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Gepubliceerd in: Tijdschrift voor Gerontologie en Geriatrie 4/2008

01-08-2008 | Artikel

Levenswaardering bij ouderen (LWO): de validering van een meetinstrument

Auteurs: K. Knipscheer, N. M. van Schoor, B. W. J. H. Penninx, J. H. Smit

Gepubliceerd in: Tijdschrift voor Gerontologie en Geriatrie | Uitgave 4/2008

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Samenvatting

De doelstelling van dit onderzoek is de aanpassing en validering van een door Lawton en collega’s ontwikkelde schaal “Valuation of Life”, door ons vertaald als Levenswaardering. Lawton et al. ontwikkelden deze schaal om te laten zien dat naast de gezondheidsgerelateerde kwaliteit-van-leven (GKvL) er een andere kwaliteitsdimensie is die inzicht kan verschaffen in de subjectieve gezondheidsutiliteit op latere leeftijd, waaronder opvattingen over de gewenste levensduur en/of over levensverlenging en –beëindiging. Na een geautoriseerde vertaling is de schaal geïmplementeerd in de vierde waarneming van de LASA studie (2001-2002). In totaal hebben 1139 respondenten van 65-95 jaar de schaal ingevuld. Uitgebreide structuuranalyses leidden tot de conclusie dat de oorspronkelijke 19-item schaal tot een schaal van Levenswaarderingbij- Ouderen van 12 items kan worden gereduceerd, welke op te delen valt in drie subschalen: Veerkracht, Ambitie en Levenslust. Er blijkt nauwelijks overlap te zijn met de GKvL terwijl de overlap met min of meer objectieve gezondheidsmaten (discriminante validiteit) beperkt blijft. Er blijkt wel een verwantschap met de zg. positieve zelfbelevingsmaten (concurrente validiteit). We concluderen dan ook dat de LWO-schaal de waardering meet die iemand aan het leven hecht, waarbij er in de schaal-items geen enkele expliciete verwijzing is naar gezondheidsaspecten. De uiteindelijke toets voor het belang van de LWO-schaal zal moeten blijken in de onafhankelijke voorspellende kracht van de gezondheidsutiliteit die in een volgend artikel nader onderzocht gaat worden.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Levenswaardering bij ouderen (LWO): de validering van een meetinstrument
Auteurs
K. Knipscheer
N. M. van Schoor
B. W. J. H. Penninx
J. H. Smit
Publicatiedatum
01-08-2008
Uitgeverij
Bohn Stafleu van Loghum
Gepubliceerd in
Tijdschrift voor Gerontologie en Geriatrie / Uitgave 4/2008
Print ISSN: 0167-9228
Elektronisch ISSN: 1875-6832
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03078142

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