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28-11-2020

Health care access and health-related quality of life among people with diabetes in the Southern Cone of Latin America—a cross-sectional analysis of data of the CESCAS I study

Tijdschrift:
Quality of Life Research
Auteurs:
Nadja Kartschmit, Andrea Beratarrechea, Laura Gutiérrez, Ana Soledad Cavallo, Adolfo Luis Rubinstein, Vilma Irazola
Belangrijke opmerkingen

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s11136-020-02704-1) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Abstract

Purpose

Little is known on the association of health care access and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in people with diabetes in the Southern Cone of Latin America (SCLA).

Methods

We analyzed data of 1025 participants of CESCAS I. To determine HRQoL, we used the SF-12 physical (PCS-12) and mental component summary (MCS-12). We compared four groups regarding HRQoL: (a) insured people without self-reported barriers to health care, (b) uninsured people without self-reported barriers to health care, (c) insured people with self-reported barriers to health care, and (d) uninsured people with self-reported barriers to health care. We conducted linear regressions with PCS-12 and MCS-12 as outcome. We adjusted for sociodemographic and disease-related factors and having access to a primary physician.

Results

In the first group, there were 407, in the second 471, in the third 44, and in the fourth group 103 participants. Compared to the first group, PCS-12 was 1.9 points lower (95% Confidence Interval, CI: − 3.5, − 0.3) in the second, 4.5 points (95% CI: − 8.1, − 1) lower in the third, and 6.1 points lower (95% CI: − 8.7, − 3.6) in the fourth group. Compared to the first group, MCS-12 was 0.6 points lower (95% CI: − 2.7, 1.4) in the second, 4.8 points lower (95% CI: − 9.3, − 0.3) in the third, and 5.8 points lower (95% CI: − 9.1, − 2.5) in the fourth group.

Conclusion

In the SCLA, impeded access to care is common in people with diabetes. Self-reported barriers to care may be more important than insurance status in determining HRQoL.

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