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Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness 5/2019

07-11-2018 | ORIGINAL PAPER

Facets of Mindfulness in Adults with Generalized Anxiety Disorder and Impact of Co-occurring Depression

Auteurs: Amanda W. Baker, Madelyn R. Frumkin, Susanne S. Hoeppner, Nicole J. LeBlanc, Eric Bui, Stefan G. Hofmann, Naomi M. Simon

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 5/2019

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Abstract

Anxiety and depressive symptoms are associated with lower levels of mindfulness, yet few studies to date have examined facets of mindfulness in adults with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). In this study, we examined differences in mindfulness between individuals with GAD with and without concurrent major depressive disorder (MDD) and/or dysthymic disorder (DD). We also examined the associations of anxiety and depressive symptoms with facets (subscales) of mindfulness. We hypothesized that individuals with primary GAD and co-occurring MDD/DD would exhibit lower mindfulness than those without a concurrent depressive disorder. We also hypothesized that mindfulness would be negatively correlated with worry and depressive symptom severity. Subjects were 140 adults (M (SD) age = 33.4 (12.9); 73% female) with a primary diagnosis of GAD; 30.8% (n = 43) also met criteria for current MDD/DD as determined by a structured clinical interview for DSM-IV. Current worry and depressive symptoms were assessed using self-report measures at baseline of a 12-week treatment study. Individuals with GAD and co-occurring MDD/DD exhibited significantly lower mindfulness than those without a depressive disorder diagnosis and specifically lower scores on the Awareness sub-scale compared to individuals with primary GAD and no comorbid depression. In terms of the dimensional impact of worry and depression ratings, depression symptoms independently predicted lower Awareness scores and worry independently predicted lower levels of Nonreacting and Nonjudging sub-scales.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Facets of Mindfulness in Adults with Generalized Anxiety Disorder and Impact of Co-occurring Depression
Auteurs
Amanda W. Baker
Madelyn R. Frumkin
Susanne S. Hoeppner
Nicole J. LeBlanc
Eric Bui
Stefan G. Hofmann
Naomi M. Simon
Publicatiedatum
07-11-2018
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 5/2019
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-018-1059-0

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