Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Youth in military families experience a relatively unique set of stressors that can put them at risk for numerous psychological and behavior problems. Thus, there is a need to identify potential mechanisms by which children can gain resiliency against these stressors. One potential mechanism that has yet to be empirically studied with military youth is social networking sites (SNSs). SNSs have gained significant popularity among society, especially youth. Given the significance of these communication tools in youths’ lives, it is important to analyze how SNS use may affect military youth and their ability to cope with common military life stressors. The current review examines the potential positive and negative consequences associated with SNS use in coping with three common stressors of youth in military families: parent deployment, frequent relocation, and having a family member with a psychological or physical disability. By drawing from SNS and military literature, we predict that SNS use can be a positive tool for helping children in military families to cope with stressors. However, certain SNS behaviors can potentially result in more negative outcomes. Recommendations for future research are also discussed.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Adler, A., & Castro, C. (2001). U.S. soldiers and peacekeeping deployments. Pentagon Technical Report A584293. U.S. Army Medical Research and Material.
American Psychological Association. (2007). Presidential task force report on military deployment services for youth, families and service members. The psychological needs of US service members and their families: A preliminary report. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Association, National. Military. Family. (2004). Serving the home front: An analysis of military family support from September 11, 2001 through March 31, 2004. Alexandria: National Military Family Association.
Baym, N. K. (2015). Personal connections in the digital age. Hoboken: Wiley.
Blue Star Families. (2013). Everyone serves: A handbook for family & friends of service members. New York: NBC Publishing.
Boyd, D. M., & Ellison, N. B. (2007). Social network sites: Definition, history, and scholarship. Journal of Computer Communication, 13, 210–230.
Bradshaw, C. P., Sudhinaraset, M., Mmari, K., & Blum, R. W. (2010). School transitions among military adolescents: A qualitative study of stress and coping. School Psychology Review, 39, 84–105.
Card, N. A., Bosch, L., Casper, D. M., Wiggs, C. B., Hawkins, S. A., Schlomer, G. L., & Borden, L. M. (2011). A meta-analytic review of internalizing, externalizing, and academic adjustment among children of deployed military service members. Journal of Family Psychology, 25, 508–520. CrossRefPubMed
Chandra, A., Lara-Cinisomo, S., Jaycox, L. H., Tanielian, T., Han, B., & Burns, R. M. (2013). Views from the homefront: The experiences of youth and spouses from military families. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation, 2011.
Cooney, R., De Angelis, K., & Segal, M. W. (2011). Moving with the military: Race, class, and gender differences in the employment consequences of tied migration. Race, Gender & Class, 18, 360–384.
Cornille, T. A. (1993). Support systems and the relocation process for children and families. Marriage & Family Review, 19, 281–298. CrossRef
Cozza, S. J., Guimond, J. M., McKibben, J., Chun, R. S., Arata-Maiers, T. L., Schneider, B., & Ursano, R. J. (2010). Combat-injured service members and their families: The relationship of child distress and spouse-perceived family distress and disruption. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 23, 112–115. PubMed
DeAndrea, D. C., Ellison, N. B., LaRose, R., Steinfield, C., & Fiore, A. (2012). Serious social media: On the use of social media for improving students’ adjustment to college. The Internet and Higher Education, 15, 15–23. CrossRef
Department of Defense. (2013). 2013 Demographics: Profile of the military community. Washington: Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense.
Department of Defense Education Activity. (2011). Military K– 12 partners: A DoDEA partnership program. http://www.militaryk12partners.dodea.edu/index.cfm.
Doty, J., & Dworkin, J. (2014). Parents’ of adolescents use of social networking sites. Computers in Human Behavior, 33, 349–355. CrossRef
Drummet, A. R., Coleman, M., & Cable, S. (2003). Military families under stress: Implications for family life education. Family Relations, 52, 279–287. CrossRef
Ellison, N. B., Steinfield, C., & Lampe, C. (2011). Connection strategies: Social capital implications of Facebook-enabled communication practices. New Media & Society. doi: 10.1177/1461444810385389.
