Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies 2/2006

01-04-2006

Positive Adjustment and Associated Protective Factors in Children of Adolescent Mothers

Auteurs: M.S. Dana M. Rhule, Ph.D. Robert J. McMahon, Ph.D. Susan J. Spieker, Ph.D. Jeffrey A. Munson

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 2/2006

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Numerous studies indicate that children of adolescent mothers are at an increased risk for a variety of negative outcomes, even after controlling for diverse social and health factors. However, relatively less research has examined positive adjustment in these children, or protective factors associated with such adjustment. We examined the prediction of positive behavioral, social, and academic adjustment at Grade 3 in a sample of 100 children born to adolescent mothers, followed longitudinally since the children were 1 year old. Individualized testing and parent and teacher ratings were used to measure adjustment outcomes. Predictor variables were selected from characteristics of the child and parenting/family context. Logistic regression analyses indicated that aspects of children's positive adjustment in Grade 3 were predicted by a number of child and parenting/family variables measured at least 4 to 5 years earlier. Significant predictors included lower levels of child externalizing behavior, more advanced language development, lower levels of maternal depressive symptoms, and higher levels of positive parenting. Implications for preventive intervention and future research are discussed.
Literatuur
go back to reference Achenbach, T. M. (1991a). Manual for the Child Behavior Checklist/4-18 and 1991 Profile. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont Department of Psychiatry. Achenbach, T. M. (1991a). Manual for the Child Behavior Checklist/4-18 and 1991 Profile. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont Department of Psychiatry.
go back to reference Achenbach, T. M. (1991b). Manual for the Teacher's Report Form and 1991 Profile. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont Department of Psychiatry. Achenbach, T. M. (1991b). Manual for the Teacher's Report Form and 1991 Profile. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont Department of Psychiatry.
go back to reference Ainsworth, M. S., Blehar, M. C., Waters, E., & Wall, S. (1978). Patterns of attachment: A psychological study of the Strange Situation. Oxford, UK: Erlbaum. Ainsworth, M. S., Blehar, M. C., Waters, E., & Wall, S. (1978). Patterns of attachment: A psychological study of the Strange Situation. Oxford, UK: Erlbaum.
go back to reference Apfel, N., & Seitz, V. (1997). The firstborn sons of African American teenage mothers: Perspectives on risk and resilience. In S. S. Luthar, J. A. Burack, D. Cicchetti, & J. R. Weisz (Eds.), Developmental psychopathology: Perspectives on adjustment, risk, and disorder (pp. 486–506). New York: Cambridge University Press. Apfel, N., & Seitz, V. (1997). The firstborn sons of African American teenage mothers: Perspectives on risk and resilience. In S. S. Luthar, J. A. Burack, D. Cicchetti, & J. R. Weisz (Eds.), Developmental psychopathology: Perspectives on adjustment, risk, and disorder (pp. 486–506). New York: Cambridge University Press.
go back to reference Azar, S. T., & Twentyman, C. T. (1986). Cognitive behavioral perspectives on the assessment and treatment of child abuse. In P. C. Kendall (Ed.), Advances in cognitive-behavioral research and therapy (Vol. 5, pp. 237–254). New York: Academic Press. Azar, S. T., & Twentyman, C. T. (1986). Cognitive behavioral perspectives on the assessment and treatment of child abuse. In P. C. Kendall (Ed.), Advances in cognitive-behavioral research and therapy (Vol. 5, pp. 237–254). New York: Academic Press.
go back to reference Beck, A. T., Steer, R. A., & Garbin, M. G. (1988). Psychometric properties of the Beck Depression Inventory: Twenty-five years of evaluation. Clinical Psychology Review, 8, 77–100. CrossRef Beck, A. T., Steer, R. A., & Garbin, M. G. (1988). Psychometric properties of the Beck Depression Inventory: Twenty-five years of evaluation. Clinical Psychology Review, 8, 77–100. CrossRef
go back to reference Biringen, Z., Robinson, J. L., & Emde, R. N. (1993). Manual for scoring the emotional availability scales: Infancy to early childhood version. Unpublished manuscript. Denver, CO: University of Colorado Health Sciences Center. Biringen, Z., Robinson, J. L., & Emde, R. N. (1993). Manual for scoring the emotional availability scales: Infancy to early childhood version. Unpublished manuscript. Denver, CO: University of Colorado Health Sciences Center.
