Skip to main content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness 10/2022

05-09-2022 | ORIGINAL PAPER

Nonattachment at Work on Well-being Among Working Adults in Hong Kong

Auteurs: Emily W. S. Tsoi, Alan C. Y. Tong, Winnie W. S. Mak

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 10/2022

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Objectives

Nonattachment has been found to be a potentially important mental quality in mitigating psychological distress and promoting well-being across student and community adult populations. This study investigated the relationships between nonattachment and three workplace-related variables, namely control at work, psychological safety, and supervisor support, on mental well-being of a representative sample of working adults in Hong Kong.

Methods

This is a cross-sectional investigation using the data provided by 1008 working adults who participated in a population-based telephone survey. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was performed to test how nonattachment may be related to mental well-being of working adults, with the relationship being mediated by three workplace-related variables.

Results

Results indicated that nonattachment was positively associated with flourishing. This association was mediated by perceived supervisor support and control at work. In addition, nonattachment was negatively related to depression and anxiety symptoms and the association was only mediated by perceived supervisor support. Psychological safety did not significantly mediate the effect of nonattachment on mental well-being.

Conclusions

This study provides suggestive evidence that staff’s perception towards supervisors and level of control at work can bridge the relationship between nonattachment and employee well-being. Potential cultural nuance that may have contributed to the nonsignificance of psychological safety was discussed.
Literatuur
go back to reference Agarwal, M. M. (1982). Philosophy of non-attachment The way to spiritual freedom in Indian thought. Motilal Banarsidass Publications. Agarwal, M. M. (1982). Philosophy of non-attachment The way to spiritual freedom in Indian thought. Motilal Banarsidass Publications.
go back to reference Bond, F. W., & Hayes, S. C. (2002). ACT at work. In F. W. Bond & W. Dryden (Eds.), Handbook of brief cognitive behaviour therapy (pp. 117–139). John Wiley & Sons. CrossRef Bond, F. W., & Hayes, S. C. (2002). ACT at work. In F. W. Bond & W. Dryden (Eds.), Handbook of brief cognitive behaviour therapy (pp. 117–139). John Wiley & Sons. CrossRef
go back to reference Child, D. (2006). The essentials of factor analysis (3rd ed.). Bloomsbury Academic. Child, D. (2006). The essentials of factor analysis (3rd ed.). Bloomsbury Academic.
go back to reference Colquitt, J. A., LePine, J. A., & Wesson, M. J. (2015). Organizational behavior: Improving performance and commitment in the workplace (4th ed.). McGraw-Hill. Colquitt, J. A., LePine, J. A., & Wesson, M. J. (2015). Organizational behavior: Improving performance and commitment in the workplace (4th ed.). McGraw-Hill.
go back to reference Edmondson, A. C. (2004). Psychological safety, trust, and learning in organizations: A group-level lens. In R. M. Kramer & K. S. Cook (Eds.), Trust and distrust in organizations: Dilemmas and approaches (pp. 239–272). Russell Sage Foundation. Edmondson, A. C. (2004). Psychological safety, trust, and learning in organizations: A group-level lens. In R. M. Kramer & K. S. Cook (Eds.), Trust and distrust in organizations: Dilemmas and approaches (pp. 239–272). Russell Sage Foundation.
go back to reference Ellemers, N., Haslam, S. A., Platow, M. J., & van Knippenberg, D. (2003). Social identity at work: Developments, debates, directions. In S. A. Haslam, D. van Knippenberg, M. J. Platow, & N. Ellemers (Eds.), Social identity at work: Developing theory for organizational practice (pp. 3–26). Psychology Press. Ellemers, N., Haslam, S. A., Platow, M. J., & van Knippenberg, D. (2003). Social identity at work: Developments, debates, directions. In S. A. Haslam, D. van Knippenberg, M. J. Platow, & N. Ellemers (Eds.), Social identity at work: Developing theory for organizational practice (pp. 3–26). Psychology Press.
