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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence 4/2011

01-04-2011 | Empirical Research

Electronic and School-Based Victimization: Unique Contexts for Adjustment Difficulties During Adolescence

Auteurs: Bridget K. Fredstrom, Ryan E. Adams, Rich Gilman

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 4/2011

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Abstract

Previous research suggests that school-based and electronic victimization have similar negative consequences, yet it is unclear whether these two contexts offer overlapping or unique associations with adolescents’ adjustment. 802 ninth-graders (43% male, mean age = 15.84 years), majority being Caucasian (82%), completed measures assessing the prevalence of school and electronic victimization, as well as self-reports on self-esteem, self-efficacy, anxiety, depressive symptoms, and locus of control. Results revealed that the majority of adolescents did not report being victimized in either the electronic (75.3%) or the school (72.9%) context. Victimization in both contexts was associated with lower self-esteem and self-efficacy as well as higher stress, anxiety, depressive symptoms, and locus of control. Importantly, even after controlling for school-based victimization, electronic victimization remained as a significant predictor for all outcome measures. Different types of electronic victimization were also associated with different psychological outcomes. The findings suggest that it is important to distinguish between victimization contexts and specific adjustment outcomes as school and health officials continue to battle the effects of peer victimization.

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Metagegevens
Titel
Electronic and School-Based Victimization: Unique Contexts for Adjustment Difficulties During Adolescence
Auteurs
Bridget K. Fredstrom
Ryan E. Adams
Rich Gilman
Publicatiedatum
01-04-2011
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 4/2011
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-010-9569-7