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11-04-2015 | Original Paper | Uitgave 12/2015

Journal of Child and Family Studies 12/2015

Investigating Relationships Between Paternal Perception of the Role of the Father and Paternal Feeding Practices

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Child and Family Studies > Uitgave 12/2015
Auteurs:
Rachel L. Vollmer, Kari Adamsons, Jaime S. Foster, Amy R. Mobley

Abstract

A father’s perception of his role or, how his partner views his role, at mealtimes influences his feeding practices is currently unknown. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of father-reported maternal and paternal perceptions of the role of the father on child feeding practices, as well as child body weight. Biological fathers of varied racial, ethnic, education, and income backgrounds (n = 150) of preschool age children from a Northeastern state in the United States were interviewed one-on-one using the Role of the Father Questionnaire to assess a father’s perception of his role and of his partner’s perception of his role in mealtimes and The Child Feeding Questionnaire to assess paternal feeding practices. Height and weight for each father and child were measured. Linear regression was used to examine the relationship between the role of the father, paternal feeding practices and child BMI z-score. Overall, the findings revealed that only the father’s perception of his role at mealtimes was associated with higher perceived responsibility for child feeding (β = .033, p = 0.020), and lower use of controlling feeding practices, including pressure to eat (β = −.048, p = 0.029) and restriction (β = −.030, p = 0.05) and was not moderated by the father’s appraisal of his partner’s perception of his role at mealtimes. Thus, a father’s beliefs regarding his role at mealtimes, and not his views of the mother’s perception, may be related to his own feeding practices.

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