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The Condom Barriers and Motivations Scale (CBMS) was developed to measure four distinct categories of barriers and motives to condom use, including: risk reduction motivations, pleasure reduction barriers, intimacy interference barriers, and partner pressure barriers. The CBMS is a 16-item scale with four items that correspond to each of these subscales. The CBMS was tested in two samples of gay and bisexual men. Results support the reliability and validity of the scale and its structure. Results also indicate that CBMS subscales are distinct from general measures of sexual wellbeing, personality factors, or relationship quality (i.e., discriminant validity) and are associated with self-reported condom use with different partner types (i.e., construct validity). The CBMS can be helpful in better understanding the dynamics of condom use in the context of pre-exposure prophylaxis decision-making, and can shed light on innovative approaches to enhance condom use as part of comprehensive HIV prevention and sexual health goals.
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- Psychometric evaluation of the Condom Barriers and Motivations Scale (CBMS)
Sarit A. Golub
Kristi E. Gamarel
- Springer US