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Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness 4/2021

02-01-2021 | ORIGINAL PAPER

Effects of a Brief Mindfulness-Based Attentional Intervention on Threat-Related Perceptual Decision-Making

Auteurs: Sungjin Im, Maya A. Marder, Gabriella Imbriano, Tamara J. Sussman, Aprajita Mohanty

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 4/2021

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Abstract

Objectives

Threat-related cues and contexts facilitate perceptual decision-making, yet it is unclear whether this threat-driven tuning of perceptual decision-making is modifiable by top-down attentional control. Since state and dispositional mindfulness are linked to improved attentional control, we examined whether these factors assist the use of prior knowledge to detect threatening stimuli.

Methods

Participants were randomly assigned to a brief mindfulness-based intervention (N = 32) or a physics lecture audio recording (N = 31) and then asked to perform a task in which they used threatening and neutral cues to discriminate between threatening and neutral faces.

Results

Results showed that threatening cues led to faster and more sensitive perceptual decision-making, specifically for threatening faces. Furthermore, higher levels of dispositional mindfulness were associated with improved ability to use cues to discriminate between threatening and neutral stimuli in the group that underwent a brief mindfulness induction but not in the control group.

Conclusions

Our findings highlight how top-down attention-related dispositions and strategies can influence our ability to detect threats in our environment.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Effects of a Brief Mindfulness-Based Attentional Intervention on Threat-Related Perceptual Decision-Making
Auteurs
Sungjin Im
Maya A. Marder
Gabriella Imbriano
Tamara J. Sussman
Aprajita Mohanty
Publicatiedatum
02-01-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 4/2021
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-020-01562-9