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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 9/2021

16-11-2020 | Original Paper

Observed Social Emotional Behavior at 22 Months Predicts a Later ASD Diagnosis in High-Risk Siblings

Auteurs: Jessie B. Northrup, Nina B. Leezenbaum, Susan B. Campbell

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 9/2021

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Abstract

Social engagement, pretend play, and concern for another’s distress represent fundamental features of typical social-emotional development in the second year. Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) display delays and deficits in these areas, and research on toddlers at heightened risk for ASD (HR; younger siblings of children with ASD) indicates these deficits may be apparent in toddlerhood. Prior research has examined these aspects of social-emotional development individually in HR toddlers. The present paper examines them jointly as predictors of ASD. We show that social engagement, pretend play, and empathic concern at 22-months each contribute uniquely to predicting later ASD diagnosis with high specificity and moderate sensitivity. Results have important implications for early diagnosis and intervention in young children with ASD.

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Voetnoten
1
Analyses were originally run without doing this second standardization of composite scores; however, this made interpretation of results significantly more cumbersome. The re-standardizing of composite scores does not change any results, but allows us to interpret one-unit differences as one standard deviation differences, making results much more interpretable.
 
2
Note that the odds ratios reported in Table 3 are the odds of having ASD given scores 1 SD higher than the mean. In order to report on the odds ratio of having ASD given scores 1 SD lower than the mean, we took the inverse of the odds ratio (1/odds ratio).
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Observed Social Emotional Behavior at 22 Months Predicts a Later ASD Diagnosis in High-Risk Siblings
Auteurs
Jessie B. Northrup
Nina B. Leezenbaum
Susan B. Campbell
Publicatiedatum
16-11-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 9/2021
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-020-04789-6