Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
During the last two decades of the 20th century, psychological science rediscovered religiosity/spirituality (R/S) as a legitimate subject matter in understanding the human experience. In large measure, this renewed interest was motivated by the positive association between this variable and health (physical and mental) reported in much of the literature. If the described relationship between R/S and health is accurate, the question of how such an influence might be realized becomes important and subject to empirical investigation. The present paper develops a rationale for why such an outcome might be expected and describes various physiological mechanisms that could mediate the effect of R/S on health.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Anandarajah, G., & Hight, E. (2001). Spirituality and medical practice: Using the HOPE questions as a practical tool for spiritual assessment. American Family Physician, 63, 81–88. PubMed
Bulbulia, J. (2006). Nature’s medicine: Religiosity as an adaptation for health and cooperation. In P. McNamara (Ed.), Where God and science meet: Evolution, genes, and the religious brain (Vol. 1, pp. 87–121). Westport, CT: Praeger.
Coakley, S. (1997). Religion and the body. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Cohen, S., & Pressman, S. D. (2006). Positive affect and health. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 15, 122–125. CrossRef
Commission on Children at Risk. (2003). Hardwired to connect: The new scientific case for authoritative communities. New York: Institute for American Values.
Czeh, B., Simon, M., van der Hart, M. G. C., Schmelting, B., Hesselink, M. B., & Fuchs, E. (2005). Chronic stress decreases the number of parvalbumin-immunoreactive interneurons in the hippocampus: Prevention by treatment with a substance p receptor (NK 1) antagonist. Neuropsychopharmacology, 30, 67–79. PubMedCrossRef
Davidson, R. J. (1992). Emotion and affective style: Hemispheric substrates. Psychological Science, 3, 39–43. CrossRef
George, L. K., Ellison, C. G., & Larson, D. B. (2002). Explaining the relationship between religious involvement and health. Psychological Inquiry, 13, 190–200. CrossRef
Herzog, H., Lele, V. R., Kuwert, T., Langen, K. J., Kops, E. R., & Feinendegen, L. E. (1990–91). Changed pattern of regional glucose metabolism during yoga meditative relaxation. Neuropsychobiology, 23, 182–187. CrossRef
Hill, P. C. (2005). Measurement in the psychology of religion and spirituality: Current status and evaluation. In R. F. Paloutzian & C. L. Park (Eds.), Handbook of the psychology of religion and spirituality (pp. 43–61). New York: The Guilford Press.
Hill, P. C., & Pargament, K. I. (2003). Advances in the conceptualization and measurement of religion and spirituality: Implications for physical and mental health research. American Psychologist, 53, 64–74. CrossRef
Hill, P. C., Pargament, K. I., Hood, R. W., McCullough, M. E., Swyers, J. P., Larson, D. B., & Zinnbauer, B. J. (2000). Conceptualizing religion and spirituality: Points of commonality, points of departure. Journal for the Theory of Social Behavior, 30, 51–77. CrossRef
James, W. (1902/1999). The varieties of religious experience. New York: The Modern Library. (Original work published 1902).
Jevning, R., Anand, R., Biedebach, M., & Fernando, G. (1996). Effects on regional cerebral blood flow of transcendental meditation. Physiology & Behavior, 59, 399–402. CrossRef
Kabat-Zinn, J., Massion, A. O., Kristeller, J., Peterson, L. G., Fletcher, K. E., Pbert, L., et al. (1992). Effectiveness of a meditation-based stress reduction program in the treatment of anxiety disorders. American Journal of Psychiatry, 149, 936–943. PubMed
Kiecolt-Glaser, J. K., & Glaser, R. (1995). Psychoneuroimmunology and health consequences: Data and shared mechanisms. Psychosomatic Medicine, 57, 269–274. PubMed
Koenig, H. G., McCullough, M. E., & Larson, D. B. (2001). Handbook of religion and health. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Larson, D. B., & Larson, S. S. (2003). Spirituality’s potential relevance to physical and emotional health: A brief review of quantitative research. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 31, 37–51.
Lee, B. Y., & Newberg, A. B. (2005). Religion and health: A review and critical analysis. Zygon, 40, 443–468. CrossRef
Levin, J. S. (1996). How religion influences morbidity and health: Reflections on natural history, salutogenesis and host resistance. Social Science & Medicine, 43, 849–864. CrossRef
Looy, H., Reimer, K., & Seybold, K. (2005). Reductive no more: Explaining religion without explaining it away. Journal of Psychology and Christianity, 24, 101–104.
Masters, K. S., & Spielmans, G. I. (2007). Prayer and health: Review, meta-analysis, and research agenda. Journal of Behavioral Medicine. doi: 10.1007/s10865-007-9106-7
Maton, K. I. (1989). The stress-buffering role of spiritual support: Cross-sectional and prospective investigations. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 28, 310–323. CrossRef
McNamara, P. (2002). The motivational origins of religious practices. Zygon, 37, 143–160. CrossRef
McNamara, P., Andresen, J., & Gellard, J. (2003). Relation of religiosity and scores on fluency tests to subjective reports of health in older individuals. The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 13, 259–271. CrossRef
McNamara, P., Durso, R., Brown, A., & Harris, E. (2006). The chemistry of religiosity: Evidence from patients with Parkinson’s disease. In P. McNamara (Ed.), Where God and science meet: The neurology of religious experience (Vol. 2, pp. 1–14). Westport, CT: Praeger.
Newberg, A. B. (2006). Religious and spiritual practices: A neurochemical perspective. In P. McNamara (Ed.), Where God and science meet: The neurology of religious experience (Vol. 2, pp. 15–31). Westport, CT: Praeger.
Newberg, A., & d’Aquili, E. (2001). Why God won’t go away: Brain science & the biology of belief. New York: Ballantine Books.
Oman, D., & Thoresen, C. E. (2005). Do religion and spirituality influence health? In R. F. Paloutzian & C. L. Park (Eds.), Handbook of the psychology of religion and spirituality (pp. 435–459). New York: The Guilford Press.
Patoine, B. (2006). Too much of a good thing: Addiction as overlearning. Brain Work, 16, 1–3.
Plante, T. G., & Sherman, A. C. (2001). Faith and health: Psychological perspectives. New York: The Guilford Press.
Roberts, T. B. (2006). Chemical input, religious output—entheogens: A pharmatheology sampler. In P. McNamara (Ed.), Where God and science meet: The psychology of religious experience (Vol. 3, pp. 235–267). Westport, CT: Praeger.
Russell, J. A. (2006). Stress effects in the hippocampus: Synaptic plasticity and memory. The International Journal on the Biology of Stress, 9, 1–11. CrossRef
Sapolsky, R. M., Uno, H., Rebert, C. S., & Finch, C. E. (1990). Hippocampal damage associated with prolonged glucocorticoid exposure in primates. The Journal of Neuroscience, 10, 2897–2902. PubMed
Seybold, K.S., & Hill, P. C. (2001). The role of religion and spirituality in mental and physical health. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 10, 21–24. CrossRef
Sloan, R. P., Bagiella, E., & Powell, T. (1999). Religion, spirituality, and medicine. The Lancet, 353, 664–667. CrossRef
Taylor, S. E. (2006). Tend and befriend: Biobehavioral bases of affiliation under stress. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 15, 273–277. CrossRef
- Physiological Mechanisms Involved in Religiosity/Spirituality and Health
Kevin S. Seybold
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers