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05-01-2021 | Original Paper

Maternal History of Childhood Violence in the Context of a Parenting Program

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Child and Family Studies
Auteurs:
Elisa Rachel Pisani Altafim, Rebeca Cristina de Oliveira, Maria Beatriz Martins Linhares
Belangrijke opmerkingen
Publisher’s note Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Abstract

The present study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a universal parenting program of violence prevention against children to improve the parenting practices in groups of mothers differentiated by the presence or not of a history of adverse childhood experiences. The study also aimed to characterize the types of violence experienced by the participants. A mixed-methods approach was used with qualitative and quantitative analyzes. The study sample consisted of 125 mothers of 3- to 8-year-old children. Mothers participated in the ACT-Raising Safe Kids Program with pre- and post-intervention evaluations. A self-report questionnaire was used to assess mothers’ parenting practices (emotional and behavioral regulation, communication, and positive discipline). After the intervention, an individual interview was carried out, including open-ended questions about the participants’ history of relationship with their parents and violence and maltreatment situations in their childhood. For the analysis, the mothers were divided into two groups, with a history of violence in childhood (VG; n = 103) and without violence in childhood (CG; n = 24). Results showed a high prevalence (81%) of mothers who reported violent episodes in their childhood, predominantly physical abuse. In the ACT post-intervention, both groups of mothers reported improvements in all dimensions of their parenting practices. In conclusion, the mothers improved their parenting practices after participation in a preventive program, regardless of their history of violence in childhood.

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