Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies 3/2014

01-04-2014 | Original Paper

Internalizing Symptoms in Female Adolescents: Associations with Emotional Awareness and Emotion Regulation

Auteurs: Jennifer M. Eastabrook, Jessica J. Flynn, Tom Hollenstein

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 3/2014

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

The transition into adolescence involves a number of changes that for many adolescents result in increased negative affect and internalizing symptoms, especially for females. In the current study we examined the direct and indirect effects of emotional awareness on internalizing symptoms by exploring the extent to which certain emotion regulation strategies influence this relationship. Participants were 123 female adolescents aged 13–16 years (M = 14.51 years) who completed measures of emotional awareness, emotion regulation (emotional reappraisal and expressive suppression), and symptoms of depression and social anxiety. Two multiple indirect effect models were conducted including both reappraisal and suppression (one for each of the dependent variables, depression and social anxiety) via the bootstrapping method. Results found that reappraisal accounted for the effect of emotional awareness on depressive symptoms but suppression accounted for the effect of emotional awareness on social anxiety symptoms. Results suggest that emotion regulation strategies play an important role in determining depressive and social anxiety symptoms and are associated with an adolescent’s level of emotional awareness.
Literatuur
go back to reference Bearman, S. K., Stice, E., & Chase, A. (2003). Evaluation of an intervention targeting both depressive and bulimic pathology: A randomized prevention trial. Behavior Therapy, 34, 277–292. doi: 10.​1016/​S0005-7894(03)80001-1. Bearman, S. K., Stice, E., & Chase, A. (2003). Evaluation of an intervention targeting both depressive and bulimic pathology: A randomized prevention trial. Behavior Therapy, 34, 277–292. doi: 10.​1016/​S0005-7894(03)80001-1.
go back to reference Berenbaum, H., Raghavan, C., Le, H., Vernon, L. L., & Gomez, J. J. (2003). A taxonomy of emotional disturbances. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 10, 206–226. doi: 10.​1093/​clipsy/​bpg011. Berenbaum, H., Raghavan, C., Le, H., Vernon, L. L., & Gomez, J. J. (2003). A taxonomy of emotional disturbances. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 10, 206–226. doi: 10.​1093/​clipsy/​bpg011.
go back to reference Brooks-Gunn, J., & Warren, M. P. (1989). Biological and social contributions to negative affect in young adolescent girls. Child Development, 60, 40–55. doi: 10.​2307/​1131069. PubMed Brooks-Gunn, J., & Warren, M. P. (1989). Biological and social contributions to negative affect in young adolescent girls. Child Development, 60, 40–55. doi: 10.​2307/​1131069. PubMed
go back to reference Buck, R. (1991). Temperament, social skills, and the communication of emotion: A developmental-interactionist view. In D. G. Gilbert & J. J. Connolly (Eds.), Personality, social skills, and psychopathology: An individual differences approach. Perspectives on individual differences (pp. 85–105). New York, NY: Plenum Press. Buck, R. (1991). Temperament, social skills, and the communication of emotion: A developmental-interactionist view. In D. G. Gilbert & J. J. Connolly (Eds.), Personality, social skills, and psychopathology: An individual differences approach. Perspectives on individual differences (pp. 85–105). New York, NY: Plenum Press.
go back to reference Buckley, M., & Saarni, C. (2006). Skills of emotional competence: Developmental implications. In J. Ciarrochi, J. P. Forgas, & J. D. Mayer (Eds.), Emotional intelligence in everyday life (2nd ed., pp. 51–76). New York: Psychology Press. Buckley, M., & Saarni, C. (2006). Skills of emotional competence: Developmental implications. In J. Ciarrochi, J. P. Forgas, & J. D. Mayer (Eds.), Emotional intelligence in everyday life (2nd ed., pp. 51–76). New York: Psychology Press.
go back to reference Carthy, T., Horesh, N., Apter, A., & Gross, J. (2010). Patterns of emotional reactivity and regulation in children with anxiety disorders. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 32, 23–36. doi: 10.​1007/​s10862-009-9167-8. Carthy, T., Horesh, N., Apter, A., & Gross, J. (2010). Patterns of emotional reactivity and regulation in children with anxiety disorders. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 32, 23–36. doi: 10.​1007/​s10862-009-9167-8.