go back to reference Glomb, T. M., Duffy, M. K., Bono, J. E., & Yang, T. (2011). Mindfulness at work. In A. Joshi, H. Liao, & J. J. Martocchio (Eds.), Research in personnel and human resources management (pp. 115–157). Emerald Group Publishing Limited. CrossRef Glomb, T. M., Duffy, M. K., Bono, J. E., & Yang, T. (2011). Mindfulness at work. In A. Joshi, H. Liao, & J. J. Martocchio (Eds.), Research in personnel and human resources management (pp. 115–157). Emerald Group Publishing Limited. CrossRef
go back to reference Grabovac, A. D., Lau, M. A., & Willett, B. R. (2011). Mechanisms of mindfulness: A Buddhist psychological model. Mindfulness, 2(3), 154–166. CrossRef Grabovac, A. D., Lau, M. A., & Willett, B. R. (2011). Mechanisms of mindfulness: A Buddhist psychological model. Mindfulness, 2(3), 154–166. CrossRef
go back to reference Hair, J. F., Black, W. C., & Anderson, R. E. (2010). Multivariate data analysis: A global perspective. Prentice Hall. Hair, J. F., Black, W. C., & Anderson, R. E. (2010). Multivariate data analysis: A global perspective. Prentice Hall.
go back to reference Halevy, N., & Sagiv, L. (2008). Teams within and across cultures. In P. B. Smith, M. F. Peterson, & D. C. Thomas (Eds.), Handbook of cross-cultural management research (pp. 253–268). Sage. CrossRef Halevy, N., & Sagiv, L. (2008). Teams within and across cultures. In P. B. Smith, M. F. Peterson, & D. C. Thomas (Eds.), Handbook of cross-cultural management research (pp. 253–268). Sage. CrossRef
go back to reference Kabat-Zinn, J. (2009). Full catastrophe living: Using the wisdom of your body and mind to face stress, pain, and illness. Delta. Kabat-Zinn, J. (2009). Full catastrophe living: Using the wisdom of your body and mind to face stress, pain, and illness. Delta.
go back to reference Kain, J. and Jex, S. (2010). Karasek's (1979) Job demands-control model: A summary of current issues and recommendations for future research. In P.L. Perrewé & D.C. Ganster (Eds.), New developments in theoretical and conceptual approaches to job stress (pp. 237–268). Emerald Group Publishing Limited. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1108/​S1479-3555(2010)0000008009 Kain, J. and Jex, S. (2010). Karasek's (1979) Job demands-control model: A summary of current issues and recommendations for future research. In P.L. Perrewé & D.C. Ganster (Eds.), New developments in theoretical and conceptual approaches to job stress (pp. 237–268). Emerald Group Publishing Limited. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1108/​S1479-3555(2010)0000008009
go back to reference Kroenke, K., Spitzer, R. L., Williams, J. B., & Löwe, B. (2009). An ultra-brief screening scale for anxiety and depression: The PHQ–4. Psychosomatics, 50(6), 613–621. PubMed Kroenke, K., Spitzer, R. L., Williams, J. B., & Löwe, B. (2009). An ultra-brief screening scale for anxiety and depression: The PHQ–4. Psychosomatics, 50(6), 613–621. PubMed
go back to reference Lam, L. C. W., Wong, C. S. M., Wang, M. J., Chan, W. C., Chen, E. Y. H., Ng, R. M. K., Hung, C. F., Cheung, E. F. C., Sham, P. C., Chiu, H. F. K., & Lam, M. (2015). Prevalence, psychosocial correlates and service utilization of depressive and anxiety disorders in Hong Kong: The Hong Kong Mental Morbidity Survey (HKMMS). Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 50(9), 1379–1388. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s00127-015-1014-5 CrossRefPubMed Lam, L. C. W., Wong, C. S. M., Wang, M. J., Chan, W. C., Chen, E. Y. H., Ng, R. M. K., Hung, C. F., Cheung, E. F. C., Sham, P. C., Chiu, H. F. K., & Lam, M. (2015). Prevalence, psychosocial correlates and service utilization of depressive and anxiety disorders in Hong Kong: The Hong Kong Mental Morbidity Survey (HKMMS). Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 50(9), 1379–1388. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s00127-015-1014-5 CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Langer, E. J. (1983). The psychology of control. Sage. Langer, E. J. (1983). The psychology of control. Sage.
