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13-10-2016 | Original Paper

Evaluation of the ADHD Rating Scale in Youth with Autism

Auteurs: Benjamin E. Yerys, Jenelle Nissley-Tsiopinis, Ashley de Marchena, Marley W. Watkins, Ligia Antezana, Thomas J. Power, Robert T. Schultz

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 1/2017

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Abstract

Scientists and clinicians regularly use clinical screening tools for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) to assess comorbidity without empirical evidence that these measures are valid in youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We examined the prevalence of youth meeting ADHD criteria on the ADHD rating scale fourth edition (ADHD-RS-IV), the relationship of ADHD-RS-IV ratings with participant characteristics and behaviors, and its underlying factor structure in 386, 7–17 year olds with ASD without intellectual disability. Expected parent prevalence rates, relationships with age and externalizing behaviors were observed, but confirmatory factor analyses revealed unsatisfactory fits for one-, two-, three-factor models. Exploratory analyses revealed several items cross-loading on multiple factors. Implications of screening ADHD in youth with ASD using current diagnostic criteria are discussed.
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1
A total of 9 children had IQ scores below 70, the traditional cut-off for establishing an Intellectual Disability diagnosis. Excluding these children had no significant effect on our results. For example, on all confirmatory factor analyses changes in fit indices was 0.002 or less. For this reason, we elected to include these children in our final sample.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Evaluation of the ADHD Rating Scale in Youth with Autism
Auteurs
Benjamin E. Yerys
Jenelle Nissley-Tsiopinis
Ashley de Marchena
Marley W. Watkins
Ligia Antezana
Thomas J. Power
Robert T. Schultz
Publicatiedatum
13-10-2016
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 1/2017
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-016-2933-z

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