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Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness 5/2022

09-04-2022 | ORIGINAL PAPER

Positive and Negative Interpretation Biases in the Relationship Between Trait Mindfulness and Depressive Symptoms in Primarily White Emerging Adults

Auteurs: Meghan S. Goyer, Laura G. McKee, Justin Parent

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 5/2022

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Abstract

Objectives

Theoretical and empirical work support the value of using an empirically derived model of trait mindfulness and lays the groundwork for questions about how to model mindfulness, how mindfulness and interpretation biases (IBs) are linked, and how IBs may explain the association between mindfulness and depressive symptoms—a major public health concern for emerging adults (EAs).

Methods

Exploratory Structural Equation Modeling (ESEM) was used to empirically derive a model of mindfulness from a sample of 258 primarily White EAs. Structural equation models were then built to explore relationships among the individual factors of mindfulness, positive and negative interpretation bias, and depressive symptoms.

Results

Findings suggested a bi-factor (ESEM) model of mindfulness best fit the data, with four factors of attention (ATT), acceptance (AC), non-judgment (NJ), and non-judgmental acceptance (NJAC; the bi-factor). Results showed the NJAC factor to be most robustly related to depressive symptoms through positive and negative IBs (standardized indirect effects: negative biases β =  − 0.12, SE = 0.05, p = .016; positive biases β =  − 0.10, SE = 0.05, p = .035).

Conclusions

Mindfulness is a complex construct that does not reflect an overarching latent factor in this sample but rather is indicated by the separate factors of ATT, NJ, AC, and NJAC that should be considered individually in relation to outcomes. NJAC, and not ATT, contributes to lower levels of depressive symptoms in EAs in part through decreased negative and increased positive IBs.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Positive and Negative Interpretation Biases in the Relationship Between Trait Mindfulness and Depressive Symptoms in Primarily White Emerging Adults
Auteurs
Meghan S. Goyer
Laura G. McKee
Justin Parent
Publicatiedatum
09-04-2022
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 5/2022
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-022-01873-z

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