go back to reference Bretherton, I. (1985). Attachment theory: Retrospect and prospect. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 50, 3–35. CrossRef Bretherton, I. (1985). Attachment theory: Retrospect and prospect. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 50, 3–35. CrossRef
go back to reference Brooks-Gunn, J., & Furstenberg, F. F., Jr. (1986). The children of adolescent mothers: Physical, academic, and psychological outcomes. Developmental Review, 6, 224–251. CrossRef Brooks-Gunn, J., & Furstenberg, F. F., Jr. (1986). The children of adolescent mothers: Physical, academic, and psychological outcomes. Developmental Review, 6, 224–251. CrossRef
go back to reference Carrow-Woolfolk, E. (1985). Test of Auditory Comprehension of Language—Revised. Allen, TX: DLM Teaching Resources. Carrow-Woolfolk, E. (1985). Test of Auditory Comprehension of Language—Revised. Allen, TX: DLM Teaching Resources.
go back to reference Coie, J. D., Watt, N. F., West, S., Hawkins, J. D., Asarnow, J. R., Markman, H. J., et al. (1993). The science of prevention. American Psychologist, 48, 1013–1022. PubMedCrossRef Coie, J. D., Watt, N. F., West, S., Hawkins, J. D., Asarnow, J. R., Markman, H. J., et al. (1993). The science of prevention. American Psychologist, 48, 1013–1022. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group. (1995). Social Competence Scale (Parent Version). Retrived January 5, 2004, from http://​www.​fasttrack project.org/techrept/s/sc.p Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group. (1995). Social Competence Scale (Parent Version). Retrived January 5, 2004, from http://​www.​fasttrack project.org/techrept/s/sc.p
go back to reference Dionne, G., Tremblay, R., Boivin, M., Laplante, D., & Perusse, D. (2003). Physical aggression and expressive vocabulary in 19-month-old twins. Developmental Psychology, 39, 261–273. PubMedCrossRef Dionne, G., Tremblay, R., Boivin, M., Laplante, D., & Perusse, D. (2003). Physical aggression and expressive vocabulary in 19-month-old twins. Developmental Psychology, 39, 261–273. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Dubow, E. F., & Luster, T. (1990). Adjustment of children born to teenage mothers: The contribution of risk and protective factors. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 52, 393–404. CrossRef Dubow, E. F., & Luster, T. (1990). Adjustment of children born to teenage mothers: The contribution of risk and protective factors. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 52, 393–404. CrossRef
go back to reference Eyberg, S. M., & Robinson, E. A. (1983). Dyadic Parent-Child Interaction Coding System (DPICS): A manual. Psychological Documents, 13(Ms. No. 2582). Eyberg, S. M., & Robinson, E. A. (1983). Dyadic Parent-Child Interaction Coding System (DPICS): A manual. Psychological Documents, 13(Ms. No. 2582).
go back to reference Forehand, R., & McMahon, R. J. (1981). Helping the noncompliant child: A clinician's guide to parent training. New York: Guilford Press. Forehand, R., & McMahon, R. J. (1981). Helping the noncompliant child: A clinician's guide to parent training. New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Garmezy, N. (1985). Stress-resistant children: The search for protective factors. In J. E. Stevenson (Ed.), Recent research in developmental psychopathology: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry Book Supplement 4 (pp. 213–233). Oxford, UK: Pergamon Press. Garmezy, N. (1985). Stress-resistant children: The search for protective factors. In J. E. Stevenson (Ed.), Recent research in developmental psychopathology: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry Book Supplement 4 (pp. 213–233). Oxford, UK: Pergamon Press.
