Skip to main content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies 2/2015

01-02-2015 | Original Paper

Racial and Ethnic Differences in Parenting Stress: Evidence from a Statewide Sample of New Mothers

Auteurs: Yunju Nam, Nora Wikoff, Michael Sherraden

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 2/2015

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Parenting stress can have long-term effects on parents and children, but little research has been done on racial and ethnic differences. We examine parenting stress among White, Black, American Indian, and Hispanic mothers with infants younger than 9 months old. We use birth certificate data and baseline survey data from the SEED for Oklahoma Kids experiment. The study selected its sample from the birth certificates of all infants born in Oklahoma during a certain time period and oversampled three minority groups using stratified random sampling (N = 2,626). The dependent variable is a parenting stress scale created using four questions about mothers’ feelings and perceptions of parenting responsibilities. We employ ordinary least squares regressions and Blinder–Oaxaca decompositions. On average, mean parenting stress scores among Whites (2.80) and American Indians (2.92) are significantly lower than among Blacks (3.17) and Hispanics (3.44). Regressions indicate that—across all four groups—parenting stress is positively associated with maternal depression and negatively associated with social supports. Decomposition results show that different levels of social supports explain 14 to 30 % of the group differences between Whites and the three minority groups. Different levels of depression score explain a significant portion of the disparity between Whites and Blacks (19 %). If the proportion of native-born mothers among Hispanics were as high as that among Whites, about one-third of the gap in parenting stress would disappear. Findings call for interventions to reduce depression and strengthen social supports for new mothers, especially among racial and ethnic minorities.
Literatuur
go back to reference Abidin, R. R. (1992). The determinants of parenting behavior. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 21(4), 407–412. CrossRef Abidin, R. R. (1992). The determinants of parenting behavior. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 21(4), 407–412. CrossRef
go back to reference Belsky, J. (1984). The determinants of parenting: A process model. Child Development, 55(1), 83–96. PubMedCrossRef Belsky, J. (1984). The determinants of parenting: A process model. Child Development, 55(1), 83–96. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Berry, J. O., & Jones, W. H. (1995). The parental stress scale: Initial psychometric evidence. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 12(3), 463. CrossRef Berry, J. O., & Jones, W. H. (1995). The parental stress scale: Initial psychometric evidence. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 12(3), 463. CrossRef
go back to reference Blinder, A. S. (1973). Wage discrimination: Reduced form and structural estimates. Journal of Human Resources, 8(4), 436–455. CrossRef Blinder, A. S. (1973). Wage discrimination: Reduced form and structural estimates. Journal of Human Resources, 8(4), 436–455. CrossRef
go back to reference Buescher, P. A., Gizlice, Z., & Jones-Vessey, K. A. (2005). Discrepancies between published data on racial classification and self-reported race: Evidence from the 2002 North Carolina live birth records. Public Health Reports, 120(4), 393–398. PubMedCentralPubMed Buescher, P. A., Gizlice, Z., & Jones-Vessey, K. A. (2005). Discrepancies between published data on racial classification and self-reported race: Evidence from the 2002 North Carolina live birth records. Public Health Reports, 120(4), 393–398. PubMedCentralPubMed
go back to reference Cardoso, J. B., Padilla, Y. C., & Sampson, M. (2010). Racial and ethnic variation in the predictors of maternal parenting stress. Journal of Social Service Research, 36(5), 429–444. PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef Cardoso, J. B., Padilla, Y. C., & Sampson, M. (2010). Racial and ethnic variation in the predictors of maternal parenting stress. Journal of Social Service Research, 36(5), 429–444. PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Ceballo, R., & McLoyd, V. C. (2002). Social support and parenting in poor, dangerous neighborhoods. Child Development, 73(4), 1310–1321. PubMedCrossRef Ceballo, R., & McLoyd, V. C. (2002). Social support and parenting in poor, dangerous neighborhoods. Child Development, 73(4), 1310–1321. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Conger, R. D., Wallace, L. E., Sun, Y., Simons, R. L., McLoyd, V. C., & Brody, G. H. (2002). Economic pressure in African American families: A replication and extension of the family stress model. Developmental Psychology, 38(2), 179–193. PubMedCrossRef Conger, R. D., Wallace, L. E., Sun, Y., Simons, R. L., McLoyd, V. C., & Brody, G. H. (2002). Economic pressure in African American families: A replication and extension of the family stress model. Developmental Psychology, 38(2), 179–193. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Crnic, K. A., Greenberg, M. T., Robinson, N. M., & Ragozin, A. S. (1984). Maternal stress and social support: Effects on the mother-infant relationship from birth to eighteen months. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 54(2), 224–235. PubMedCrossRef Crnic, K. A., Greenberg, M. T., Robinson, N. M., & Ragozin, A. S. (1984). Maternal stress and social support: Effects on the mother-infant relationship from birth to eighteen months. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 54(2), 224–235. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Curtin, R. T., Presser, S., & Singer, E. (2005). Changes in telephone survey nonresponse over the past quarter century. Public Opinion Quarterly, 69(1), 87–98. CrossRef Curtin, R. T., Presser, S., & Singer, E. (2005). Changes in telephone survey nonresponse over the past quarter century. Public Opinion Quarterly, 69(1), 87–98. CrossRef
