Skip to main content
Top
Gepubliceerd in:

01-02-2010

Relations Among Perceived Control Over Anxiety-Related Events, Worry, and Generalized Anxiety Disorder in a Sample of Adolescents

Auteurs: Jamie L. Frala, Ellen W. Leen-Feldner, Heidemarie Blumenthal, Carolina C. Barreto

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 2/2010

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

This study examined the associations among perceived control over anxiety-related events, worry, and both symptoms and diagnoses of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). The sample was comprised of 140 adolescents (60 girls) between the ages of 10 and 17 years (M age  = 14.6 years; SD = 2.25) recruited from the general community. Findings were consistent with hypotheses. Self-reported perceived control over anxiety-related events related negatively to worry as well as symptoms and diagnoses of GAD even after accounting for variance associated with age, gender, and negative affectivity. Results are discussed in terms of the theoretical implications that perceived control over anxiety-related events may have for understanding GAD symptomatology among youth.
Voetnoten
1
Regression analyses were also conducted excluding individuals with GAD; the pattern and magnitude of the results was unchanged.
 
Literatuur
go back to reference Abel, J. L., & Borkovec, T. D. (1995). Generalizability of DSM-III-R generalized anxiety disorder to proposed DSM-IV criteria and cross validation of proposed changes. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 9, 303–315.CrossRef Abel, J. L., & Borkovec, T. D. (1995). Generalizability of DSM-III-R generalized anxiety disorder to proposed DSM-IV criteria and cross validation of proposed changes. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 9, 303–315.CrossRef
go back to reference Alloy, L. B., Kelly, K. A., Mineka, S., & Clements, C. M. (1990). Comorbidity of anxiety and depressive disorders: a helplessness-hopelessness perspective. In J. D. Maser & R. C. Cloninger (Eds.), Comorbidity of mood and anxiety disorders (pp. 499–543). Washington: American Psychiatric Association. Alloy, L. B., Kelly, K. A., Mineka, S., & Clements, C. M. (1990). Comorbidity of anxiety and depressive disorders: a helplessness-hopelessness perspective. In J. D. Maser & R. C. Cloninger (Eds.), Comorbidity of mood and anxiety disorders (pp. 499–543). Washington: American Psychiatric Association.
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington: Author. American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington: Author.
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed. Text Revision). Washington: Author. American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed. Text Revision). Washington: Author.
go back to reference Arnett, J. J. (2004). Emerging adulthood: The winding road from the late teens through twenties. New York: Oxford University Press. Arnett, J. J. (2004). Emerging adulthood: The winding road from the late teens through twenties. New York: Oxford University Press.
go back to reference Ballash, N., Leyfer, O., Buckley, A. F., & Woodruff-Borden, J. (2006). Parental control in the etiology of anxiety. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 9, 113–133.CrossRefPubMed Ballash, N., Leyfer, O., Buckley, A. F., & Woodruff-Borden, J. (2006). Parental control in the etiology of anxiety. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 9, 113–133.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Bandura, A. (1977). Self-efficacy: toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. Psychological Review, 84, 191–215.CrossRefPubMed Bandura, A. (1977). Self-efficacy: toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. Psychological Review, 84, 191–215.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Bandura, A. (1982). Self-efficacy mechanism in human agency. American Psychologist, 37, 122–147.CrossRef Bandura, A. (1982). Self-efficacy mechanism in human agency. American Psychologist, 37, 122–147.CrossRef
go back to reference Barahmand, U. (2008). Age and gender differences in adolescent worry. Personality and Individual Differences, 45, 778–783.CrossRef Barahmand, U. (2008). Age and gender differences in adolescent worry. Personality and Individual Differences, 45, 778–783.CrossRef
go back to reference Barlow, D. H. (2002). Anxiety and its disorders: The nature and treatment of anxiety and panic (2nd ed.). New York: Guilford. Barlow, D. H. (2002). Anxiety and its disorders: The nature and treatment of anxiety and panic (2nd ed.). New York: Guilford.
go back to reference Beck, A. T., & Emery, G. (1985). Anxiety disorders and phobias: A cognitive perspective. New York: Basic Books. Beck, A. T., & Emery, G. (1985). Anxiety disorders and phobias: A cognitive perspective. New York: Basic Books.
