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26-06-2021 | Original Article

Narcissistic Reflections After Social Rejection: Grandiose and Vulnerable Narcissism in Terms of Explicit and Implicit Interpretation Bias

Auteurs: Michal Weiss, Jonathan D. Huppert

Gepubliceerd in: Cognitive Therapy and Research | Uitgave 1/2022

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Abstract

Background

Grandiose and vulnerable narcissism (GN/VN) are theorized to form two opposite coping strategies aimed at regulating self-esteem in face of a threat, especially negative feedback in social context. To test this, we examined the relationships of GN and VN with self-appraisals in social context, and hypothesized that GN would predict positive explicit self-appraisals, and less positive implicit self-appraisals, whereas VN would predict negative explicit self-appraisals, and less negative implicit self-appraisals. We also hypothesized that social rejection would increase the negativity of all predictions except for a more positive GN-explicit self-appraisals relationship.

Methods

Israeli undergraduates (N = 117) were randomly allocated to social rejection (n = 58) or control (n = 59) conditions. Social rejection was induced via the Cyberball.

Results

Under control and rejection conditions, Higher VN predicted negative explicit self-appraisals, whereas higher GN predicted positive explicit self-appraisals. However, only following rejection, higher VN predicted negative implicit self-appraisals and higher GN predicted positive implicit self-appraisals, though to a lesser extent than they predicted explicit self-appraisals.

Conclusions

We concluded that narcissistic explicit strategies are stable and unaffected by social situations. However, rejection may affect automatic processes congruent with the narcissistic strategy.
Voetnoten
1
SDS was used as one of the screening variables in order to make sure data are reliable. Removing this screening criterion had no effect on the results.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Narcissistic Reflections After Social Rejection: Grandiose and Vulnerable Narcissism in Terms of Explicit and Implicit Interpretation Bias
Auteurs
Michal Weiss
Jonathan D. Huppert
Publicatiedatum
26-06-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Cognitive Therapy and Research / Uitgave 1/2022
Print ISSN: 0147-5916
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2819
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-021-10245-1

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