go back to reference Cutrona, C. E., Russell, D. W., Abraham, W. T., Gardner, K. A., Melby, J. N., Bryant, C., et al. (2003). Neighborhood context and financial strain as predictors of marital interaction and marital quality in African American couples. Personal Relationships, 10(3), 389–409. PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef Cutrona, C. E., Russell, D. W., Abraham, W. T., Gardner, K. A., Melby, J. N., Bryant, C., et al. (2003). Neighborhood context and financial strain as predictors of marital interaction and marital quality in African American couples. Personal Relationships, 10(3), 389–409. PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Deater-Deckard, K. (2004). Parenting stress. New Haven: Yale University Press. CrossRef Deater-Deckard, K. (2004). Parenting stress. New Haven: Yale University Press. CrossRef
go back to reference Esdaile, S. A., & Greenwood, K. M. (1995). Issues of parenting stress: A study involving mothers of toddlers. Journal of Family Studies, 1(2), 153–165. CrossRef Esdaile, S. A., & Greenwood, K. M. (1995). Issues of parenting stress: A study involving mothers of toddlers. Journal of Family Studies, 1(2), 153–165. CrossRef
go back to reference Franco, L. M., Pottick, K. J., & Huang, C. C. (2010). Early parenthood in a community context: Neighborhood conditions, race-ethnicity, and parenting stress. Journal of Community Psychology, 38(5), 574–590. CrossRef Franco, L. M., Pottick, K. J., & Huang, C. C. (2010). Early parenthood in a community context: Neighborhood conditions, race-ethnicity, and parenting stress. Journal of Community Psychology, 38(5), 574–590. CrossRef
go back to reference Gupta, V. B. (2007). Comparison of parenting stress in different developmental disabilities. Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities, 19(4), 417–425. CrossRef Gupta, V. B. (2007). Comparison of parenting stress in different developmental disabilities. Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities, 19(4), 417–425. CrossRef
go back to reference Harmon, D. K., & Perry, A. R. (2011). Fathers’ unaccounted contributions: Paternal involvement and maternal stress. Families in Society: The Journal of Contemporary Social Services, 92(2), 176–182. CrossRef Harmon, D. K., & Perry, A. R. (2011). Fathers’ unaccounted contributions: Paternal involvement and maternal stress. Families in Society: The Journal of Contemporary Social Services, 92(2), 176–182. CrossRef
go back to reference Jackson, A. P., & Huang, C. C. (2000). Parenting stress and behavior among single mothers of preschoolers: The mediating role of self-efficacy. Journal of Social Service Research, 26, 29–42. Jackson, A. P., & Huang, C. C. (2000). Parenting stress and behavior among single mothers of preschoolers: The mediating role of self-efficacy. Journal of Social Service Research, 26, 29–42.
go back to reference Jann, B. (2008). The Blinder–Oaxaca decomposition for linear regression models. The Stata Journal, 8(4), 453–479. Jann, B. (2008). The Blinder–Oaxaca decomposition for linear regression models. The Stata Journal, 8(4), 453–479.
go back to reference Keeter, S., Kennedy, C., Dimock, M., Best, J., & Craighill, P. (2006). Gauging the impact of growing nonresponse on estimates from a national RDD telephone survey. Public Opinion Quarterly, 70(5), 759–779. CrossRef Keeter, S., Kennedy, C., Dimock, M., Best, J., & Craighill, P. (2006). Gauging the impact of growing nonresponse on estimates from a national RDD telephone survey. Public Opinion Quarterly, 70(5), 759–779. CrossRef
go back to reference Koeske, G. F., & Koeske, R. D. (1990). The buffering effect of social supports on parental stress. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 60(3), 440–451. PubMedCrossRef Koeske, G. F., & Koeske, R. D. (1990). The buffering effect of social supports on parental stress. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 60(3), 440–451. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference MacLeod, J., & Nelson, G. (2000). Programs for the promotion of family wellness and the prevention of child maltreatment: A meta-analytic review. Child Abuse and Neglect, 24(9), 1127–1149. PubMedCrossRef MacLeod, J., & Nelson, G. (2000). Programs for the promotion of family wellness and the prevention of child maltreatment: A meta-analytic review. Child Abuse and Neglect, 24(9), 1127–1149. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Marks, E. L., Rhodes, B. B., & Scheffler, S. (2008). SEED for Oklahoma kids: Baseline analysis. Research Triangle Park, NC: RTI International. Marks, E. L., Rhodes, B. B., & Scheffler, S. (2008). SEED for Oklahoma kids: Baseline analysis. Research Triangle Park, NC: RTI International.
