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11-04-2017 | Uitgave 8/2017

Quality of Life Research 8/2017

Effect of a comprehensive health education program on pre-hospital delay intentions in high-risk stroke population and caregivers

Tijdschrift:
Quality of Life Research > Uitgave 8/2017
Auteurs:
Li Yang, Qiuli Zhao, Xuemei Zhu, Xiaoying Shen, Yulan Zhu, Liu Yang, Wei Gao, Minghui Li
Belangrijke opmerkingen
Li Yang and Xuemei Zhu have contributed equally to this article.

Abstract

Objective

Many factors influence pre-hospital delays in the event of stroke. This study aimed to develop and evaluate a comprehensive educational program for decreasing pre-hospital delays in high-risk stroke population.

Methods

We enrolled 220 high-risk stroke population and caregivers from six urban communities in Harbin from May 2013 to May 2015, and randomly divided them into intervention and control groups. We implemented a comprehensive educational program (intervention group), comprising public lectures, instructional brochures, case videos, simulations, and role-playing from May 2013 to May 2015. We delivered conventional oral education in the control group. We compared stroke pre-hospital delay behavioral intention (SPDBI), pre-hospital stroke symptom coping test (PSSCT), and stroke pre-symptoms alert test (SPSAT) results between the groups before and 6, 12, and 18 months after health intervention.

Results

There were significant differences between before and after intervention (P < 0.01). SPDBI, PSSCT, and SPSAT scores were significantly different between the groups (P < 0.01). The interaction between time and intervention method was significant (P < 0.01). According to multivariate repeated measures analysis of variance, SPDBI, PSSCT, and SPSAT scores were significantly different at each time after intervention (P < 0.05).

Conclusion

The comprehensive educational program was significantly effective in decreasing SPDBI, improving knowledge, enhancing stroke pre-symptoms alert, and reducing the possibility of pre-hospital delays.

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