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05-11-2016 | Original Paper

Psychotropic Medication Use among Insured Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Auteurs: Jeanne M. Madden, Matthew D. Lakoma, Frances L. Lynch, Donna Rusinak, Ashli A. Owen-Smith, Karen J. Coleman, Virginia P. Quinn, Vincent M. Yau, Yinge X. Qian, Lisa A. Croen

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 1/2017

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Abstract

This study examined psychotropic medication use among 7901 children aged 1–17 with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in five health systems, comparing to matched cohorts with no ASD. Nearly half (48.5 %) of children with ASD received psychotropics in the year observed; the most common classes were stimulants, alpha-agonists, or atomoxetine (30.2 %), antipsychotics (20.5 %), and antidepressants (17.8 %). Psychotropic treatment was far more prevalent among children with ASD, as compared to children with no ASD (7.7 % overall), even within strata defined by the presence or absence of other psychiatric diagnoses. The widespread use of psychotropics we observed, particularly given weak evidence supporting the effectiveness of these medications for most children with ASD, highlights challenges in ASD treatment and the need for greater investment in its evaluation.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Psychotropic Medication Use among Insured Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Auteurs
Jeanne M. Madden
Matthew D. Lakoma
Frances L. Lynch
Donna Rusinak
Ashli A. Owen-Smith
Karen J. Coleman
Virginia P. Quinn
Vincent M. Yau
Yinge X. Qian
Lisa A. Croen
Publicatiedatum
05-11-2016
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 1/2017
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-016-2946-7

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