Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Conduct disorder (CD) symptoms and callous-unemotional (CU) traits have been shown to be uniquely associated with risky sexual behavior (RSB) in adolescence and early adulthood, yet their interactive role in predicting RSB remains largely unknown. This study aimed to investigate the predictive value of CD symptoms and CU traits, as well as their interaction, on several RSB outcomes in adolescence and early adulthood. A total of 683 participants (41.7 % female, 47.4 % African American) were followed annually and self-reported age of first sexual intercourse, frequency of condom use, pregnancy, contraction of sexually transmitted infections, and engagement in sexual solicitation from grade 7 to 2-years post-high school. CD symptoms predicted age of first sexual intercourse, condom use, and sexual solicitation. CU traits predicted age of first sexual intercourse and pregnancy. Their interaction predicted a composite score of these RSBs such that CD symptoms positively predicted the composite score among those with high levels of CU traits but not among those with low levels of CU traits. The current findings provide information regarding the importance of both CD symptoms and CU traits in understanding adolescent and early adulthood RSB, as well as the benefits of examining multiple RSB outcomes during this developmental period. These findings have implications for the development and implementation of preventive efforts to target these risky behaviors among adolescents and young adults.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Achenbach, T. M. (1991). Manual for the child behavior checklist/4–18 and 1991 profile. Burlington: University of Vermont Department of Psychiatry.
Albert, B., Brown, S., & Flanigan, C. (2003). 14 and younger: the sexual behavior of young adolescents (summary). Washington, DC: National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy.
American Psychiatric Association (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author. CrossRef
Bearman, P. S., Jones, J., & Udry, J. R. (1997). The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health: Research Design. Available from http://www.cpc.unc.edu/addhealth.
Caputo, A. A., Frick, P. J., & Brodsky, S. L. (1999). Family violence and juvenile sex offending: the potential mediating role of psychopathic traits and negative attitudes toward women. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 26, 338–356. CrossRef
Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group. (1992). A developmental and clinical model for the prevention of conduct disorders: the FAST Track program. Development and Psychopathology, 4, 509–527. CrossRef
Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group. (1999). Pregnancy Measure. Available from http://www.fasttrackproject.org/.
Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group. (2014). Trajectories of risk for early sexual activity and early substance use in the Fast Track prevention program. Prevention Science, 15, S33–S46. CrossRef
Dodge, K. A., Bierman, K. L., Coie, J. D., Greenberg, M. T., Lochman, J. E., McMahon, R. J., & Pinderhughes, E. E., for the Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group. (2015). Impact of early intervention on psychopathology, crime, and well-being at age 25. American Journal of Psychiatry, 172, 59–70. CrossRefPubMed
Elliott, D. S., Huizinga, D. & Ageton, S. (1985). Explaining delinquency and drug use. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
Frick, P. J. (2004). The Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits. Unpublished rating scale. New Orleans: University of New Orleans.
Frick, P. J., & Hare, R. D. (2001). The antisocial process screening device (APSD). Toronto, ON: Multi-Health Systems.
Frick, P. J., Ray, J. V., Thornton, L. C., & Kahn, R. E. (2014). Annual research review: a developmental psychopathology approach to understanding callous-unemotional traits in children and adolescents with serious conduct problems. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 55, 532–548. CrossRefPubMed
Fulton, J. J., Marcus, D. K., & Payne, K. T. (2010). Psychopathic personality traits and risky sexual behavior in college students. Personality and Individual Differences, 49, 29–33. CrossRef
Hollingshead, A. A. (1979). Four-factor index of social status. Unpublished manuscript. New Haven, CT: Yale University.
Huizinga, D., & Elliott, D. S. (1986). Reassessing the reliability and validity of self-report delinquency measures. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 2, 293–327.
Kimonis, E. R., Frick, P. J., Skeem, J., Marsee, M. A., Cruise, K., Muñoz, L. C., & Morris, A. S. (2008). Assessing callous-unemotional traits in adolescent offenders: validation of the inventory of callous-unemotional traits. Journal of the International Association of Psychiatry and Law, 31, 241–252. CrossRef
Kimonis, E., Frick, P. J., & McMahon, R. J. (2014). Conduct and oppositional defiant disorders. In E. J. Mash & R. A. Barkley (Eds.), Child psychopathology (3rd ed., pp. 145–179). New York: Guilford Press.
Mosher, W. D., Chandra, A., & Jones, J. (2005). Sexual behavior and selected health measures: men and women 15–44 years of age, United States, 2002. Advance Data, 362, 1–55.
Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (1998–2015). Mplus user’s guide (7th ed.). Los Angeles, CA: Authors.
Preacher, K. T., Curran, P. J., & Bauer, D. J. (2006). Computational tools for probing interactions in multiple linear regression, multilevel modeling, and latent curve analysis. Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 31, 437–448. CrossRef
Schofield, H. T., Bierman, K. L., Heinrichs, B., Nix, R. L., & Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group (2008). Predicting early sexual activity with behavior problems exhibited at school entry and in early adolescence. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 36, 1175–1188. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Scott, S., Knapp, M., Henderson, J., & Maughan, B. (2001). Financial cost of social exclusion: follow up study of antisocial children into adulthood. British Medical Journal, 323, 1–5. CrossRef
Shaffer, D., Fisher, P., Lucas, C. P., Dulcan, M. K., & Schwab-Stone, M. E. (2000). NIMH diagnostic interview schedule for children version IV (NIMH DISC-IV): description, differences from previous versions, and reliability of some common diagnoses. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 39, 28–38. CrossRefPubMed
Weinhardt, L. S., Forsyth, A. D., Carey, M. P., Jaworski, B. A., & Durant, L. E. (1998). Reliability and validity of self report measures of HIV-related sexual behavior: progress since 1990 and recommendations for research and practice. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 27, 155–180. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
White, S. F., Cruise, K. R., & Frick, P. J. (2009). Differential correlates to self-report and parent-report of callous-unemotional traits in a sample of juvenile sexual offenders. Behavioral Sciences & the Law, 27, 910–928. CrossRef
Wu, J., Witkiewitz, K., McMahon, R. J., Dodge, K. A., & Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group. (2010). A parallel process growth mixture model of conduct problems and substance use with risky sexual behavior. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 111, 207–214.
Wymbs, B. T., McCarty, C. A., Kind, K. M., McCauley, E., Vander Stoep, A., Baer, J. S., & Waschbusch, D. A. (2012). Callous-unemotional traits as unique prospective risk factors for substance use in early adolescent boys and girls. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 40, 1099–1110. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Wymbs, B. T., McCarty, C. A., Baer, J. S., King, K. M., Vander Stoep, A., & McCauley, E. (2013). Callous-unemotional traits and conduct disorder symptoms as prospective risk factors for adolescent sexual activity. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 42, 693–699. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
- Predicting Risky Sexual Behavior: the Unique and Interactive Roles of Childhood Conduct Disorder Symptoms and Callous-Unemotional Traits
Sarah L. Anderson
Robert J. McMahon
- Springer US