go back to reference Hetherington, E. M. (1997). Teenaged childbearing and divorce. In S. S. Luthar, J. A. Burack, D. Cicchetti, & J. R. Weisz (Eds.), Developmental psychopathology: Perspectives on adjustment, risk, and disorder (pp. 350–373). New York: Cambridge University Press. Hetherington, E. M. (1997). Teenaged childbearing and divorce. In S. S. Luthar, J. A. Burack, D. Cicchetti, & J. R. Weisz (Eds.), Developmental psychopathology: Perspectives on adjustment, risk, and disorder (pp. 350–373). New York: Cambridge University Press.
go back to reference Hinshaw, S. P., & Lee, S. S. (2003). Conduct and oppositional defiant disorders. In E. J. Mash & R. A. Barkley (Eds.), Child psychopathology (2nd ed., pp. 144–198). New York: Guilford Press. Hinshaw, S. P., & Lee, S. S. (2003). Conduct and oppositional defiant disorders. In E. J. Mash & R. A. Barkley (Eds.), Child psychopathology (2nd ed., pp. 144–198). New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Hollingshead, A. (1975). Four-factor index of social status. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. Hollingshead, A. (1975). Four-factor index of social status. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
go back to reference Jaffee, S., Caspi, A., Moffitt, T. E., Belsky, J., & Silva, P. (2001). Why are children born to teen mothers at risk for adverse outcomes in young adulthood? Results from a 20-year longitudinal study. Development and Psychopathology, 13, 377–397. PubMedCrossRef Jaffee, S., Caspi, A., Moffitt, T. E., Belsky, J., & Silva, P. (2001). Why are children born to teen mothers at risk for adverse outcomes in young adulthood? Results from a 20-year longitudinal study. Development and Psychopathology, 13, 377–397. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Johnston, C., & Mash, E. J. (1989). A measure of parenting satisfaction and efficacy. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 18, 167–175. CrossRef Johnston, C., & Mash, E. J. (1989). A measure of parenting satisfaction and efficacy. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 18, 167–175. CrossRef
go back to reference Kandel, E., Mednick, S. A., Kirkegaard-Sorenson, L., Hutchings, B. Knop, J., Rosenberg, R., et al. (1988). IQ as a protective factor for subjects at high risk for antisocial behavior. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 56, 224–226. PubMedCrossRef Kandel, E., Mednick, S. A., Kirkegaard-Sorenson, L., Hutchings, B. Knop, J., Rosenberg, R., et al. (1988). IQ as a protective factor for subjects at high risk for antisocial behavior. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 56, 224–226. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Kochanska, G., & Thompson, R. A. (1997). The emergence and development of conscience in toddlerhood and early childhood. In J. E. Grusec & L. Kuczynski (Eds.), Parenting and children's internalization of values (pp. 53–77). New York: Wiley. Kochanska, G., & Thompson, R. A. (1997). The emergence and development of conscience in toddlerhood and early childhood. In J. E. Grusec & L. Kuczynski (Eds.), Parenting and children's internalization of values (pp. 53–77). New York: Wiley.
