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14-09-2019 | Review | Uitgave 12/2019 Open Access

Quality of Life Research 12/2019

Quality of life measures in older adults after traumatic brain injury: a systematic review

Quality of Life Research > Uitgave 12/2019
Cindy Hunt, Shatabdy Zahid, Naomi Ennis, Alicja Michalak, Cheryl Masanic, Chantal Vaidyanath, Shree Bhalerao, Michael D. Cusimano, Andrew Baker
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On average older adults experiencing TBI are hospitalized four times as often, have longer hospital stays, and experience slower recovery trajectories and worse functional outcomes compared to younger populations with the same injury severity. A standard measure of Qol for older adults with TBI would facilitate accurate and reliable data across the individual patient care continuum and across clinical care settings, as well as support more rigorous research studies of metadata.


The aim of this systematic review was to investigate patient reported Qol measures in studies with older adults post TBI.


A systematic review was carried out focusing on the various tools to measure Qol in older adults, ≥ 65 years of age with a diagnosis of TBI. Data bases searched included Medline, Embase, PubMed, CINAHL, and PsychInfo from date of inception to September 25, 2017.


A total of 20 articles met the inclusion criteria. Nine different tools were identified.


Findings based on the comparison of reliability and construct validity of the Qol measures reported in this review suggest that no single instrument is superior to all others for our study population. Future research in this field should include the enrollment of larger study samples of older adults. Without these future efforts, the ability to detect an optimal Qol measure will be hindered.

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