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01-04-2015 | Original Article | Uitgave 2/2015

Child Psychiatry & Human Development 2/2015

Multi-Domain Predictors of Oppositional Defiant Disorder Symptoms in Preschool Children: Cross-Informant Differences

Tijdschrift:
Child Psychiatry & Human Development > Uitgave 2/2015
Auteurs:
John V. Lavigne, Katharine P. Dahl, Karen R. Gouze, Susan A. LeBailly, Joyce Hopkins

Abstract

Existing research suggests that parent and teacher reports of children’s behavior problems are often discrepant. The current study examined whether contextual (stress and family conflict), parent (depression), parenting (hostility, support, and scaffolding), and child factors (receptive vocabulary; negative affect, NA; effortful control, EC; inhibitory control, IC; attachment; and sensory regulation, SR) are related to parent–teacher reporting discrepancies. Participants included a community sample of 344 4-year-old children. A multi-informant approach was used to assess contextual, parent, parenting, and child factors. Parents and teachers completed the Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) scale of the Child Symptom Inventory. Consistent with previous data, there was poor agreement between parents and teachers (r = .17). After correcting for multiple comparisons, child effortful control, parent hostility, and family conflict were significant predictors of parent-rated symptoms of ODD symptoms but not teacher-rated ODD symptoms. Only family conflict was a significant predictor of discrepancies in parent and teacher ratings.

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