go back to reference Cicchetti, D., Ackerman, B. P., & Izard, C. E. (1995). Emotions and emotion regulation in developmental psychopathology. Development and Psychopathology. Special Issue: Emotions in Developmental Psychopathology, 7, 1–10. doi: 10.​1017/​S095457940000630​1. Cicchetti, D., Ackerman, B. P., & Izard, C. E. (1995). Emotions and emotion regulation in developmental psychopathology. Development and Psychopathology. Special Issue: Emotions in Developmental Psychopathology, 7, 1–10. doi: 10.​1017/​S095457940000630​1.
go back to reference Cole, P. M., Michel, M. K., & Teti, L. O. (1994). The development of emotion regulation and dysregulation: A clinical perspective. Monographs of the Society for Research on Child Development, 59, 73–100. doi: 10.​2307/​1166139. Cole, P. M., Michel, M. K., & Teti, L. O. (1994). The development of emotion regulation and dysregulation: A clinical perspective. Monographs of the Society for Research on Child Development, 59, 73–100. doi: 10.​2307/​1166139.
go back to reference Collins, W. A. (1990). Parent-child relationships in the transition to adolescence: Continuity and change in interaction, affect, and cognition. In R. Montemayor, G. R. Adams, & T. P. Gullotta (Eds.), From childhood to adolescence: A transitional period? (pp. 85–106). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc. Collins, W. A. (1990). Parent-child relationships in the transition to adolescence: Continuity and change in interaction, affect, and cognition. In R. Montemayor, G. R. Adams, & T. P. Gullotta (Eds.), From childhood to adolescence: A transitional period? (pp. 85–106). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.
go back to reference Collins, W. A., & Russell, G. (1991). Mother-child and father-child relationships in middle childhood and adolescence: A developmental analysis. Developmental Review, 11, 99–136. doi: 10.​1016/​0273-2297(91)90004-8. Collins, W. A., & Russell, G. (1991). Mother-child and father-child relationships in middle childhood and adolescence: A developmental analysis. Developmental Review, 11, 99–136. doi: 10.​1016/​0273-2297(91)90004-8.
go back to reference Denham, S. A. (1998). Emotional development in young children. The Guilford series on social and emotional development. New York, NY: Guilford Press. Denham, S. A. (1998). Emotional development in young children. The Guilford series on social and emotional development. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Esteves, F., Dimberg, U., & Ohman, A. (1994). Automatically elicited fear: Conditioned skin conductance responses to masked facial expressions. Cognition and Emotion, 8, 393–413. doi: 10.​1080/​0269993940840894​9. Esteves, F., Dimberg, U., & Ohman, A. (1994). Automatically elicited fear: Conditioned skin conductance responses to masked facial expressions. Cognition and Emotion, 8, 393–413. doi: 10.​1080/​0269993940840894​9.
go back to reference Feldman Barrett, L., Gross, J., Christensen, T. C., & Benvenuto, M. (2001). Knowing what you’re feeling and knowing what to do about it: Mapping the relation between emotion differentiation and emotion regulation. Cognition and Emotion, 15, 713–724. doi: 10.​1080/​0269993014300023​9. Feldman Barrett, L., Gross, J., Christensen, T. C., & Benvenuto, M. (2001). Knowing what you’re feeling and knowing what to do about it: Mapping the relation between emotion differentiation and emotion regulation. Cognition and Emotion, 15, 713–724. doi: 10.​1080/​0269993014300023​9.
