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Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology 12/2019

13-06-2019

Parents’ Personality-Disorder Symptoms Predict Children’s Symptoms of Anxiety and Depressive Disorders – a Prospective Cohort Study

Auteurs: Silje Steinsbekk, Turid Suzanne Berg-Nielsen, Jay Belsky, Elisabeth Berg Helland, Marte Hågenrud, Andrea Raballo, Lars Wichstrøm

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 12/2019

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Abstract

Personality disorder (PD) symptomatology is characterized by interpersonal problems and emotional dysregulation, which may affect offspring of parents with PD symptoms. Notably though, studies are needed to discern (i) whether parental PDs forecast symptoms of psychiatric disorders in offspring during their childhood years and (ii) whether such prospective relations obtain after accounting for common causes (e.g., genetics, common methods). To address these issues, we followed up a community sample of Norwegian children biennially from ages 4 to 8 (n = 594), using a semi-structured psychiatric interview (PAPA/CAPA) to capture DSM-IV defined symptoms of emotional disorders. Parental symptoms of personality disorders were captured by the DSM-IV and ICD-10 Personality Questionnaire (DIP-Q), whereas depression and anxiety in caregivers were measured using the Beck Depression Inventory –II and Beck Anxiety Inventory, respectively. Upon applying a hybrid fixed and random effects method that takes into account all unmeasured time-invariant confounders, we found that: (i) Parental symptoms of DSM-IV defined Cluster A and C were related to symptoms of anxiety disorders in offspring two years later, even after accounting for children’s initial levels of anxiety and parental anxiety, whereas (ii) Parental DSM-IV Cluster B predicted symptoms of depressive disorders in children, adjusted for children’s initial levels of depression and parental depression. Clinical implications of the results are discussed.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Parents’ Personality-Disorder Symptoms Predict Children’s Symptoms of Anxiety and Depressive Disorders – a Prospective Cohort Study
Auteurs
Silje Steinsbekk
Turid Suzanne Berg-Nielsen
Jay Belsky
Elisabeth Berg Helland
Marte Hågenrud
Andrea Raballo
Lars Wichstrøm
Publicatiedatum
13-06-2019
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 12/2019
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-019-00568-9

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