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24-05-2021 | Original Article

Higher Order Repetitive Negative Thinking Is More Robustly Related to Depression, Anxiety, and Mania Than Measures of Rumination or Worry

Auteurs: Suraj Samtani, Michelle L. Moulds, Sheri L. Johnson, Thomas Ehring, Matthew P. Hyett, Rebecca Anderson, Peter M. McEvoy

Gepubliceerd in: Cognitive Therapy and Research | Uitgave 1/2022

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Abstract

Background

Repetitive thinking (RT) has been defined as prolonged, recurrent thought about oneself and one’s experiences. Recent studies have shown that various measures of RT load onto a common factor and predict symptoms of depression and anxiety. The relationship with mania symptoms, however, remains underexplored. The current study examined the common versus unique variance across a wide range of measures of RT, and the relationship between measures of RT and symptoms of anxiety, depression, and mania.

Methods

Participants (N = 2088) were recruited from the United States, Australia, and the Netherlands. Participants were administered various measures of RT and measures of depression, anxiety, and mania symptoms.

Results

Single and bifactor models were examined. A bifactor model—accounting for both a common factor and unique variance within each measure—explained the data well, indicating that disorder specific measures of RT can be combined to measure a higher order RT factor. The common factor also significantly correlated with symptoms of depression, anxiety, and mania.

Conclusions

Our findings indicate that combining measures of RT can help public health researchers predict not only depression and anxiety, but also symptoms of mania.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Higher Order Repetitive Negative Thinking Is More Robustly Related to Depression, Anxiety, and Mania Than Measures of Rumination or Worry
Auteurs
Suraj Samtani
Michelle L. Moulds
Sheri L. Johnson
Thomas Ehring
Matthew P. Hyett
Rebecca Anderson
Peter M. McEvoy
Publicatiedatum
24-05-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Cognitive Therapy and Research / Uitgave 1/2022
Print ISSN: 0147-5916
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2819
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-021-10235-3

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