go back to reference Bonetti, D., & Johnston, M. (2008). Perceived control predicting the recovery of individual-specific walking behaviours following stroke: testing psychological models and constructs. British Journal of Health Psychology, 13, 463–478.CrossRefPubMed Bonetti, D., & Johnston, M. (2008). Perceived control predicting the recovery of individual-specific walking behaviours following stroke: testing psychological models and constructs. British Journal of Health Psychology, 13, 463–478.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Brown, A. M., & Whiteside, S. P. (2008). Relations among perceived parental rearing behaviors, attachment style, and worry in anxious children. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 22, 263–272.CrossRefPubMed Brown, A. M., & Whiteside, S. P. (2008). Relations among perceived parental rearing behaviors, attachment style, and worry in anxious children. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 22, 263–272.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Brown, T. A., Chorpita, B. F., & Barlow, D. H. (1998). Structural relationships among dimensions of the DSM-IV anxiety and mood disorders and dimensions of negative affect, positive affect, and autonomic arousal. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 107, 179–192.CrossRefPubMed Brown, T. A., Chorpita, B. F., & Barlow, D. H. (1998). Structural relationships among dimensions of the DSM-IV anxiety and mood disorders and dimensions of negative affect, positive affect, and autonomic arousal. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 107, 179–192.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Case, R. (1987). The structure and process of intellectual development. International Journal of Psychology, 22, 571–607.CrossRef Case, R. (1987). The structure and process of intellectual development. International Journal of Psychology, 22, 571–607.CrossRef
go back to reference Chorpita, B. F. (2001). Control and the development of negative emotions. In M. W. Vasey & M. R. Dadds (Eds.), The developmental psychopathology of anxiety (pp. 112–142). New York: Oxford University Press. Chorpita, B. F. (2001). Control and the development of negative emotions. In M. W. Vasey & M. R. Dadds (Eds.), The developmental psychopathology of anxiety (pp. 112–142). New York: Oxford University Press.
go back to reference Chorpita, B. F., & Barlow, D. H. (1998). The development of anxiety: the role of control in the early environment. Psychological Bulletin, 124, 3–21.CrossRefPubMed Chorpita, B. F., & Barlow, D. H. (1998). The development of anxiety: the role of control in the early environment. Psychological Bulletin, 124, 3–21.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Chorpita, B. F., Tracey, S. A., Brown, T. A., Colica, T. J., & Barlow, D. H. (1997). Assessment of worry in children and adolescents: an adaptation of the Penn State worry questionnaire. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 35, 569–581.CrossRefPubMed Chorpita, B. F., Tracey, S. A., Brown, T. A., Colica, T. J., & Barlow, D. H. (1997). Assessment of worry in children and adolescents: an adaptation of the Penn State worry questionnaire. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 35, 569–581.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Chorpita, B. F., Brown, T. A., & Barlow, D. H. (1998). Perceived control as a mediator of family environment in etiological models of childhood anxiety. Behavior Therapy, 29, 457–476.CrossRef Chorpita, B. F., Brown, T. A., & Barlow, D. H. (1998). Perceived control as a mediator of family environment in etiological models of childhood anxiety. Behavior Therapy, 29, 457–476.CrossRef
go back to reference Chorpita, B. F., Yim, L., Moffitt, C., Umemoto, L. A., & Francis, S. E. (2000). Assessment of symptoms of DSM-IV anxiety and depression in children: a revised child anxiety and depression scale. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 38, 835–855.CrossRefPubMed Chorpita, B. F., Yim, L., Moffitt, C., Umemoto, L. A., & Francis, S. E. (2000). Assessment of symptoms of DSM-IV anxiety and depression in children: a revised child anxiety and depression scale. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 38, 835–855.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Chorpita, B. F., Moffitt, C. E., & Gray, J. (2005). Psychometric properties of the revised child anxiety and depression scale in a clinical sample. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 43, 309–322.CrossRefPubMed Chorpita, B. F., Moffitt, C. E., & Gray, J. (2005). Psychometric properties of the revised child anxiety and depression scale in a clinical sample. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 43, 309–322.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Cicchetti, D., & Rogosch, F. (2002). A developmental psychopathology perspective on adolescence. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 70, 6–20.CrossRefPubMed Cicchetti, D., & Rogosch, F. (2002). A developmental psychopathology perspective on adolescence. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 70, 6–20.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Clark, L. A., Watson, D., & Mineka, S. (1994). Temperament, personality and the mood and anxiety disorders. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 103, 103–116.CrossRefPubMed Clark, L. A., Watson, D., & Mineka, S. (1994). Temperament, personality and the mood and anxiety disorders. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 103, 103–116.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioural sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale: Erlbaum. Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioural sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale: Erlbaum.
go back to reference Coles, M. E., Turk, C. L., & Heimberg, R. G. (2007). Memory bias for threat in generalized anxiety disorder: the potential importance of stimulus relevance. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, 36, 65–73.CrossRefPubMed Coles, M. E., Turk, C. L., & Heimberg, R. G. (2007). Memory bias for threat in generalized anxiety disorder: the potential importance of stimulus relevance. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, 36, 65–73.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Craske, M. G. (1999). Anxiety disorders: Psychological approaches to theory and treatment. Boulder: Westview. Craske, M. G. (1999). Anxiety disorders: Psychological approaches to theory and treatment. Boulder: Westview.