go back to reference McLoyd, V. C. (1990). The impact of economic hardship on Black families and children: Psychological distress, parenting, and socioemotional development. Child Development, 61(2), 311–346. PubMedCrossRef McLoyd, V. C. (1990). The impact of economic hardship on Black families and children: Psychological distress, parenting, and socioemotional development. Child Development, 61(2), 311–346. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference McLoyd, V. C. (1998). Socioeconomic disadvantage and child development. The American Psychologist, 53(2), 185–204. PubMedCrossRef McLoyd, V. C. (1998). Socioeconomic disadvantage and child development. The American Psychologist, 53(2), 185–204. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference McLoyd, V. C., Cauce, A. M., Takeuchi, D., & Wilson, L. (2000). Marital processes and parental socialization in families of color: A decade review of research. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 62(4), 1070–1093. CrossRef McLoyd, V. C., Cauce, A. M., Takeuchi, D., & Wilson, L. (2000). Marital processes and parental socialization in families of color: A decade review of research. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 62(4), 1070–1093. CrossRef
go back to reference Murry, V. M., Brown, P. A., Brody, G. H., Cutrona, C. E., & Simons, R. L. (2001). Racial discrimination as a moderator of the links among stress, maternal psychological functioning, and family relationships. Journal of Marriage and Family, 63(4), 915–926. CrossRef Murry, V. M., Brown, P. A., Brody, G. H., Cutrona, C. E., & Simons, R. L. (2001). Racial discrimination as a moderator of the links among stress, maternal psychological functioning, and family relationships. Journal of Marriage and Family, 63(4), 915–926. CrossRef
go back to reference Nam, Y., Kim, Y., Clancy, M., Zager, R., & Sherraden, M. (2013). Do child development accounts promote account holding, saving, and asset accumulation for children’s future? Evidence from a statewide randomized experiment. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 32(1), 6–33. CrossRef Nam, Y., Kim, Y., Clancy, M., Zager, R., & Sherraden, M. (2013). Do child development accounts promote account holding, saving, and asset accumulation for children’s future? Evidence from a statewide randomized experiment. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 32(1), 6–33. CrossRef
go back to reference Neumark, D. (1988). Employers’ discriminatory behavior and the estimation of wage discrimination. Journal of Human Resources, 23(3), 279–296. CrossRef Neumark, D. (1988). Employers’ discriminatory behavior and the estimation of wage discrimination. Journal of Human Resources, 23(3), 279–296. CrossRef
go back to reference Oaxaca, R. L. (1973). Male–female wage differentials in urban labor markets. International Economic Review, 14(3), 693–709. CrossRef Oaxaca, R. L. (1973). Male–female wage differentials in urban labor markets. International Economic Review, 14(3), 693–709. CrossRef
go back to reference Probst, J. C., Wang, J. Y., Martin, A. B., Moore, C. G., Paul, B. M., & Samuels, M. E. (2008). Potentially violent disagreements and parenting stress among American Indian/Alaska native families: Analysis across seven states. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 12, S91–S102. CrossRef Probst, J. C., Wang, J. Y., Martin, A. B., Moore, C. G., Paul, B. M., & Samuels, M. E. (2008). Potentially violent disagreements and parenting stress among American Indian/Alaska native families: Analysis across seven states. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 12, S91–S102. CrossRef
go back to reference Raphael, J. L., Zhang, Y., Liu, H., & Giardino, A. P. (2010). Parenting stress in US families: Implications for paediatric healthcare utilization. Child: Care, Health and Development, 36(2), 216–224. Raphael, J. L., Zhang, Y., Liu, H., & Giardino, A. P. (2010). Parenting stress in US families: Implications for paediatric healthcare utilization. Child: Care, Health and Development, 36(2), 216–224.
go back to reference Schieman, S., Whitestone, Y. K., & Van Gundy, K. (2006). The nature of work and the stress of higher status. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 47(3), 242–257. PubMedCrossRef Schieman, S., Whitestone, Y. K., & Van Gundy, K. (2006). The nature of work and the stress of higher status. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 47(3), 242–257. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Segal, L., Opie, R. S., & Dalziel, K. (2012). Theory! the missing link in understanding the performance of neonate/infant home-visiting programs to prevent child maltreatment: A systematic review. The Milbank Quarterly, 90(1), 47–106. PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef Segal, L., Opie, R. S., & Dalziel, K. (2012). Theory! the missing link in understanding the performance of neonate/infant home-visiting programs to prevent child maltreatment: A systematic review. The Milbank Quarterly, 90(1), 47–106. PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Williford, A. P., Calkins, S. D., & Keane, S. P. (2007). Predicting change in parenting stress across early childhood: Child and maternal factors. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 35(2), 251–263. PubMedCrossRef Williford, A. P., Calkins, S. D., & Keane, S. P. (2007). Predicting change in parenting stress across early childhood: Child and maternal factors. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 35(2), 251–263. PubMedCrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Racial and Ethnic Differences in Parenting Stress: Evidence from a Statewide Sample of New Mothers
Auteurs
Yunju Nam
Nora Wikoff
Michael Sherraden
Publicatiedatum
01-02-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 2/2015
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-013-9833-z

Andere artikelen Uitgave 2/2015

Journal of Child and Family Studies 2/2015 Naar de uitgave