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13-09-2017 | Original Paper | Uitgave 1/2018 Open Access

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 1/2018

Resting-State Neurophysiological Activity Patterns in Young People with ASD, ADHD, and ASD + ADHD

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders > Uitgave 1/2018
Auteurs:
Elizabeth Shephard, Charlotte Tye, Karen L. Ashwood, Bahar Azadi, Philip Asherson, Patrick F. Bolton, Grainne McLoughlin
Belangrijke opmerkingen
Elizabeth Shephard and Charlotte Tye are Joint first authors.

Abstract

Altered power of resting-state neurophysiological activity has been associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), which commonly co-occur. We compared resting-state neurophysiological power in children with ASD, ADHD, co-occurring ASD + ADHD, and typically developing controls. Children with ASD (ASD/ASD + ADHD) showed reduced theta and alpha power compared to children without ASD (controls/ADHD). Children with ADHD (ADHD/ASD + ADHD) displayed decreased delta power compared to children without ADHD (ASD/controls). Children with ASD + ADHD largely presented as an additive co-occurrence with deficits of both disorders, although reduced theta compared to ADHD-only and reduced delta compared to controls suggested some unique markers. Identifying specific neurophysiological profiles in ASD and ADHD may assist in characterising more homogeneous subgroups to inform treatment approaches and aetiological investigations.

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