go back to reference Craske, M. G., & Hazlett-Stevens, H. (2002). Facilitating symptom reduction and behavior change in GAD: the issue of control. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 9, 69–75.CrossRef Craske, M. G., & Hazlett-Stevens, H. (2002). Facilitating symptom reduction and behavior change in GAD: the issue of control. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 9, 69–75.CrossRef
go back to reference Craske, M. G., Rapee, R. M., Jackel, L., & Barlow, D. H. (1989). Qualitative dimensions of worry in DSM-IIR generalized anxiety disorder subjects and nonanxious controls. Behavior Research and Therapy, 27, 397–402.CrossRef Craske, M. G., Rapee, R. M., Jackel, L., & Barlow, D. H. (1989). Qualitative dimensions of worry in DSM-IIR generalized anxiety disorder subjects and nonanxious controls. Behavior Research and Therapy, 27, 397–402.CrossRef
go back to reference Davey, G. C. L. (1994). Pathological worrying as exacerbated problem solving. In G. C. L. Davey & F. Tallis (Eds.), Worrying: perspectives on theory, assessment and treatment (pp. 35–59). Chichester: Wiley. Davey, G. C. L. (1994). Pathological worrying as exacerbated problem solving. In G. C. L. Davey & F. Tallis (Eds.), Worrying: perspectives on theory, assessment and treatment (pp. 35–59). Chichester: Wiley.
go back to reference Davey, G. C. L., Tallis, F., & Capuzzo, N. (1996). Beliefs about the consequences of worrying. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 20, 499–520.CrossRef Davey, G. C. L., Tallis, F., & Capuzzo, N. (1996). Beliefs about the consequences of worrying. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 20, 499–520.CrossRef
go back to reference Feldman, S., & Elliot, G. (Eds.) (1990). At the threshold: The developing adolescent. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. Feldman, S., & Elliot, G. (Eds.) (1990). At the threshold: The developing adolescent. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
go back to reference Feldner, M. T., & Hekmat, H. (2001). Perceived control over anxiety-related events as a predictor of pain behaviors in a cold pressor task. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 32, 191–202.CrossRefPubMed Feldner, M. T., & Hekmat, H. (2001). Perceived control over anxiety-related events as a predictor of pain behaviors in a cold pressor task. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 32, 191–202.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Fisher, K. M. (1985). Elaboration of cognitive knowledge of biology from childhood to adulthood. Journal of General Psychology, 112, 389–397. Fisher, K. M. (1985). Elaboration of cognitive knowledge of biology from childhood to adulthood. Journal of General Psychology, 112, 389–397.
go back to reference Friedman, B. H., Thayer, J. F., & Borkovec, T. D. (2000). Explicit memory bias for threat words in generalized anxiety disorder. Behavior Therapy, 31, 745–756.CrossRef Friedman, B. H., Thayer, J. F., & Borkovec, T. D. (2000). Explicit memory bias for threat words in generalized anxiety disorder. Behavior Therapy, 31, 745–756.CrossRef
go back to reference Gallagher, M., & Miller, R. (1998). Gender and age differences in the concerns of adolescents in Northern Ireland. Adolescence, 33, 863–876.PubMed Gallagher, M., & Miller, R. (1998). Gender and age differences in the concerns of adolescents in Northern Ireland. Adolescence, 33, 863–876.PubMed
go back to reference Ginsburg, G. S., Lambert, S., & Drake, K. (2004). Attributions of control, anxiety sensitivity, and panic symptoms among adolescents. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 28, 745–763.CrossRef Ginsburg, G. S., Lambert, S., & Drake, K. (2004). Attributions of control, anxiety sensitivity, and panic symptoms among adolescents. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 28, 745–763.CrossRef
go back to reference Golomobok, S., & Fivush, R. (1994). Gender development. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Golomobok, S., & Fivush, R. (1994). Gender development. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
go back to reference Gosselin, P., Langlois, F., Freeston, M. H., Ladouceur, R., Laberge, M., & Lemay, D. (2007). Cognitive variables related to worry among adolescents: avoidance strategies and faulty beliefs about worry. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 45, 225–233.CrossRefPubMed Gosselin, P., Langlois, F., Freeston, M. H., Ladouceur, R., Laberge, M., & Lemay, D. (2007). Cognitive variables related to worry among adolescents: avoidance strategies and faulty beliefs about worry. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 45, 225–233.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Hale, W. W., III, Engels, R., & Meeus, W. (2006). Adolescent’s perceptions of parenting behaviours and its relationship to adolescent generalized anxiety disorder symptoms. Journal of Adolescence, 29, 407–417.CrossRefPubMed Hale, W. W., III, Engels, R., & Meeus, W. (2006). Adolescent’s perceptions of parenting behaviours and its relationship to adolescent generalized anxiety disorder symptoms. Journal of Adolescence, 29, 407–417.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Hayward, C. (Ed.) (2003). Gender differences at puberty. New York: Cambridge University Press. Hayward, C. (Ed.) (2003). Gender differences at puberty. New York: Cambridge University Press.
