45, 525–541. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10566-015-9343-9. CrossRef
Young, R., & Johnson, D. R. (2013). Methods for handling missing secondary respondent data. Journal of Marriage and Family, 75, 221–234. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-3737.2012.01021.x. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
- Resurrecting the Empathy–Bullying Relationship with a Pro-Bullying Attitudes Mediator: the Lazarus Effect in Mediation Research
Glenn D. Walters
Dorothy L. Espelage
- Springer US
- Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
An official publication of the International Society for Research in Child and Adolescent Psychopathology
Print ISSN: 0091-0627
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2835