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08-04-2016 | Original Article - Design Study Article | Uitgave 5/2016 Open Access

Netherlands Heart Journal 5/2016

Evaluation of extracorporeal shock wave therapy for refractory angina pectoris with quantitative analysis using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging: a short communication

Netherlands Heart Journal > Uitgave 5/2016
J. Slikkerveer, K. de Boer, L. F. H. J. Robbers, A. C. van Rossum, O. Kamp



There is a continuing search for new treatment options in patients who suffer from refractory angina pectoris to improve quality of life. Several studies have recently demonstrated promising results by stimulating angiogenesis using extracorporeal shockwave therapy in these patients. The purpose of this study is to quantitatively analyse the effect of extracorporeal shockwave therapy on myocardial perfusion in patients with refractory angina pectoris.


We included 15 patients with NYHA class 3–4 of whom 8 patients underwent baseline and follow-up cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR). All patients received 9 shockwave treatments of their ischaemic zone over a period of 3 months.


Quantitative analysis of myocardial perfusion using CMR revealed no significant improvement of myocardial perfusion after treatment (0.80 ± 0.22 vs 0.76 ± 0.31; p = 0.42). However, the total group of 15 patients did experience a significant improvement in NYHA class (p = 0.034) and reduction of nitroglycerin use (p = 0.012).


Although treatment with extracorporeal shockwave was associated with an improvement in NYHA class, we could not observe an improvement in myocardial ischaemic zone and perfusion with CMR. To unravel the exact mechanisms of shockwave treatment, more in vitro and animal studies as well as larger (placebo-controlled) studies are required.

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Netherlands Heart Journal

Het Netherlands Heart Journal wordt uitgegeven in samenwerking met de Nederlandse Vereniging voor Cardiologie en de Nederlandse Hartstichting. Het tijdschrift is Engelstalig en wordt gratis beschikbaa ...

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