go back to reference Hazlett-Stevens, H., & Borkovec, T. D. (2004). Interpretive cues and ambiguity in generalized anxiety disorder. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 42, 881–892.CrossRefPubMed Hazlett-Stevens, H., & Borkovec, T. D. (2004). Interpretive cues and ambiguity in generalized anxiety disorder. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 42, 881–892.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Helgeson, V. S. (1992). Moderators of the relation between perceived control and adjustment to chronic illness. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 63, 656–666.CrossRefPubMed Helgeson, V. S. (1992). Moderators of the relation between perceived control and adjustment to chronic illness. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 63, 656–666.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Hofmann, S. G. (2005). Perception of control over anxiety mediates the relationship between catastrophic thinking and social anxiety in social phobia. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 43, 885–895.CrossRefPubMed Hofmann, S. G. (2005). Perception of control over anxiety mediates the relationship between catastrophic thinking and social anxiety in social phobia. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 43, 885–895.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Hogendoorn, S. M., Wolters, L. H., Vervoort, L., Prins, P. J. M., Boer, F., & Haan, E. D. (2008). An indirect and direct measures of anxiety-related perceived control in children: the implicit association procedure (IAP) and anxiety control questionnaire for children (ACQ-C). Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 39, 436–450.CrossRefPubMed Hogendoorn, S. M., Wolters, L. H., Vervoort, L., Prins, P. J. M., Boer, F., & Haan, E. D. (2008). An indirect and direct measures of anxiety-related perceived control in children: the implicit association procedure (IAP) and anxiety control questionnaire for children (ACQ-C). Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 39, 436–450.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Jacques, H. A. K., & Mash, E. J. (2004). A test of the tripartite model of anxiety and depression in elementary and high school boys and girls. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 32, 13–25.CrossRefPubMed Jacques, H. A. K., & Mash, E. J. (2004). A test of the tripartite model of anxiety and depression in elementary and high school boys and girls. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 32, 13–25.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Joiner, T. E., Catanzaro, S. J., & Laurent, J. (1996). Tripartite structure of positive and negative affect, depression, and anxiety in child and adolescent psychiatric inpatients. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 105, 401–409.CrossRefPubMed Joiner, T. E., Catanzaro, S. J., & Laurent, J. (1996). Tripartite structure of positive and negative affect, depression, and anxiety in child and adolescent psychiatric inpatients. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 105, 401–409.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Kraemer, H. C., Stice, E., Kazdin, A., Offord, D., & Kupfer, D. (2001). How do risk factors work together? Mediators, moderators, and independent, overlapping, and proxy risk factors. American Journal of Psychiatry, 158, 848–856.PubMed Kraemer, H. C., Stice, E., Kazdin, A., Offord, D., & Kupfer, D. (2001). How do risk factors work together? Mediators, moderators, and independent, overlapping, and proxy risk factors. American Journal of Psychiatry, 158, 848–856.PubMed
go back to reference Landon, T. M., Ehrenreich, J. T., & Pincus, D. B. (2007). Self-efficacy: a comparison between clinically anxious and non-referred youth. Child Psychiatry & Human Development, 38, 31–45.CrossRef Landon, T. M., Ehrenreich, J. T., & Pincus, D. B. (2007). Self-efficacy: a comparison between clinically anxious and non-referred youth. Child Psychiatry & Human Development, 38, 31–45.CrossRef
go back to reference Lang, A. J., & McNiel, D. E. (2006). Use of the anxiety control questionnaire in psychiatric inpatients. Depression and Anxiety, 23, 107–112.CrossRefPubMed Lang, A. J., & McNiel, D. E. (2006). Use of the anxiety control questionnaire in psychiatric inpatients. Depression and Anxiety, 23, 107–112.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Larson, R. W., Richards, M. H., Moneta, G., Holmbeck, G., & Duckett, E. (1996). Changes in adolescents’ daily interactions with their families from ages 10 to 18: disengagement and transformation. Developmental Psychology, 32, 744–754.CrossRef Larson, R. W., Richards, M. H., Moneta, G., Holmbeck, G., & Duckett, E. (1996). Changes in adolescents’ daily interactions with their families from ages 10 to 18: disengagement and transformation. Developmental Psychology, 32, 744–754.CrossRef