Ellison, N. B., Vitak, J., Gray, R., & Lampe, C. (2014). Cultivating social resources on social network sites: Facebook relationship maintenance behaviors and their role in social capital processes. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 19, 855–870. CrossRef
Fernandez-Pol, B. (1988). Does the military family syndrome exist? Military Medicine, 153, 418–420. PubMed
Figley, C. (1993). Coping with stressors on the home front. Journal of Social Issues, 49, 51–71. CrossRef
Gentzler, A. L., Oberhauser, A. M., Westerman, D., & Nadorff, D. K. (2011). College students’ use of electronic communication with parents: Links to loneliness, attachment, and relationship quality. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 14, 71–74. CrossRef
Gonzales, A. L., & Hancock, J. T. (2011). Mirror, mirror on my Facebook wall: Effects of exposure to Facebook on self-esteem. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 14, 79–83. CrossRef
Gorczynski, P., Patel, H., & Ganguli, R. (2013). Evaluating the accuracy, quality, and readability of online physical activity, exercise, and sport information for people with schizophrenia. Mental Health and Physical Activity, 6, 95–99. CrossRef
Good, A., Sambhantham, A., & Panjganj, V. (2013). Looking back at Facebook content and the positive impact upon wellbeing: exploring reminiscing as a tool for self soothing. In A. Ozok & P. Zaphiris (Eds.), Online communities and social computing (pp. 278–286). Berlin: Springer. CrossRef
Grieve, R., Indian, M., Witteveen, K., Tolan, G. A., & Marrington, J. (2013). Face-to-face or Facebook: Can social connectedness be derived online? Computers in Human Behavior, 29, 604–609. CrossRef
Hazan, C., & Zeifman, D. (1994). Sex and the psychological tether. In D. Perlman & K. Bartholomew (Eds.), Advances in personal relationships (pp. 151–180). London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
Herzog, J. R., Everson, R. B., & Whitworth, J. D. (2011). Do secondary trauma symptoms in spouses of combat-exposed national guard soldiers mediate impacts of soldiers’ trauma exposure on their children? Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 28, 459–473. CrossRef
Hisle-Gorman, E., Harrington, D., Nylund, C. M., Tercyak, K. P., Anthony, B. J., & Gorman, G. H. (2015). Impact of parents’ wartime military deployment and injury on young children’s safety and mental health. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 54, 294–301. CrossRefPubMed
Hosek, J., Kavanagh, J. E., & Miller, L. L. (2006). How deployments affect service members. Santa Monica: RAND Corporation. CrossRef
Huang, G. C., Soto, D., Fujimoto, K., & Valente, T. W. (2014). The interplay of friendship networks and social networking sites: Longitudinal analysis of selection and influence effects on adolescent smoking and alcohol use. American Journal of Public Health, 104, e51–e59. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Huebner, A. J., Mancini, J. A., Wilcox, R. M., Grass, S. R., & Grass, G. A. (2007). Parental deployment and youth in military families: Exploring uncertainty and ambiguous loss. Family Relations, 56, 112–122. CrossRef
Institute of Medicine. (2013). Returning home from Iraq and Afghanistan: Assessment of readjustment needs of veterans, service members, and their families. Washington: The National Academies Press.
Jacobsen, W. C., & Forste, R. (2011). The wired generation: Academic and social outcomes of electronic media use among university students. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 14, 275–280. CrossRef
Kanter, M., Afifi, T., & Robbins, S. (2012). The impact of parents “friending” their young adult child on Facebook on perceptions of parental privacy invasions and parent–child relationship quality. Journal of Communication, 62, 900–917. CrossRef
Laranjo, L., Arguel, A., Neves, A. L., Gallagher, A. M., & Lau, A. Y. (2015). The influence of social networking sites on health behavior change: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, 22, 243–256. PubMed
Lenhart, A., & Page, D. (2015). Teen, social media and technology overview 2015. Pew Research Center. http://www.pewinternet.org/2015/04/09/teens-social-media-technology-2015.