go back to reference Fine, S. E., Izard, C. E., Mostow, A. J., Trentacosta, C. J., & Ackerman, B. P. (2003). First grade emotion knowledge as a predictor of fifth grade self-reported internalizing behaviors in children from economically disadvantaged families. Development and Psychopathology, 15, 331–342. doi: 10.​1017/​S095457940300018​X. PubMed Fine, S. E., Izard, C. E., Mostow, A. J., Trentacosta, C. J., & Ackerman, B. P. (2003). First grade emotion knowledge as a predictor of fifth grade self-reported internalizing behaviors in children from economically disadvantaged families. Development and Psychopathology, 15, 331–342. doi: 10.​1017/​S095457940300018​X. PubMed
go back to reference Galambos, N. L., Leadbeater, B. J., & Barker, E. T. (2004). Gender differences in and risk factors for depression in adolescence: A 4-year longitudinal study. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 28, 16–25. doi: 10.​1080/​0165025034400023​5. Galambos, N. L., Leadbeater, B. J., & Barker, E. T. (2004). Gender differences in and risk factors for depression in adolescence: A 4-year longitudinal study. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 28, 16–25. doi: 10.​1080/​0165025034400023​5.
go back to reference Garber, J., Braafladt, N., & Weiss, B. (1995). Affect regulation in depressed and nondepressed children and young adolescents. Development and Psychopathology. Special Issue: Emotions in Developmental Psychopathology, 7, 93–115. doi: 10.​1017/​S095457940000636​2. Garber, J., Braafladt, N., & Weiss, B. (1995). Affect regulation in depressed and nondepressed children and young adolescents. Development and Psychopathology. Special Issue: Emotions in Developmental Psychopathology, 7, 93–115. doi: 10.​1017/​S095457940000636​2.
go back to reference Gottman, J. M., Katz, L. F., & Hooven, C. (1997). Meta-emotion: How families communicate emotionally. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc. Gottman, J. M., Katz, L. F., & Hooven, C. (1997). Meta-emotion: How families communicate emotionally. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
go back to reference Gratz, K. L., & Roemer, L. (2004). Multidimensional assessment of emotion regulation and dysregulation: Development, factor structure, and initial validation of the difficulties in emotion regulation scale. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 26, 41–53. doi: 10.​1023/​B:​JOBA.​0000007455.​08539.​94. Gratz, K. L., & Roemer, L. (2004). Multidimensional assessment of emotion regulation and dysregulation: Development, factor structure, and initial validation of the difficulties in emotion regulation scale. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 26, 41–53. doi: 10.​1023/​B:​JOBA.​0000007455.​08539.​94.
go back to reference Greenberg, L. S. (2002). Emotion-focused therapy: Coaching clients to work through their feelings. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. Greenberg, L. S. (2002). Emotion-focused therapy: Coaching clients to work through their feelings. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
go back to reference Gross, J. J. (2007). Handbook of emotion regulation. New York, NY: Guilford Press. Gross, J. J. (2007). Handbook of emotion regulation. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Gross, J. J., Richards, J. M., & John, O. P. (2006). Emotion regulation in everyday life. In D. K. Snyder, J. Simpson, & J. N. Hughes (Eds.), Emotion regulation in couples and families: Pathways to dysfunction and health (pp. 13–35). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. Gross, J. J., Richards, J. M., & John, O. P. (2006). Emotion regulation in everyday life. In D. K. Snyder, J. Simpson, & J. N. Hughes (Eds.), Emotion regulation in couples and families: Pathways to dysfunction and health (pp. 13–35). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
go back to reference Gross, J. J., & Thompson, R. A. (2007). Emotion regulation: Conceptual foundations. New York, NY: Guilford Press. Gross, J. J., & Thompson, R. A. (2007). Emotion regulation: Conceptual foundations. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Hubbard, J. A., & Coie, J. D. (1994). Emotional correlates of social competence in children’s peer relationships. Merrill- Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology. Special Issue: Children’s Emotions and Social Competence, 40, 1–20. Retrieved from http://​www.​asu.​edu/​clas/​ssfd/​mpq/​. Hubbard, J. A., & Coie, J. D. (1994). Emotional correlates of social competence in children’s peer relationships. Merrill- Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology. Special Issue: Children’s Emotions and Social Competence, 40, 1–20. Retrieved from http://​www.​asu.​edu/​clas/​ssfd/​mpq/​.