go back to reference Laurent, J., Catanzaro, S. J., Salvatore, J., & Joiner, T. E. (2004). Development and preliminary validation of the physiological hyperarousal scale for children. Psychological Assessment, 16, 373–380.CrossRefPubMed Laurent, J., Catanzaro, S. J., Salvatore, J., & Joiner, T. E. (2004). Development and preliminary validation of the physiological hyperarousal scale for children. Psychological Assessment, 16, 373–380.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Leen-Feldner, E. W., Feldner, M. T., Tull, M. T., Roemer, L., & Zvolensky, M. J. (2006). An examination of worry in relation to anxious responding to voluntary hyperventilation among adolescents. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 44, 1803–1809.CrossRefPubMed Leen-Feldner, E. W., Feldner, M. T., Tull, M. T., Roemer, L., & Zvolensky, M. J. (2006). An examination of worry in relation to anxious responding to voluntary hyperventilation among adolescents. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 44, 1803–1809.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Leen-Feldner, E. W., Blumenthal, H., Babson, K., Bunaciu, L., & Feldner, M. T. (2008). Parenting-related childhood learning history and panic vulnerability: a test using a laboratory-based biological challenge procedure. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 46, 1009–1016.CrossRefPubMed Leen-Feldner, E. W., Blumenthal, H., Babson, K., Bunaciu, L., & Feldner, M. T. (2008). Parenting-related childhood learning history and panic vulnerability: a test using a laboratory-based biological challenge procedure. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 46, 1009–1016.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Lyonfields, J. D., Borkovec, T. D., & Thayer, J. F. (1995). Vagal tone in generalized anxiety disorder and the effects of aversive imagery and worrisome thinking. Behavior Therapy, 26, 457–466.CrossRef Lyonfields, J. D., Borkovec, T. D., & Thayer, J. F. (1995). Vagal tone in generalized anxiety disorder and the effects of aversive imagery and worrisome thinking. Behavior Therapy, 26, 457–466.CrossRef
go back to reference MacLeod, C., & Cohen, I. L. (1993). Anxiety and the interpretation of ambiguity: a text comprehension study. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 102, 238–247.CrossRefPubMed MacLeod, C., & Cohen, I. L. (1993). Anxiety and the interpretation of ambiguity: a text comprehension study. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 102, 238–247.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Magnusson, D., Stattin, H., & Allen, V. L. (1985). Biological maturation and social development: a longitudinal study of some adjustment processes from mid-adolescence to adulthood. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 14, 267–283.CrossRef Magnusson, D., Stattin, H., & Allen, V. L. (1985). Biological maturation and social development: a longitudinal study of some adjustment processes from mid-adolescence to adulthood. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 14, 267–283.CrossRef
go back to reference Mathews, A., & MacLeod, C. (1985). Selective processing of threat cues in anxiety states. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 23, 563–569.CrossRefPubMed Mathews, A., & MacLeod, C. (1985). Selective processing of threat cues in anxiety states. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 23, 563–569.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference McLaughlin, K. A., Borkovec, T. D., & Sibrava, N. J. (2007). The effects of worry and rumination on affect states and cognitive activity. Behavior Therapy, 38, 23–38.CrossRefPubMed McLaughlin, K. A., Borkovec, T. D., & Sibrava, N. J. (2007). The effects of worry and rumination on affect states and cognitive activity. Behavior Therapy, 38, 23–38.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Mennin, D. S., Heimberg, R. G., Turk, C. L., & Fresco, D. M. (2002). Applying an emotion regulation framework to integrative approaches to generalized anxiety disorder. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 9, 85–90.CrossRef Mennin, D. S., Heimberg, R. G., Turk, C. L., & Fresco, D. M. (2002). Applying an emotion regulation framework to integrative approaches to generalized anxiety disorder. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 9, 85–90.CrossRef
go back to reference Mineka, S., & Hendersen, R. W. (1985). Controllability and predictability in acquired motivation. Annual Review of Psychology, 36, 495–529.CrossRefPubMed Mineka, S., & Hendersen, R. W. (1985). Controllability and predictability in acquired motivation. Annual Review of Psychology, 36, 495–529.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Mineka, S., & Kelly, K. (1989). The relationship between anxiety, lack of control, and loss of control. In A. Steptoe & A. Appels (Eds.), Stress, personal control and health (pp. 163–191). New York: Wiley. Mineka, S., & Kelly, K. (1989). The relationship between anxiety, lack of control, and loss of control. In A. Steptoe & A. Appels (Eds.), Stress, personal control and health (pp. 163–191). New York: Wiley.
