Skip to main content
Top
Gepubliceerd in:

02-03-2023 | Original Paper

Parents’ Social Anxiety, Authority Style and Accommodation are Associated with Symptom Severity in Children with Selective Mutism

Auteurs: Maayan Shorer, Zivit Ben-Haim, Orit Krispin, Noam Ben-Ami, Silvana Fennig

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 9/2023

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

This study examined whether parental psychopathology (depression and social anxiety), parenting styles (authoritative, authoritarian, permissive) and practice (parental accommodation), and parental beliefs about children’s anxiety are related to symptom severity in pediatric patients diagnosed with Selective Mutism (SM). Participants included 78 children, aged 3.5-8.5 years, with SM diagnosis, and their primary care-giving parent. The measures included clinical interviews, clinicians and parents’ reports, and behavioral observations. Clinician reports of less severe SM symptoms in children were associated with more positive parental beliefs about their children’s anxiety. Parents’ reports of less severe symptoms in their children were associated with lower levels of parental social anxiety and accommodations, as well as with more authoritative and authoritarian parenting styles. Parental accommodations mediated the relationship between parental social anxiety and severity of children’s symptoms, such that parents who are more socially anxious were also more accommodative, and this was related to greater SM severity. The findings of this study highlight important parenting characteristics involved in SM. These findings may lead to refining the psychological interventions for children with SM by allocating greater attention to parents’ characteristics.
Literatuur
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 5th ed. Washington, DC, USA. American Psychiatric Association (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 5th ed. Washington, DC, USA.
go back to reference Baumrind, D. (1967). Child care practices anteceding three patterns of preschool behavior. Genetic Psychology Monographs, 75(1), 43–88.PubMed Baumrind, D. (1967). Child care practices anteceding three patterns of preschool behavior. Genetic Psychology Monographs, 75(1), 43–88.PubMed
go back to reference Beck, A. T., Ward, C., Mendelson, M., Mock, J., & Erbaugh, J. (1961). Beck depression inventory (BDI). Archives of General Psychiatry, 4(6), 561–571.CrossRefPubMed Beck, A. T., Ward, C., Mendelson, M., Mock, J., & Erbaugh, J. (1961). Beck depression inventory (BDI). Archives of General Psychiatry, 4(6), 561–571.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Collins, W. A., Madsen, S. D., & Susman-Stillman, A. (2002). Parenting during middle childhood.‏ In M. H. Bronstein (Ed.) Handbook of Parenting: Children and Parenting. (pp. 73-103). Lawrence Erlbau Associates, Publishers. Collins, W. A., Madsen, S. D., & Susman-Stillman, A. (2002). Parenting during middle childhood.‏ In M. H. Bronstein (Ed.) Handbook of Parenting: Children and Parenting. (pp. 73-103). Lawrence Erlbau Associates, Publishers.
go back to reference Dow, S. P., Sonies, B. C., Scheib, D., Moss, S. E., & Leonard, H. L. (1995). Practical guidelines for the assessment and treatment of selective mutism. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 34(7), 836–846.CrossRef Dow, S. P., Sonies, B. C., Scheib, D., Moss, S. E., & Leonard, H. L. (1995). Practical guidelines for the assessment and treatment of selective mutism. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 34(7), 836–846.CrossRef
go back to reference Guy, W., & Bonato, R. (1970). CGI: The clinical global impression scale. Chevy Chase, MD: National Institute of Mental Health.‏ Guy, W., & Bonato, R. (1970). CGI: The clinical global impression scale. Chevy Chase, MD: National Institute of Mental Health.‏
go back to reference Kelly, T & Coogan, D (2020) Restoring the Parental Position in the Face of Emerging Childhood Challenges with Non Violent Resistance Feedback – the Journal of the Family Therapy Association of Ireland. Dublin, FTAI, Winter, 65–82. Kelly, T & Coogan, D (2020) Restoring the Parental Position in the Face of Emerging Childhood Challenges with Non Violent Resistance Feedback – the Journal of the Family Therapy Association of Ireland. Dublin, FTAI, Winter, 65–82.
go back to reference Kline, P. (1993). The handbook of psychological testing. London: Routledge. Kline, P. (1993). The handbook of psychological testing. London: Routledge.