Li, H., Wang, J., & Wang, L. (2009). A survey on the generalized problematic internet use in Chinese college students and its relations to stressful life events and coping style. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 7, 333–346. CrossRef
Marchant, K. H., & Medway, F. J. (1987). Adjustment and achievement associated with mobility in military families. Psychology in the Schools, 24, 289–294. CrossRef
Mesch, G. S. (2009). Parental mediation, online activities, and cyberbullying. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 12, 387–393. CrossRef
Mmari, K. N., Bradshaw, C. P., Sudhinaraset, M., & Blum, R. (2010). Exploring the role of social connectedness among military youth: Perceptions from youth, parents, and school personnel. Child & Youth Care Forum, 39, 351–366. CrossRef
Moorhead, S. A., Hazlett, D. E., Harrison, L., Carroll, J. K., Irwin, A., & Hoving, C. (2013). A new dimension of health care: Systematic review of the uses, benefits, and limitations of social media for health communication. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 15, e85. doi: 10.2196/jmir.1933. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Morris, A. S., & Age, T. R. (2009). Adjustment among youth in military families: The protective roles of effortful control and maternal social support. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 30, 695–707. CrossRef
Morrison, J. (1981). Rethinking the military family syndrome. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 138, 354–357. PubMed
Oishi, S., Kesebir, S., Miao, F. F., Talhelm, T., Endo, Y., Uchida, Y., & Norasakkunkit, V. (2013). Residential mobility increases motivation to expand social network: But why? Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 49, 217–223. CrossRef
Orthner, D. K., Giddings, M. M., & Quinn, W. (1987). Youth in transition: A study of adolescents from military and civilian families. Washington: Department of the Air Force.
Palmer, C. (2008). A theory of risk and resilience factors in military families. Military Psychology, 20, 205–217. CrossRef
Patchin, J. W., & Hinduja, S. (2006). Bullies move beyond the schoolyard: A preliminary look at cyberbullying. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, 4, 148–169. CrossRef
Pincus, S., House, R., Christenson, J., & Adler, L. (2005). The emotional cycle of deployment: A military family perspective. http://www.hooah4health.com/deployment/familymatters/emotionalcycle2.htm.
Power, P. (1985). Family coping behaviours in chronic illness: A rehabilitation perspective. Rehabilitation Literature, 46, 78–83. PubMed
PR Newswire. (2015). Facebook reports first quarter 2015 results. http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/facebook-reports-first-quarter-2015-results-300070539.html.
Rice, S. M., Goodall, J., Hetrick, S. E., Parker, A. G., Gilbertson, T., Amminger, G. P., & Alvarez-Jimenez, M. (2014). Online and social networking interventions for the treatment of depression in young people: A systematic review. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 16, e206. doi: 10.2196/jmir.3304. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Rosen, L. D. (2007). Me, MySpace, and I: Parenting the net generation. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Sampasa-Kanyinga, H., & Lewis, R. F. (2015). Frequent use of social networking sites is associated with poor psychological functioning among children and adolescents. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 18, 380–385. CrossRef
Sengupta, A., & Chaudhuri, A. (2011). Are social networking sites a source of online harassment for teens? Evidence from survey data. Children and Youth Services Review, 33, 284–290. CrossRef
Song, H., Zmyslinski-Seelig, A., Kim, J., Drent, A., Victor, A., Omori, K., & Allen, M. (2014). Does Facebook make you lonely? A meta analysis. Computers in Human Behavior, 36, 446–452. CrossRef
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2007). Results from the 2006 national survey on drug use and health: National findings. Rockville: Office of Applied Studies.
Tanielian, T., & Jaycox, L. (2008). Invisible wounds of war: Psychological and cognitive injuries, their consequences, and services to assist recovery. Santa Monica: RAND Corporation.
Twitter. (2015). Twitter usage/company facts. https://about.twitter.com/company.
Vitak, J. (2014). Facebook makes the heart grow fonder. In Proceedings of the 17th ACM conference on computer supported cooperative work & social computing— CSCW’14, pp. 842–853. doi: 10.1145/2531602.2531726.
Wiens, T. W., & Boss, P. (2006). Maintaining family resiliency before, during, and after military separation. In C. Castro & A. Adler (Eds.), The psychology of serving in peace and combat (Vol. 3): The military family (pp. 13–38). Westport, CT: Praeger Security International.
Winter, S., Brückner, C., & Krämer, N. C. (2015). They came, they liked, they commented: Social influence on Facebook news channels. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 18, 431–436. CrossRef
- Impact of Social Networking Sites on Children in Military Families
Austen B. McGuire
Ric G. Steele
- Springer US