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25-02-2016 | Original Article | Uitgave 5/2016 Open Access

Netherlands Heart Journal 5/2016

Impact of the papillary muscles on cardiac magnetic resonance image analysis of important left ventricular parameters in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Tijdschrift:
Netherlands Heart Journal > Uitgave 5/2016
Auteurs:
D.H.F. Gommans, J. Bakker, G.E. Cramer, F.W.A. Verheugt, M.A. Brouwer, M.J.M. Kofflard

Abstract

Purpose

The use of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) analysis has increased in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Quantification of left ventricular (LV) measures will be affected by the inclusion or exclusion of the papillary muscles as part of the LV mass, but the magnitude of effect and potential consequences are unknown.

Methods

We performed Cine-CMR in (1) clinical HCM patients (n = 55) and (2) subclinical HCM mutation carriers without hypertrophy (n = 14). Absolute and relative differences in LV ejection fraction (EF) and mass were assessed between algorithms with and without inclusion of the papillary muscles.

Results

Papillary muscle mass in group 1 was 6.6 ± 2.5 g/m2 and inclusion of the papillary muscles resulted in significant relative increases in LVEF of 4.5 ± 1.8 % and in LV mass of 8.7 ± 2.6 %. For group 2 these figures were 4.0 ± 0.9 g/m2, 3.8 ± 1.0 % and 9.5 ± 1.8 %, respectively. With a coefficient of variation of 4 %, this 9 % difference in LV mass during CMR follow-up will be considered a change, while in fact the exact same mass may have been assessed according to two different algorithms.

Conclusions

In clinical HCM patients, CMR quantification of important LV measures is significantly affected by inclusion or exclusion of the papillary muscles. In relative terms, the difference was similar in subjects without hypertrophy. This underscores a general need for a uniform approach in CMR image analysis.

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Netherlands Heart Journal

Het Netherlands Heart Journal wordt uitgegeven in samenwerking met de Nederlandse Vereniging voor Cardiologie en de Nederlandse Hartstichting. Het tijdschrift is Engelstalig en wordt gratis beschikbaa ...

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