go back to reference Leadbeater, B. J., Bishop, S., & Raver, C. (1996). Quality of mother-toddler interactions, maternal depressive symptoms, and behavior problems in preschoolers of adolescent mothers. Developmental Psychology, 32, 280–288. CrossRef Leadbeater, B. J., Bishop, S., & Raver, C. (1996). Quality of mother-toddler interactions, maternal depressive symptoms, and behavior problems in preschoolers of adolescent mothers. Developmental Psychology, 32, 280–288. CrossRef
go back to reference Luthar, S. S. (1993). Annotation: Methodological and conceptual issues in research on childhood resilience. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 34, 441–453. PubMedCrossRef Luthar, S. S. (1993). Annotation: Methodological and conceptual issues in research on childhood resilience. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 34, 441–453. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Luthar, S. S., Cicchetti, D., & Becker, B. (2000). Research on resilience: Response to commentaries. Child Development, 71, 573–575. CrossRef Luthar, S. S., Cicchetti, D., & Becker, B. (2000). Research on resilience: Response to commentaries. Child Development, 71, 573–575. CrossRef
go back to reference Masten, A. S. (2001). Ordinary magic: Resilience processes in development. American Psychologist, 56, 227–238. PubMedCrossRef Masten, A. S. (2001). Ordinary magic: Resilience processes in development. American Psychologist, 56, 227–238. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Masten, A. S., & Coatsworth, J. D. (1998). The development of competence in favorable and unfavorable environments: Lessons from research on successful children. American Psychologist, 53, 205–220. PubMedCrossRef Masten, A. S., & Coatsworth, J. D. (1998). The development of competence in favorable and unfavorable environments: Lessons from research on successful children. American Psychologist, 53, 205–220. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference McLoyd, V. C. (1998). Socioeconomic disadvantage and child development. American Psychologist, 53, 185–204. PubMedCrossRef McLoyd, V. C. (1998). Socioeconomic disadvantage and child development. American Psychologist, 53, 185–204. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference McMahon, R. J., & Frick, P. J. (2005). Evidence-based assessment of conduct problems in children and adolescents. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 2005, 34, 477–505. McMahon, R. J., & Frick, P. J. (2005). Evidence-based assessment of conduct problems in children and adolescents. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 2005, 34, 477–505.
go back to reference Miller-Johnson, S., Winn, D. M., Coie, J. D., Hyman, C., Terry, R., Lochman, J. E., et al. (1999). Motherhood during the teen years: A developmental perspective on risk factors for child-bearing. Development and Psychopathology, 11, 85–100. PubMedCrossRef Miller-Johnson, S., Winn, D. M., Coie, J. D., Hyman, C., Terry, R., Lochman, J. E., et al. (1999). Motherhood during the teen years: A developmental perspective on risk factors for child-bearing. Development and Psychopathology, 11, 85–100. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Moffitt, T. E., & the E-Risk Study Team (2002). Teen-aged mothers in contemporary Britain. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 43, 727–742. Moffitt, T. E., & the E-Risk Study Team (2002). Teen-aged mothers in contemporary Britain. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 43, 727–742.
go back to reference Pollard, J. A., Hawkins, J. D., & Arthur, M. W. (1999). Risk and protection: Are both necessary to understand diverse behavioral outcomes in adolescence? Social Work Research, 23, 145–158. Pollard, J. A., Hawkins, J. D., & Arthur, M. W. (1999). Risk and protection: Are both necessary to understand diverse behavioral outcomes in adolescence? Social Work Research, 23, 145–158.
go back to reference Population Resource Center. (1999). Adolescent pregnancy and childbearing in the U.S. Retrieved July 25, 2003, from http://​www.​prcdc.​org/​summaries/​teenpreg/​teenpreg.​html.​ Population Resource Center. (1999). Adolescent pregnancy and childbearing in the U.S. Retrieved July 25, 2003, from http://​www.​prcdc.​org/​summaries/​teenpreg/​teenpreg.​html.​
go back to reference Rutter, M. (1985). Psychosocial resilience and protective mechanisms. In J. Rolf, A. S. Masten, D. Cicchetti, K. H. Nuechterlein, & S. Weintraub (Eds.), Risk and protective factors in the development of psychopathology (pp. 181–214). New York: Cambridge University Press. Rutter, M. (1985). Psychosocial resilience and protective mechanisms. In J. Rolf, A. S. Masten, D. Cicchetti, K. H. Nuechterlein, & S. Weintraub (Eds.), Risk and protective factors in the development of psychopathology (pp. 181–214). New York: Cambridge University Press.
go back to reference Sattler, J. M. (1988). Assessment of children (3rd ed.). San Diego, CA: Jerome M. Sattler, Publisher, Inc. Sattler, J. M. (1988). Assessment of children (3rd ed.). San Diego, CA: Jerome M. Sattler, Publisher, Inc.