go back to reference Mineka, S., Gunnar, M., & Champoux, M. (1986). Control and early socioemotional development: infant rhesus monkeys reared in controllable versus uncontrollable environments. Child Development, 57, 1241–1256.CrossRef Mineka, S., Gunnar, M., & Champoux, M. (1986). Control and early socioemotional development: infant rhesus monkeys reared in controllable versus uncontrollable environments. Child Development, 57, 1241–1256.CrossRef
go back to reference Moulding, R., & Kyrios, M. (2006). Anxiety disorders and control related beliefs: the exemplar of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Clinical Psychology Review, 26, 573–583.CrossRefPubMed Moulding, R., & Kyrios, M. (2006). Anxiety disorders and control related beliefs: the exemplar of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Clinical Psychology Review, 26, 573–583.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Moulding, R., & Kyrios, M. (2007). Desire for control, sense of control, and obsessive-compulsive symptoms. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 31, 759–772.CrossRef Moulding, R., & Kyrios, M. (2007). Desire for control, sense of control, and obsessive-compulsive symptoms. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 31, 759–772.CrossRef
go back to reference Muris, P., Meesters, C., Merckelbach, H., & Hülsenbeck, P. (2000). Worry in children is related to perceived parental rearing and attachment. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 38, 487–497.CrossRefPubMed Muris, P., Meesters, C., Merckelbach, H., & Hülsenbeck, P. (2000). Worry in children is related to perceived parental rearing and attachment. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 38, 487–497.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Muris, P., Meesters, C., & Gobel, M. (2001). Reliability, validity, and normative data of the Penn State worry questionnaire in 8–12-yr-old-children. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 32, 63–72.CrossRefPubMed Muris, P., Meesters, C., & Gobel, M. (2001). Reliability, validity, and normative data of the Penn State worry questionnaire in 8–12-yr-old-children. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 32, 63–72.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Muris, P., Meesters, G., Schouten, E., & Hoge, E. (2004). Effects of perceived control on the relationship between perceived parental rearing behaviors and symptoms of anxiety and depression in nonclinical preadolescents. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 33, 51–58.CrossRef Muris, P., Meesters, G., Schouten, E., & Hoge, E. (2004). Effects of perceived control on the relationship between perceived parental rearing behaviors and symptoms of anxiety and depression in nonclinical preadolescents. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 33, 51–58.CrossRef
go back to reference Nisbett, R., & Ross, L. (1980). Human inference: Strategies and shortcomings of social judgment. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall. Nisbett, R., & Ross, L. (1980). Human inference: Strategies and shortcomings of social judgment. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall.
go back to reference Nolen-Hoeksema, S., Girgus, J. S., & Seligman, M. E. (1992). Predictors and consequences of childhood depressive symptoms: a 5-year longitudinal study. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 101, 405–422.CrossRefPubMed Nolen-Hoeksema, S., Girgus, J. S., & Seligman, M. E. (1992). Predictors and consequences of childhood depressive symptoms: a 5-year longitudinal study. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 101, 405–422.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Nunn, G. D. (1988). Concurrent validity between the Nowicki–Strickland locus of control scale and the state-trait anxiety inventory for children. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 48, 435–438.CrossRef Nunn, G. D. (1988). Concurrent validity between the Nowicki–Strickland locus of control scale and the state-trait anxiety inventory for children. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 48, 435–438.CrossRef
go back to reference Olatunji, B. O., Schottenbauer, M. A., Rodriguez, B. F., Glass, C. R., & Arnkoff, D. B. (2007). The structure of worry: relations between positive/negative personality characteristics and the Penn State worry questionnaire. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 21, 540–553.CrossRefPubMed Olatunji, B. O., Schottenbauer, M. A., Rodriguez, B. F., Glass, C. R., & Arnkoff, D. B. (2007). The structure of worry: relations between positive/negative personality characteristics and the Penn State worry questionnaire. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 21, 540–553.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Piaget, J. (1970). Piaget’s theory. In P. H. Mussen (Ed.), Carmichael’s manual of child psychology (Vol. 1, pp. 703–732). New York: Wiley. Piaget, J. (1970). Piaget’s theory. In P. H. Mussen (Ed.), Carmichael’s manual of child psychology (Vol. 1, pp. 703–732). New York: Wiley.
go back to reference Pomerantz, E. M., & Ruble, D. N. (1998). The role of maternal control in the development of sex differences in child self-evaluative factors. Child Development, 69, 458–478.PubMed Pomerantz, E. M., & Ruble, D. N. (1998). The role of maternal control in the development of sex differences in child self-evaluative factors. Child Development, 69, 458–478.PubMed
go back to reference Rapee, R. M., Craske, M. G., Brown, T. A., & Barlow, D. H. (1996). Measurement of perceived control over anxiety-related events. Behavior Therapy, 27, 279–293.CrossRef Rapee, R. M., Craske, M. G., Brown, T. A., & Barlow, D. H. (1996). Measurement of perceived control over anxiety-related events. Behavior Therapy, 27, 279–293.CrossRef
go back to reference Reynolds, C. R., & Richmond, B. O. (1978). What I think and feel: a revised measure of the children’s manifest anxiety scale. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 6, 280–297.CrossRef Reynolds, C. R., & Richmond, B. O. (1978). What I think and feel: a revised measure of the children’s manifest anxiety scale. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 6, 280–297.CrossRef
go back to reference Roemer, L., & Orsillo, S. M. (2005). An acceptance-based behavior therapy for generalized anxiety disorder. In S. M. Orsillo & L. Roemer (Eds.), Acceptance and mindfulness-based approaches to anxiety: Conceptualization and treatment (pp. 213–240). New York: Springer Science + Business Media.CrossRef Roemer, L., & Orsillo, S. M. (2005). An acceptance-based behavior therapy for generalized anxiety disorder. In S. M. Orsillo & L. Roemer (Eds.), Acceptance and mindfulness-based approaches to anxiety: Conceptualization and treatment (pp. 213–240). New York: Springer Science + Business Media.CrossRef
go back to reference Roemer, L., & Orsillo, S. M. (2007). An open trial of an acceptance-based behavior therapy for generalized anxiety disorder. Behavior Therapy, 38, 72–85.CrossRefPubMed Roemer, L., & Orsillo, S. M. (2007). An open trial of an acceptance-based behavior therapy for generalized anxiety disorder. Behavior Therapy, 38, 72–85.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Rotter, J. B. (1966). Generalized expectancies for internal versus external control of reinforcement. Psychological Monographs, 80. (Whole No. 609). Rotter, J. B. (1966). Generalized expectancies for internal versus external control of reinforcement. Psychological Monographs, 80. (Whole No. 609).
