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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies 3/2022

30-08-2021 | Original Paper

Examining Differences in Parenting Stress, Parenting Efficacy, and Household Context among Mothers of Youth with Autism and/or ADHD

Auteurs: Hillary K. Schiltz, Alana J. McVey, Kelsey Gonring, Angela D. Haendel, Christina Murphy, Amy Vaughan Van Hecke, Alyson Gerdes

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 3/2022

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Abstract

Parents of youth with neurodevelopmental disorders experience unique stressors in family functioning when compared to parents of neurotypical youth. A paucity of research, however, has examined differences in parenting experiences across families of youth with varying neurodevelopmental disorder presentations. This paper focuses on two common and frequently co-occurring conditions: autism spectrum disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). In this study, we compared parenting stress, parenting efficacy, and the household context across a sample of 90 mothers of adolescents ages 11–16 years with (1) autism, (2) ADHD, or (3) autism and clinically-elevated ADHD symptoms (Autism + ADHD). Our findings demonstrated differences in all three domains of family functioning across these diagnostic groups. Mothers of adolescents in the Autism + ADHD group endorsed greater stress than mothers of adolescents in the Autism alone group. Parenting efficacy and the household context were poorest (i.e., low efficacy and high chaos) among mothers of adolescents with ADHD and significantly greater than in the Autism alone group. Given our results, we highlight the importance of accounting for co-occurring symptomatology in these populations in research and clinical practice. This will help to accurately capture unique needs of the family system and make appropriate treatment recommendations that leverage families’ strengths and are sensitive to family stressors.

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Voetnoten
1
The phrase “with autism” is used to refer to adolescents with diagnoses of autism spectrum disorder. Person-first language is used in this paper upon the journal’s request.
 
2
The IRB for the larger ADHD study has been closed and, thus, since de-identified data were analyzed here, ages of those youth were unavailable.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Examining Differences in Parenting Stress, Parenting Efficacy, and Household Context among Mothers of Youth with Autism and/or ADHD
Auteurs
Hillary K. Schiltz
Alana J. McVey
Kelsey Gonring
Angela D. Haendel
Christina Murphy
Amy Vaughan Van Hecke
Alyson Gerdes
Publicatiedatum
30-08-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 3/2022
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-021-02083-2