go back to reference Izard, C. E., Woodburn, E. M., Finlon, K. J., Krauthamer-Ewing, E. S., Grossman, S. R., & Seidenfeld, A. (2011). Emotion knowledge, emotion utilization, and emotion regulation. Emotion Review, 3, 44–52. doi: 10.​1177/​1754073910380972​. Izard, C. E., Woodburn, E. M., Finlon, K. J., Krauthamer-Ewing, E. S., Grossman, S. R., & Seidenfeld, A. (2011). Emotion knowledge, emotion utilization, and emotion regulation. Emotion Review, 3, 44–52. doi: 10.​1177/​1754073910380972​.
go back to reference Kovacs, M. (1992). Children’s Depression Inventory (CDI). New York: Multi-health Systems, Inc. Kovacs, M. (1992). Children’s Depression Inventory (CDI). New York: Multi-health Systems, Inc.
go back to reference Lahaye, M., Luminet, O., Broeck, N., Bodart, E., & Mikolajczak, M. (2010). Psychometric properties of the emotion awareness questionnaire for children in a French-speaking population. Journal of Personality Assessment, 92, 317–326. doi: 10.​1080/​00223891.​2010.​482003. PubMed Lahaye, M., Luminet, O., Broeck, N., Bodart, E., & Mikolajczak, M. (2010). Psychometric properties of the emotion awareness questionnaire for children in a French-speaking population. Journal of Personality Assessment, 92, 317–326. doi: 10.​1080/​00223891.​2010.​482003. PubMed
go back to reference Laurenceau, J., Barrett, L. F., & Pietromonaco, P. R. (1998). Intimacy as an interpersonal process: The importance of self-disclosure and partner disclosure, and perceived partner responsiveness in interpersonal exchanges. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74, 1238–1251. doi: 10.​1037/​0022-3514.​74.​5.​1238. PubMed Laurenceau, J., Barrett, L. F., & Pietromonaco, P. R. (1998). Intimacy as an interpersonal process: The importance of self-disclosure and partner disclosure, and perceived partner responsiveness in interpersonal exchanges. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74, 1238–1251. doi: 10.​1037/​0022-3514.​74.​5.​1238. PubMed
go back to reference Lewinsohn, P. M., Hops, H., Roberts, R. E., Seeley, J. R., & Andrews, J. A. (1993). Adolescent psychopathology: I. Prevalence and incidence of depression and other DSM-III-R disorders in high school students. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 102, 133–144. doi: 10.​1037/​0021-843X.​102.​1.​133. PubMed Lewinsohn, P. M., Hops, H., Roberts, R. E., Seeley, J. R., & Andrews, J. A. (1993). Adolescent psychopathology: I. Prevalence and incidence of depression and other DSM-III-R disorders in high school students. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 102, 133–144. doi: 10.​1037/​0021-843X.​102.​1.​133. PubMed
go back to reference Mallet, P., & Rodriguez-Tome, G. (1999). Social anxiety with peers in 9- to 14-year-olds. Developmental process and relations with self-consciousness and perceived peer acceptance. European Journal of Psychology of Education, 14, 387–402. doi: 10.​1007/​BF03173122. Mallet, P., & Rodriguez-Tome, G. (1999). Social anxiety with peers in 9- to 14-year-olds. Developmental process and relations with self-consciousness and perceived peer acceptance. European Journal of Psychology of Education, 14, 387–402. doi: 10.​1007/​BF03173122.
go back to reference Mayer, J. D., & Salovey, P. (1997). What is emotional intelligence? In P. Salovey & D. J. Sluyter (Eds.), Emotional development and emotional intelligence: Educational implications (pp. 3–34). New York, NY: Basic Books. Mayer, J. D., & Salovey, P. (1997). What is emotional intelligence? In P. Salovey & D. J. Sluyter (Eds.), Emotional development and emotional intelligence: Educational implications (pp. 3–34). New York, NY: Basic Books.
