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Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research 5/2021

14-01-2021

Gender differences in quality of life, physical activity, and risk of hypertension among sedentary occupation workers

Auteurs: Hanan E. Badr, Shashidhar Rao, Fahad Manee

Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research | Uitgave 5/2021

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Abstract

Purpose

This study aimed to explore gender differences among sedentary occupation workers with regard to their quality of life (QoL), physical activity, and risk for high blood pressure, and to identify factors associated with QoL.

Methods

A convenience sample of 2562 employees from randomly selected ten ministries in Kuwait completed self-administered questionnaires. Collected data included employees’ socio-demographic characteristics, levels of QoL (using World Health Organization QoL-Brief tool), and physical activity (using the New Zealand Physical Activity Questionnaire Short Form), and anthropometric measures of weight, height, and blood pressure. Multinomial regression analysis, Chi-square, ANOVA, and student’s t tests were implemented. A p value of 0.05 was considered significant.

Results

Participants’ mean age was 35.3 years. QoL mean scores were total QoL (74.7), physical health (81.1), psychological health (75.4), social relationship (71.1), and environment (70.8). Females showed worse level of QoL, better physical activity, and higher prevalence of hypertension relative to males. Multinomial regression analysis revealed that female gender, low educational attainability, poor income, high job ranks, shorter working years, obesity, physical inactivity, hypertension, or having at least one chronic illness significantly correlated to fair and poor QoL.

Conclusion

Sedentary occupation workers reported modest level of QoL and were at high risk of hypertension. Socio-demographic factors, physical activity, and health status were correlated to QoL. Gender differences existed in QoL, physical activity, and risk of hypertension. Improving employees’ QoL through adopting strategies to promote healthy lifestyle in work settings should be activated. Further studies are recommended to explore cultural factors that drive gender differences in QoL.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Gender differences in quality of life, physical activity, and risk of hypertension among sedentary occupation workers
Auteurs
Hanan E. Badr
Shashidhar Rao
Fahad Manee
Publicatiedatum
14-01-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer International Publishing
Gepubliceerd in
Quality of Life Research / Uitgave 5/2021
Print ISSN: 0962-9343
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2649
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-020-02741-w