Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s10802-016-0223-z) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
Developmental psychopathologists have long posited a reciprocal relation between parenting behaviors and the development of child anxiety symptoms. Yet, little empirical research has utilized a longitudinal design that would allow exploration of this bi-directional influence. The present study examined the reciprocal relations between parental respect for autonomy, parental hostility, and parental support, and the development of childhood anxiety during a critical developmental period-the transition from preschool to kindergarten and then first grade. Study participants included a community sample of 391 male and 405 female socioeconomically, racially and ethnically diverse 4 to 6–7 year olds. 54 % of the sample was White, non-Hispanic, 16.8 % was African American, 20.4 % was Hispanic, 2.4 % were Asian and 4.4 % self-identified as Other or mixed race. Parent report and observational methodology were used. Parenting and anxiety were found to interact reciprocally over time. Higher levels of age 4 anxiety led to reduced respect for child autonomy at age 5. At age 4 higher levels of parental hostility led to small increases in age 5 anxiety, and increased age 5 anxiety led to increased levels of age 6 parent hostility. Parental support at age 5 resulted in decreased anxiety symptoms at age 6–7 while higher age 5 anxiety levels were associated with reductions in age 6–7 parental support. No relations were found between these variables at the younger ages. Although the magnitude of these findings was small, they suggest that early treatment for childhood anxiety should include both parent intervention and direct treatment of the child’s anxiety symptoms.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
ESM 1 (DOCX 43 kb)10802_2016_223_MOESM1_ESM.docx
Brown, T. A. (2006). Confirmatory factor analysis for applied research. New York: Guilford.
Degnan, K. A., Hane, A. A., Henderson, H. A., Walker, O. L., Ghera, M. M., & Fox, N. A. (2015). Emergent patterns of risk for psychopathology: the influence of infant avoidance and maternal caregiving on trajectories of social reticence. Development and Psychopathology, 27, 1163–1178. doi: 10.1017/S0954579415000747. CrossRefPubMed
Dougherty, L.R.,Tolep, M.R., Bufferd, S.J., Olino, T.M., Dyson, M., Traditi, J., … Klein, D.N. (2013). Preschool anxiety disorders: Comprehensive assessment of clinical, demographic, temperamental, familial, and life stress correlates. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 42, 577–589. doi: 10.1080/15374416.2012.759225.
Dunn, L., & Dunn, L. (1997). The Peabody picture vocabulary test (3rd ed.). Circle Pines: American Guidance Service.
Fisher, P., & Lucas, C. (2006). Diagnostic interview schedule for children (DISC-IV)-young child. New York: Columbia University.
Franz, L., Angold, A., Copeland, W., Costello, E. J., Towe-Goodman, N., & Egger, H. (2013). Preschool anxiety disorders in pediatric primary care: prevalence and co-morbidity. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 52, 1294–1303. doi: 10.1016/j.jaac.2013.09.008. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Gadow, K. D., & Sprafkin, J. (2000). Early childhood inventory 4 screening manual. Stonybrook: Checkmate Plus.
Gar, N. S., & Hudson, J. L. (2008). An examination of the interactions between mothers and children with anxiety disorders. Behavior Research and Therapy, 46, 1266–1274. CrossRef
Gerlsma, C., Emmelkamp, P. M. G., & Arrindell, W. A. (1990). Anxiety, depression, and perception of early parenting: a meta-analysis. Clinical Psychology Review, 10, 251–277. CrossRef
Hollingshead, A. B. (1975). Four-factor index of social position. New Haven: Yale University Department of Sociology.
Hudson, J. L., Dodd, H. F., Lyneham, H. J., & Bovopoulos, N. (2011b). Temperament and family environment in the development of anxiety disorder: two-year follow-up. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 50, 1255–1264. doi: 10.1016/j.jaac.2011.09.009. CrossRefPubMed
Hudson, J.L., & Dodd, H. F. (2012). Informing early intervention:preschool predictors of anxiety disorders in middle childhood. PloSONE, 7(8): e42359. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0042359
Joreskog, K. G. (1999). How large can a standardized coefficient be? Unpublished report, http://www.ssicentral.com/lisrel/techdocs/HowLargeCanaStandardizedCoefficientBe.pdf. Accessed 07 Jan 2011.
Joreskog, K. G., & Sorbom, D. (2006). LISREL for windows. Chicago: Scientific Software International.
Kline, R. B. (1998). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling. New York: Guilford.
Little, T. D., Cunningham, W. A., Shahar, G., & Widaman, K. F. (2002). To parcel or not to parcel: exploring the question, weighting the merits. Structural Equation Modeling, 36, 737–744.
Lovejoy, M. C., Weis, R., O’Hare, E., & Rubin, E. C. (1999). Development and initial validation of the parent behavior inventory. Psychological Assessment, 4, 1–12. doi: 10.1037/1040-35184.108.40.2064.
Moore, P. S., Whaley, S. E., & Sigman, M. (2004). Interactions between mothers and children: impacts of maternal and child anxiety. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 113, 471–476. CrossRef
Negreiros, J., & Miller, L. D. (2014). The role of parenting in childhood anxiety: etiological factors and treatment implications. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 21, 3–17.
NICHD Early Childhood Research Network. (1999). Child care and mother-child interaction in the first three years of life. Developmental Psychology, 35, 1399–1413. CrossRef
Rubin, K. H., Nelson, L. J., Hastings, P., & Asendorpf, J. (1999). The transaction between parent’s perceptions of their children’s shyness and their parenting styles. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 23, 937–957. CrossRef
Rubin, K. H., Burgess, K. B., & Hastings, P. D. (2002). Stability and social-behavioral consequences of toddlers’ inhibited temperament and parenting behaviors. Child Development, 73, 883–495. CrossRef
- Parenting and Anxiety: Bi-directional Relations in Young Children
Karen R. Gouze
Fred B. Bryant
John V. Lavigne
- Springer US