go back to reference Osofsky, J. D. (1992). Affective development and early relationships: Clinical implications. In J. W. Barron, M. N. Eagle, & D. L. Wolitzky (Eds.), Interface of psychoanalysis and psychology (pp. 233–244). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. Osofsky, J. D. (1992). Affective development and early relationships: Clinical implications. In J. W. Barron, M. N. Eagle, & D. L. Wolitzky (Eds.), Interface of psychoanalysis and psychology (pp. 233–244). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
go back to reference Quigley, K. S., & Feldman Barrett, L. (1999). Emotional learning and mechanisms of intentional psychological change. In J. Brandtstadter & R. M. Lerner (Eds.), Action and development: Origins and functions of intentional self-development (pp. 435–464). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Quigley, K. S., & Feldman Barrett, L. (1999). Emotional learning and mechanisms of intentional psychological change. In J. Brandtstadter & R. M. Lerner (Eds.), Action and development: Origins and functions of intentional self-development (pp. 435–464). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
go back to reference Reis, H. T., & Shaver, P. (1988). Intimacy as an interpersonal process. In S. W. Duck (Ed.), Handbook of personal relationships (pp. 367–389). New York: Wiley. Reis, H. T., & Shaver, P. (1988). Intimacy as an interpersonal process. In S. W. Duck (Ed.), Handbook of personal relationships (pp. 367–389). New York: Wiley.
go back to reference Ruys, K. I., Stapel, D. A., & Aarts, H. (2011). From (unconscious) perception to emotion: A global-to-specific unfolding view of emotional responding. In I. Nyklicek, A. Vingerhoets, & M. Zeelenberg (Eds.), Emotion regulation and well-being (pp. 49–65). New York, NY: Springer Science. Ruys, K. I., Stapel, D. A., & Aarts, H. (2011). From (unconscious) perception to emotion: A global-to-specific unfolding view of emotional responding. In I. Nyklicek, A. Vingerhoets, & M. Zeelenberg (Eds.), Emotion regulation and well-being (pp. 49–65). New York, NY: Springer Science.
go back to reference Saarni, C. (1999). The development of emotional competence. The Guildford series on social and emotional development. New York, NY: Guildford Press. Saarni, C. (1999). The development of emotional competence. The Guildford series on social and emotional development. New York, NY: Guildford Press.
go back to reference Saarni, C. (2000). Emotional competence: A developmental perspective. In R. Bar-On & J. D. A. Parker (Eds.), The handbook of emotional intelligence: Theory, development, assessment, and application at home, school, and in the workplace (pp. 68–91). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass. Saarni, C. (2000). Emotional competence: A developmental perspective. In R. Bar-On & J. D. A. Parker (Eds.), The handbook of emotional intelligence: Theory, development, assessment, and application at home, school, and in the workplace (pp. 68–91). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
go back to reference Schwarz, N., & Clore, G. L. (1996). Feelings and phenomenal experiences. In E. T. Higgins & A. Kruglanski (Eds.), Social psychology: Handbook of basic principles (pp. 433–465). New York: Guilford Press. Schwarz, N., & Clore, G. L. (1996). Feelings and phenomenal experiences. In E. T. Higgins & A. Kruglanski (Eds.), Social psychology: Handbook of basic principles (pp. 433–465). New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Smucker, M. R., Craighead, W. E., Craighead, L. W., & Green, B. J. (1986). Normative and reliability data for the children’s depression inventory. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 14, 25–39. doi: 10.​1007/​BF00917219. PubMed Smucker, M. R., Craighead, W. E., Craighead, L. W., & Green, B. J. (1986). Normative and reliability data for the children’s depression inventory. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 14, 25–39. doi: 10.​1007/​BF00917219. PubMed
go back to reference Stegge, H., & Terwogt, M. M. (2007). Awareness and regulation of emotion in typical and atypical development. In J. J. Gross (Ed.), Handbook of emotion regulation (pp. 269–286). New York, NY: Guilford Press. Stegge, H., & Terwogt, M. M. (2007). Awareness and regulation of emotion in typical and atypical development. In J. J. Gross (Ed.), Handbook of emotion regulation (pp. 269–286). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Thompson, R. A. (1990). Emotion and self-regulation. Nebraska Symposium on Motivation, 1988: Socioemotional development. Current theory and research in motivation (Vol. 36, pp. 367–467). Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press. Thompson, R. A. (1990). Emotion and self-regulation. Nebraska Symposium on Motivation, 1988: Socioemotional development. Current theory and research in motivation (Vol. 36, pp. 367–467). Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press.
