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04-05-2023

Medical mistrust, culturally targeted message framing, and colorectal cancer screening among African Americans

Auteurs: Olivia Aspiras, Todd Lucas, Hayley S. Thompson, Mark A. Manning

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine | Uitgave 5/2023

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Abstract

Mistrust in the information and treatment provided by medical professionals and organizations hinders cancer screening among African Americans. However, its impact on responses to health messaging aimed at bolstering screening uptake is unknown. The present study examined the effects of medical mistrust on message framing and culturally targeted health messaging about colorectal cancer (CRC) screening. Screening eligible African Americans (N = 457) completed the Group-Based Medical Mistrust scale and then viewed an informational video about CRC risks, prevention, and screening, during which all participants received either a gain or loss-framed message about screening. Half of participants received an additional culturally targeted screening message. After messaging, all participants completed Theory of Planned Behavior measures of CRC screening receptivity, as well as items assessing expectations about experiencing racism when obtaining CRC screening (i.e., anticipatory racism). Hierarchical multiple regressions showed that medical mistrust predicted lower screening receptivity and greater anticipatory racism. Additionally, effects of health messaging were moderated by medical mistrust. Among participants high in mistrust, targeted messaging—regardless of message frame—bolstered normative beliefs about CRC. Additionally, only targeted loss-framed messaging bolstered attitudes toward CRC screening. Although targeted messaging reduced anticipatory racism among participants with high mistrust, anticipatory racism did not mediate messaging effects. Findings indicate medical mistrust may be an important culturally-relevant individual difference to attend to in addressing CRC screening disparities, including its potential to impact responses to cancer screening messaging.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Medical mistrust, culturally targeted message framing, and colorectal cancer screening among African Americans
Auteurs
Olivia Aspiras
Todd Lucas
Hayley S. Thompson
Mark A. Manning
Publicatiedatum
04-05-2023
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Behavioral Medicine / Uitgave 5/2023
Print ISSN: 0160-7715
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3521
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-023-00415-9

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