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09-05-2021 | Original Article

Lifetime Prevalence, Predictors and Comorbidities of Tic Disorders: A Population—Based Survey of Children and Adolescents in Iran

Auteurs: Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, Rahim Badrfam, Ali Khaleghi, Nastaran Ahmadi, Zahra Hooshyari, Atefeh Zandifar

Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development | Uitgave 5/2022

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Abstract

In this population-based survey, we have evaluated the lifetime prevalence of tic disorders and related sociodemographic factors and comorbidities of them. The data obtained from face-to-face interviews with 29,885 children and adolescents aged 6–18 years. We used the multistage cluster sampling method and a cross-sectional design. Tic disorders and other psychiatric disorders were assessed using the Persian version of the Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia-Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL). The lifetime prevalence of tic disorders was 1.5% (95% CI  (1.3–1.7%)). The highest prevalence was in the age range of 15–18 years old with 1.9% (95% CI  (1.6–2.3%)).57.7% (95% CI 51.8–63.3%) of patients with tic disorders had comorbidity with other psychiatric disorders. Increasing the prevalence of tic disorder with increasing age among Iranian children and adolescents, emphasizes the need to pay more attention to use of pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments and increase education to families in this regard.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Lifetime Prevalence, Predictors and Comorbidities of Tic Disorders: A Population—Based Survey of Children and Adolescents in Iran
Auteurs
Mohammad Reza Mohammadi
Rahim Badrfam
Ali Khaleghi
Nastaran Ahmadi
Zahra Hooshyari
Atefeh Zandifar
Publicatiedatum
09-05-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Child Psychiatry & Human Development / Uitgave 5/2022
Print ISSN: 0009-398X
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3327
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-021-01186-7

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