go back to reference Sanderson, W. C., Rapee, R. M., & Barlow, D. H. (1989). The influence of an illusion of control on panic attacks induced via the inhalation of 5.5% carbon dioxide enriched air. Archives of General Psychiatry, 46, 1047–1051. Sanderson, W. C., Rapee, R. M., & Barlow, D. H. (1989). The influence of an illusion of control on panic attacks induced via the inhalation of 5.5% carbon dioxide enriched air. Archives of General Psychiatry, 46, 1047–1051.
go back to reference Sechrest, L. (1963). Incremental validity: a recommendation. Educational & Psychological Measurement, 23, 153–158.CrossRef Sechrest, L. (1963). Incremental validity: a recommendation. Educational & Psychological Measurement, 23, 153–158.CrossRef
go back to reference Seligman, M. E. P. (1975). Helplessness: On depression, development, and death. San Francisco: Freeman. Seligman, M. E. P. (1975). Helplessness: On depression, development, and death. San Francisco: Freeman.
go back to reference Shear, K. M. (1991). The concept of uncontrollability. Psychological Inquiry, 2, 88–93.CrossRef Shear, K. M. (1991). The concept of uncontrollability. Psychological Inquiry, 2, 88–93.CrossRef
go back to reference Siegler, R. S. (1983). Five generalizations about cognitive development. American Psychologist, 38, 263–277.CrossRef Siegler, R. S. (1983). Five generalizations about cognitive development. American Psychologist, 38, 263–277.CrossRef
go back to reference Siegler, R. S. (1994). Cognitive variability: a key to understanding cognitive development. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 3, 1–5.CrossRef Siegler, R. S. (1994). Cognitive variability: a key to understanding cognitive development. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 3, 1–5.CrossRef
go back to reference Silverman, W. K., & Albano, A. M. (1996). The anxiety disorders interview schedule for DSM-IV: Child and parent versions. San Antonio: Psychological Corporation. Silverman, W. K., & Albano, A. M. (1996). The anxiety disorders interview schedule for DSM-IV: Child and parent versions. San Antonio: Psychological Corporation.
go back to reference Silverman, W. K., Saavedra, L. M., & Pina, A. A. (2001). Test-retest reliability of anxiety symptoms and diagnoses with anxiety disorders interview schedule for DSM-IV: child and parent versions. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 40, 937–944.CrossRefPubMed Silverman, W. K., Saavedra, L. M., & Pina, A. A. (2001). Test-retest reliability of anxiety symptoms and diagnoses with anxiety disorders interview schedule for DSM-IV: child and parent versions. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 40, 937–944.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference St-Yves, A., Dompierre, S., Freeston, M. H., Jacques, C., & Malo, M. (1989). Locus of control and anxiety in children from intact and maritally disrupted families. Psychological Reports, 65, 855–860.PubMed St-Yves, A., Dompierre, S., Freeston, M. H., Jacques, C., & Malo, M. (1989). Locus of control and anxiety in children from intact and maritally disrupted families. Psychological Reports, 65, 855–860.PubMed
go back to reference Taghavi, M. R., Dalgleish, T., Moradi, A. R., Neshat-Doost, H. T., & Yule, W. (2003). Selective processing of negative emotional information in children and adolescents with generalized anxiety disorder. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 42, 221–230.CrossRefPubMed Taghavi, M. R., Dalgleish, T., Moradi, A. R., Neshat-Doost, H. T., & Yule, W. (2003). Selective processing of negative emotional information in children and adolescents with generalized anxiety disorder. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 42, 221–230.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Thienemann, M., Moore, P., & Tompkins, K. (2006). A parent-only group intervention for children with anxiety disorders: pilot study. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 45, 37–46.CrossRef Thienemann, M., Moore, P., & Tompkins, K. (2006). A parent-only group intervention for children with anxiety disorders: pilot study. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 45, 37–46.CrossRef
go back to reference Thompson, S. C., Sobolew-Shubin, A., Galbraith, M. E., Schwankovsky, L., & Cruzen, D. (1993). Maintaining perceptions of control: finding perceived control in low-control circumstances. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 64, 293–304.CrossRefPubMed Thompson, S. C., Sobolew-Shubin, A., Galbraith, M. E., Schwankovsky, L., & Cruzen, D. (1993). Maintaining perceptions of control: finding perceived control in low-control circumstances. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 64, 293–304.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference U.S. Bureau of the Census. (1997). Statistical abstracts of the United States: 1997. Washington: U.S. Bureau of the Census. U.S. Bureau of the Census. (1997). Statistical abstracts of the United States: 1997. Washington: U.S. Bureau of the Census.