go back to reference Watson, E. B. (2007). Emotion regulation in affluent adolescents: Investigating the relationship between regulation and functioning. Doctoral dissertation. Available from ProQuest Information and Learning Company (UMI No. 3285 193). Watson, E. B. (2007). Emotion regulation in affluent adolescents: Investigating the relationship between regulation and functioning. Doctoral dissertation. Available from ProQuest Information and Learning Company (UMI No. 3285 193).
go back to reference Watson, D., Weber, K., Assenheimer, J. S., Clark, L. A., Strauss, M. E., & McCormick, R. A. (1995). Testing a tripartite model: I. Evaluating the convergent and discriminant validity of anxiety and depression symptom scales. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 104, 3–14. doi: 10.​1037/​0021-843X.​104.​1.​3. PubMed Watson, D., Weber, K., Assenheimer, J. S., Clark, L. A., Strauss, M. E., & McCormick, R. A. (1995). Testing a tripartite model: I. Evaluating the convergent and discriminant validity of anxiety and depression symptom scales. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 104, 3–14. doi: 10.​1037/​0021-843X.​104.​1.​3. PubMed
go back to reference Weinberg, A., & Klonsky, E. D. (2009). Measurement of emotion dysregulation in adolescents. Psychological Assessment, 21, 616–621. Weinberg, A., & Klonsky, E. D. (2009). Measurement of emotion dysregulation in adolescents. Psychological Assessment, 21, 616–621.
go back to reference Weiss, B., Weisz, J. R., Politano, M., Carey, M., Nelson, W. M., & Finch, A. J. (1991). Developmental differences in the factor structure of the children’s depression inventory. Psychological Assessment: A Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 3, 38–45. doi: 10.​1037/​1040-3590.​3.​1.​38. Weiss, B., Weisz, J. R., Politano, M., Carey, M., Nelson, W. M., & Finch, A. J. (1991). Developmental differences in the factor structure of the children’s depression inventory. Psychological Assessment: A Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 3, 38–45. doi: 10.​1037/​1040-3590.​3.​1.​38.
go back to reference Westenberg, P. M., Drewes, M. J., Goedhart, A. W., Siebelink, B. M., & Treffers, P. D. A. (2004). A developmental analysis of self-reported fears in late childhood through mid-adolescence: Social-evaluative fears on the rise? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 45, 481–495. doi: 10.​1111/​j.​1469-7610.​2004.​00239.​x. PubMed Westenberg, P. M., Drewes, M. J., Goedhart, A. W., Siebelink, B. M., & Treffers, P. D. A. (2004). A developmental analysis of self-reported fears in late childhood through mid-adolescence: Social-evaluative fears on the rise? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 45, 481–495. doi: 10.​1111/​j.​1469-7610.​2004.​00239.​x. PubMed
go back to reference Yap, M. B., Allen, N. B., & Sheeber, L. (2007). Using an emotion regulation framework to understand the role of temperament and family processes in risk for adolescent depressive disorders. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 10, 180–196. doi: 10.​1007/​s10567-006-0014-0. PubMed Yap, M. B., Allen, N. B., & Sheeber, L. (2007). Using an emotion regulation framework to understand the role of temperament and family processes in risk for adolescent depressive disorders. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 10, 180–196. doi: 10.​1007/​s10567-006-0014-0. PubMed
go back to reference Zeman, J., Shipman, K., & Suveg, C. (2002). Anger and sadness regulation: Predictions to internalizing and externalizing symptoms in children. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 31, 393–398. doi: 10.​1207/​1537442027600826​58. PubMed Zeman, J., Shipman, K., & Suveg, C. (2002). Anger and sadness regulation: Predictions to internalizing and externalizing symptoms in children. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 31, 393–398. doi: 10.​1207/​1537442027600826​58. PubMed
Metagegevens
Titel
Internalizing Symptoms in Female Adolescents: Associations with Emotional Awareness and Emotion Regulation
Auteurs
Jennifer M. Eastabrook
Jessica J. Flynn
Tom Hollenstein
Publicatiedatum
01-04-2014
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 3/2014
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-012-9705-y

Andere artikelen Uitgave 3/2014

Journal of Child and Family Studies 3/2014 Naar de uitgave