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05-08-2016 | Uitgave 2/2017 Open Access

Quality of Life Research 2/2017

Expectations of younger patients concerning activities after knee arthroplasty: are we asking the right questions?

Tijdschrift:
Quality of Life Research > Uitgave 2/2017
Auteurs:
Suzanne Witjes, Rutger C. I. van Geenen, Koen L. M. Koenraadt, Cor P. van der Hart, Leendert Blankevoort, Gino M. M. J. Kerkhoffs, P. Paul F. M. Kuijer

Abstract

Purpose

Indications for total and unicondylar knee arthroplasty (KA) have expanded to younger patients, in which Patient-Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) often show ceiling effects. This might be due to higher expectations. Our aims were to explore expectations of younger patients concerning activities in daily life, work and leisure time after KA and to assess to what extent PROMs meet and evaluate these activities of importance.

Methods

Focus groups were performed among osteoarthritis (OA) patients <65 years awaiting KA, in which they indicated what activities they expected to perform better in daily life, work and leisure time after KA. Additionally, 28 activities of daily life, 17 of work and 27 of leisure time were depicted from seven PROMS, which were rated on importance, frequency and bother. A total score, representing motivation for surgery, was also calculated.

Results

Data saturation was reached after six focus groups including 37 patients. Younger OA patients expect to perform better on 16 activities after KA, including high-impact leisure time activities. From the PROMs, daily life and work activities were rated high in both importance and motivation for surgery, but for leisure time activities importance varied highly between patients. All seven PROMs score activities of importance, but no single PROM incorporates all activities rated important.

Conclusion

Younger patients expect to perform better on many activities of daily life, work and leisure time after KA, and often at demanding levels. To measure outcomes of younger patients, we suggest using PROMs that include work and leisure time activities besides daily life activities, in which preferably scored activities can be individualized.

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