go back to reference Vasey, M. W., Crnic, K. A., & Carter, W. G. (1994). Worry in childhood: a developmental perspective. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 18, 529–549.CrossRef Vasey, M. W., Crnic, K. A., & Carter, W. G. (1994). Worry in childhood: a developmental perspective. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 18, 529–549.CrossRef
go back to reference Waters, A. M., Mogg, K., Bradley, B. P., & Pine, D. S. (2008). Attentional bias for emotional faces in children with generalized anxiety disorder. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 47, 435–442.CrossRef Waters, A. M., Mogg, K., Bradley, B. P., & Pine, D. S. (2008). Attentional bias for emotional faces in children with generalized anxiety disorder. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 47, 435–442.CrossRef
go back to reference Watt, M. C., Stewart, S. H., & Cox, B. J. (1998). A retrospective study of the learning history origins of anxiety sensitivity. Behaviour Research & Therapy, 36, 505–525.CrossRef Watt, M. C., Stewart, S. H., & Cox, B. J. (1998). A retrospective study of the learning history origins of anxiety sensitivity. Behaviour Research & Therapy, 36, 505–525.CrossRef
go back to reference Weems, C. F. (2006). Manual for the anxiety control questionnaire for children-short report version. Author: University of New Orleans. Weems, C. F. (2006). Manual for the anxiety control questionnaire for children-short report version. Author: University of New Orleans.
go back to reference Weems, C. F., & Silverman, W. K. (2006). An integrative model of control: implications for understanding emotion regulation and dysregulation in childhood anxiety. Journal of Affective Disorders, 91, 113–124.CrossRefPubMed Weems, C. F., & Silverman, W. K. (2006). An integrative model of control: implications for understanding emotion regulation and dysregulation in childhood anxiety. Journal of Affective Disorders, 91, 113–124.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Weems, C. F., Silverman, W. K., Rapee, R. M., & Pina, A. A. (2003). The role of control in childhood anxiety disorders. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 27, 557–568.CrossRef Weems, C. F., Silverman, W. K., Rapee, R. M., & Pina, A. A. (2003). The role of control in childhood anxiety disorders. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 27, 557–568.CrossRef
go back to reference Weems, C. F., Costa, N. M., Watts, S. E., Taylor, L. K., & Cannon, M. F. (2007). Cognitive errors, anxiety sensitivity, and anxiety control beliefs: their unique and specific association with childhood anxiety symptoms. Behavior Modification, 31, 174–201.CrossRefPubMed Weems, C. F., Costa, N. M., Watts, S. E., Taylor, L. K., & Cannon, M. F. (2007). Cognitive errors, anxiety sensitivity, and anxiety control beliefs: their unique and specific association with childhood anxiety symptoms. Behavior Modification, 31, 174–201.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Wood, J. J., Piacentini, J. C., Bergman, R. L., McCracken, J., & Barrios, V. (2002). Concurrent validity of the anxiety disorders section of the anxiety disorders interview schedule for DSM-IV: child and parent versions. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 31, 335–342.PubMed Wood, J. J., Piacentini, J. C., Bergman, R. L., McCracken, J., & Barrios, V. (2002). Concurrent validity of the anxiety disorders section of the anxiety disorders interview schedule for DSM-IV: child and parent versions. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 31, 335–342.PubMed
go back to reference Zvolensky, M. J., Eifert, G. H., Lejuez, C. W., & McNeil, D. W. (1999). The effects of offset control over 20% carbon-dioxide-enriched air on anxious responding. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 108, 624–632.CrossRefPubMed Zvolensky, M. J., Eifert, G. H., Lejuez, C. W., & McNeil, D. W. (1999). The effects of offset control over 20% carbon-dioxide-enriched air on anxious responding. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 108, 624–632.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Zvolensky, M. J., Lejuez, C. W., & Eifert, G. H. (2001). Offset control during recurrent 20% carbon dioxide-enriched air induction: relation to individual difference variables. Emotion, 1, 148–165.CrossRefPubMed Zvolensky, M. J., Lejuez, C. W., & Eifert, G. H. (2001). Offset control during recurrent 20% carbon dioxide-enriched air induction: relation to individual difference variables. Emotion, 1, 148–165.CrossRefPubMed
Metagegevens
Titel
Relations Among Perceived Control Over Anxiety-Related Events, Worry, and Generalized Anxiety Disorder in a Sample of Adolescents
Auteurs
Jamie L. Frala
Ellen W. Leen-Feldner
Heidemarie Blumenthal
Carolina C. Barreto
Publicatiedatum
01-02-2010
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 2/2010
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-009-9365-6

Andere artikelen Uitgave 2/2010

Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 2/2010 Naar de uitgave