go back to reference Kohavi, H. (2014). “The Fear does not Fall Far from the Tree”: Parental characteristics as related to children’s fears, and the effectiveness of an internet program for parents in reducing their children’s anxieties. Thesis submitted for the degree of “Doctor of Philosophy”, Tel-Aviv University, Israel. Kohavi, H. (2014). “The Fear does not Fall Far from the Tree”: Parental characteristics as related to children’s fears, and the effectiveness of an internet program for parents in reducing their children’s anxieties. Thesis submitted for the degree of “Doctor of Philosophy”, Tel-Aviv University, Israel.
go back to reference Lebowitz, E. R., & Omer, H. (2013). Treating childhood and adolescent anxiety: A guide for caregivers. John Wiley & Sons. Lebowitz, E. R., & Omer, H. (2013). Treating childhood and adolescent anxiety: A guide for caregivers. John Wiley & Sons.
go back to reference Liebowitz, M. R. (1987). Liebowitz Social Phobia Scale. Psyc. TESTS Dataset.‏ Liebowitz, M. R. (1987). Liebowitz Social Phobia Scale. Psyc. TESTS Dataset.‏
go back to reference Oerbeck, B., Stein, M. B., Wentzel‐Larsen, T., Langsrud, Ø., & Kristensen, H. (2014). A randomized controlled trial of a home and school‐based intervention for selective mutism–defocused communication and behavioural techniques. Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 19(3), 192–198. https://doi.org/10.1111/camh.12045.CrossRefPubMed Oerbeck, B., Stein, M. B., Wentzel‐Larsen, T., Langsrud, Ø., & Kristensen, H. (2014). A randomized controlled trial of a home and school‐based intervention for selective mutism–defocused communication and behavioural techniques. Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 19(3), 192–198. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1111/​camh.​12045.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Preacher, K. J., & Hayes, A. F. (2004). SPSS and SAS procedures for estimating indirect effects in simple mediation models. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers, 36(4), 717–731.CrossRef Preacher, K. J., & Hayes, A. F. (2004). SPSS and SAS procedures for estimating indirect effects in simple mediation models. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers, 36(4), 717–731.CrossRef
go back to reference Silverman, W. K., & Albano, A. M. (1996). Anxiety Disorders Interview Schedule for DSM–IV—Child and parent versions. San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corporation. Silverman, W. K., & Albano, A. M. (1996). Anxiety Disorders Interview Schedule for DSM–IV—Child and parent versions. San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corporation.
go back to reference Toppelberg, C. O., Tabors, D., Coggins, A., & Burger, C. (2005). Differential diagnosis of selective mutism in bilingual children. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 44(6), 592–595.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Toppelberg, C. O., Tabors, D., Coggins, A., & Burger, C. (2005). Differential diagnosis of selective mutism in bilingual children. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 44(6), 592–595.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Wood, J. J., Piacentini, J. C., Bergman, R. L., McCracken, J., & Barrios, V. (2002). Concurrent validity of the anxiety disorders section of the Anxiety Disorders Interview Schedule for DSM-IV: Child and Parent Versions. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychololgy, 31(3), 335–342. https://doi.org/10.1207/S15374424JCCP3103_05.CrossRef Wood, J. J., Piacentini, J. C., Bergman, R. L., McCracken, J., & Barrios, V. (2002). Concurrent validity of the anxiety disorders section of the Anxiety Disorders Interview Schedule for DSM-IV: Child and Parent Versions. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychololgy, 31(3), 335–342. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1207/​S15374424JCCP310​3_​05.CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Parents’ Social Anxiety, Authority Style and Accommodation are Associated with Symptom Severity in Children with Selective Mutism
Auteurs
Maayan Shorer
Zivit Ben-Haim
Orit Krispin
Noam Ben-Ami
Silvana Fennig
Publicatiedatum
02-03-2023
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 9/2023
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-023-02555-7

Andere artikelen Uitgave 9/2023

Journal of Child and Family Studies 9/2023 Naar de uitgave