go back to reference Leung, K. (2012). Different carrots for different rabbits: Effects of individualism–collectivism and power distance on work motivation. In M. Erez, U. Kleinbeck, & H. Thierry (Eds.), Work motivation in the context of a globalizing economy (pp. 328–338). Psychology Press. Leung, K. (2012). Different carrots for different rabbits: Effects of individualism–collectivism and power distance on work motivation. In M. Erez, U. Kleinbeck, & H. Thierry (Eds.), Work motivation in the context of a globalizing economy (pp. 328–338). Psychology Press.
go back to reference Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (2009). Mplus. Statistical analysis with latent variables. User’s guide (7th ed.). Yumpu. Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (2009). Mplus. Statistical analysis with latent variables. User’s guide (7th ed.). Yumpu.
go back to reference Ostafin, B. D. (2015). Taming the wild elephant: Mindfulness and its role in overcoming automatic mental processes. In B. D. Ostafin, M. D. Robinson, & B. P. Meier (Eds.), Handbook of mindfulness and self-regulation (pp. 47–63). Springer Science. CrossRef Ostafin, B. D. (2015). Taming the wild elephant: Mindfulness and its role in overcoming automatic mental processes. In B. D. Ostafin, M. D. Robinson, & B. P. Meier (Eds.), Handbook of mindfulness and self-regulation (pp. 47–63). Springer Science. CrossRef
go back to reference Pande, N., & Naidu, R. K. (1992). Anāsakti and health: A study of non-attachment. Psychology and Developing Societies, 4(1), 89–104. CrossRef Pande, N., & Naidu, R. K. (1992). Anāsakti and health: A study of non-attachment. Psychology and Developing Societies, 4(1), 89–104. CrossRef
go back to reference Salari, N., Hosseinian-Far, A., Jalali, R., Vaisi-Raygani, A., Rasoulpoor, S., Mohammadi, M., Rasoulpoor, S., & Khaledi-Paveh, B. (2020). Prevalence of stress, anxiety, depression among the general population during the COVID-19 pandemic: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Globalization and Health, 16(1), 1–11. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1186/​s12992-020-00589-w CrossRef Salari, N., Hosseinian-Far, A., Jalali, R., Vaisi-Raygani, A., Rasoulpoor, S., Mohammadi, M., Rasoulpoor, S., & Khaledi-Paveh, B. (2020). Prevalence of stress, anxiety, depression among the general population during the COVID-19 pandemic: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Globalization and Health, 16(1), 1–11. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1186/​s12992-020-00589-w CrossRef
go back to reference Sumedho, A. (1989). Now is the knowing. Amaravati Publications. Sumedho, A. (1989). Now is the knowing. Amaravati Publications.
go back to reference Tajfel, H., & Turner, J. C. (1979). An integrative theory of intergroup conflict. In W. G. Austin & S. Worchel (Eds.), The social psychology of intergroup relations (pp. 33–47). Brooks/Cole. Tajfel, H., & Turner, J. C. (1979). An integrative theory of intergroup conflict. In W. G. Austin & S. Worchel (Eds.), The social psychology of intergroup relations (pp. 33–47). Brooks/Cole.
go back to reference Upadhyay, P. P., & Vashishtha, A. C. (2014). Effect of anasakti and level of post job satisfaction on employees. International Journal of Indian Psychology, 2(1), 100–107. Upadhyay, P. P., & Vashishtha, A. C. (2014). Effect of anasakti and level of post job satisfaction on employees. International Journal of Indian Psychology, 2(1), 100–107.
Metagegevens
Titel
Nonattachment at Work on Well-being Among Working Adults in Hong Kong
Auteurs
Emily W. S. Tsoi
Alan C. Y. Tong
Winnie W. S. Mak
Publicatiedatum
05-09-2022
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 10/2022
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-022-01971-y

Andere artikelen Uitgave 10/2022

Mindfulness 10/2022 Naar de uitgave