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02-03-2023

Perceived racial/ethnic discrimination and cigarette smoking behaviors among a sample of people with HIV

Auteurs: Silvana Agterberg, Andrea H. Weinberger, Cassandra A. Stanton, Jonathan Shuter

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine | Uitgave 5/2023

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Abstract

This study was a secondary analysis of baseline data from a clinical trial of an intensive group-based smoking cessation treatment for people with HIV (PWH) who smoke. It examined the cross-sectional relationship between perceived ethnic discrimination (PED) and cigarette smoking variables (i.e., nicotine dependence, motivation to quit smoking, self-efficacy to quit smoking) among PWH and explored whether depressive symptoms mediated the relationship between PED and smoking variables. Participants (N = 442; Mage = 50.6; 52.8% Male; 56.3% Black, non-Hispanic; 6.3% White, non-Hispanic; 13.3% Hispanic; 87.7% unemployed; 81.6% single) completed measures of demographics, cigarette smoking, depressive symptoms, and PED. Greater PED was related to lower self-efficacy to quit smoking, greater perceived stress, and greater depressive symptoms. In addition, depressive symptoms mediated the relationship between PED and two cigarette smoking variables (i.e., nicotine dependence, self-efficacy to quit smoking). Findings highlight the need for smoking interventions to target PED, self-efficacy, and depressive symptoms to improve smoking cessation variables among PWH.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Perceived racial/ethnic discrimination and cigarette smoking behaviors among a sample of people with HIV
Auteurs
Silvana Agterberg
Andrea H. Weinberger
Cassandra A. Stanton
Jonathan Shuter
Publicatiedatum
02-03-2023
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Behavioral Medicine / Uitgave 5/2023
Print ISSN: 0160-7715
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3521
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-023-00401-1

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