go back to reference Shaw, D. S., Gilliom, M., Ingoldsby, E. M., & Nagin, D. S. (2003). Trajectories leading to school-age conduct problems. Developmental Psychology, 39, 189–200. PubMedCrossRef Shaw, D. S., Gilliom, M., Ingoldsby, E. M., & Nagin, D. S. (2003). Trajectories leading to school-age conduct problems. Developmental Psychology, 39, 189–200. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Spieker, S. J., & Bensley, L. (1994). Roles of living arrangements and grandmother social support in adolescent mothering and infant attachment. Developmental Psychology, 30, 102–111. CrossRef Spieker, S. J., & Bensley, L. (1994). Roles of living arrangements and grandmother social support in adolescent mothering and infant attachment. Developmental Psychology, 30, 102–111. CrossRef
go back to reference Stouthamer-Loeber, M., Loeber, R., Farrington, D. P., Zhang, Q., van Kammen, W., & Maguin, E. (1993). The double edge of protective and risk factors for delinquency: Interrelations and developmental patterns. Development and Psychopathology, 5, 683–701. CrossRef Stouthamer-Loeber, M., Loeber, R., Farrington, D. P., Zhang, Q., van Kammen, W., & Maguin, E. (1993). The double edge of protective and risk factors for delinquency: Interrelations and developmental patterns. Development and Psychopathology, 5, 683–701. CrossRef
go back to reference Walker, H. M., & McConnell, S. R. (1988). Walker-McConnell Scale of Social Competence and School Adjustment. Austin, TX: PRO-ED Publishing Co. Walker, H. M., & McConnell, S. R. (1988). Walker-McConnell Scale of Social Competence and School Adjustment. Austin, TX: PRO-ED Publishing Co.
go back to reference Werner, E. E., & Smith, R. S. (1982). Vulnerable but invincible: A study of resilient children. New York: McGraw-Hill. Werner, E. E., & Smith, R. S. (1982). Vulnerable but invincible: A study of resilient children. New York: McGraw-Hill.
go back to reference Woodcock, R. W., & Mather, N. (1989). Woodcock-Johnson Tests of Achievement (rev. ed.). Allen, TX: DLM Teaching Resources. Woodcock, R. W., & Mather, N. (1989). Woodcock-Johnson Tests of Achievement (rev. ed.). Allen, TX: DLM Teaching Resources.
go back to reference Wright, R. E. (1995). Logistic regression. In L. G. Grimm & P. R. Yarnold (Eds.), Reading and understanding multivariate statistics (pp. 217–244). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. Wright, R. E. (1995). Logistic regression. In L. G. Grimm & P. R. Yarnold (Eds.), Reading and understanding multivariate statistics (pp. 217–244). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
go back to reference Zaslow, M. J., Dion, M. R., Morrison, D. R., Weinfeld, N., Ogawa, J., & Tabors, P. (1999). Protective factors in the development of preschool-age children of young mothers receiving welfare. In E. M. Hetherington (Ed.), Coping with divorce, single parenting, and remarriage: A risk and resiliency perspective (pp. 193–223). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum. Zaslow, M. J., Dion, M. R., Morrison, D. R., Weinfeld, N., Ogawa, J., & Tabors, P. (1999). Protective factors in the development of preschool-age children of young mothers receiving welfare. In E. M. Hetherington (Ed.), Coping with divorce, single parenting, and remarriage: A risk and resiliency perspective (pp. 193–223). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Metagegevens
Titel
Positive Adjustment and Associated Protective Factors in Children of Adolescent Mothers
Auteurs
M.S. Dana M. Rhule
Ph.D. Robert J. McMahon
Ph.D. Susan J. Spieker
Ph.D. Jeffrey A. Munson
Publicatiedatum
01-04-2006
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 2/2006
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-005-9015-8

Andere artikelen Uitgave 2/2006

Journal of Child and Family Studies 2/2006 Naar de uitgave