Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy 1/2022

04-05-2021

Dysfunctional Attitudes as a Mediator in the Association Between Problematic Internet Use and Depression, Anxiety, and Stress

Auteurs: Hatice Odacı, Özkan Çıkrıkçı

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy | Uitgave 1/2022

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

The aim of this study was to describe the mediating role of dysfunctional attitudes in the association between problematic internet use and general distress. The study was performed based on the correlational design. It included 543 university students (69.6% female, n = 378; 28.4% male, n = 154, 2% gender not stated, n = 11). The ages of university students participating in this cross-sectional study varied from 17 to 28 years and mean age was 18.49 years (SD = 1.06). Data were collected with the Problematic Internet Use Scale, Dysfunctional Attitudes Scale, Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-42) and a personal information form. Research findings showed significant correlations between variables. According to mediation analysis results, dysfunctional attitudes were determined to have a partial mediating role in the association between problematic internet use and depression and anxiety. Additionally, dysfunctional attitudes were found to have a fully mediating role in the association between problematic internet use and stress. When generally assessed, the indirect effects of problematic internet use on general distress were found to be significant. The research findings are considered to be beneficial for experts in both clinical and education environments. The findings were discussed in line with the literature.
Literatuur
go back to reference Akbaba Turkoglu, S., Essizoglu, A., Kosger, F., & Aksaray, G. (2015). Relationship between dysfunctional attitudes and childhood traumas in women with depression. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 61(8), 796–801 CrossRefPubMed Akbaba Turkoglu, S., Essizoglu, A., Kosger, F., & Aksaray, G. (2015). Relationship between dysfunctional attitudes and childhood traumas in women with depression. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 61(8), 796–801 CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Akın, A., & Çetin, B. (2007). The Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS): The study of validity and reliability. Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice, 7, 260–268 Akın, A., & Çetin, B. (2007). The Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS): The study of validity and reliability. Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice, 7, 260–268
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. (5th ed.). American Psychiatric Publishing. CrossRef American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. (5th ed.). American Psychiatric Publishing. CrossRef
go back to reference Barnett, P. A., & Gotlib, I. H. (1988). Dysfunctional attitudes and psychosocial stress: The differential prediction of subsequent depression and general psychological distress. Motivation and Emotion, 12(3), 251–270 CrossRef Barnett, P. A., & Gotlib, I. H. (1988). Dysfunctional attitudes and psychosocial stress: The differential prediction of subsequent depression and general psychological distress. Motivation and Emotion, 12(3), 251–270 CrossRef
go back to reference Baron, R. M., & Kenny, D. A. (1986). The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51, 1173–1182 CrossRefPubMed Baron, R. M., & Kenny, D. A. (1986). The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51, 1173–1182 CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Beck, A. T. (1964). Thinking and depression: II. Theory and therapy. Archives of General Psychiatry, 9, 324–333 CrossRef Beck, A. T. (1964). Thinking and depression: II. Theory and therapy. Archives of General Psychiatry, 9, 324–333 CrossRef
go back to reference Beck, A. T. (1967). Depression: Causes and treatment. University of Pennsylvania Press. Beck, A. T. (1967). Depression: Causes and treatment. University of Pennsylvania Press.
go back to reference Beck, A. T. (1993). Cognitive therapy: Past, present and future. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 61, 194–198 CrossRefPubMed Beck, A. T. (1993). Cognitive therapy: Past, present and future. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 61, 194–198 CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Beck, A. T. (1996). Beyond belief: A theory of modes, personality, and psychopathology. In P. M. Salkovskis (Ed.), Frontiers of cognitive therapy (p. 1–25). The Guilford Press. Beck, A. T. (1996). Beyond belief: A theory of modes, personality, and psychopathology. In P. M. Salkovskis (Ed.), Frontiers of cognitive therapy (p. 1–25). The Guilford Press.
go back to reference Beck, A. T. (2005). The current state of cognitive therapy. Archive of General Psychiatry, 62, 953–959 CrossRef Beck, A. T. (2005). The current state of cognitive therapy. Archive of General Psychiatry, 62, 953–959 CrossRef
go back to reference Beck, A. T., Epstein, N., & Harrison, R. (1983). Cognitions, attitudes and personality dimensions in depression. British Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy, 1(1), 1–16 Beck, A. T., Epstein, N., & Harrison, R. (1983). Cognitions, attitudes and personality dimensions in depression. British Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy, 1(1), 1–16
go back to reference Beck, A. T., Rush, A. J., Shaw, B. F., & Emery, G. (1979). Cognitive therapy of depression. The Guilford Press. Beck, A. T., Rush, A. J., Shaw, B. F., & Emery, G. (1979). Cognitive therapy of depression. The Guilford Press.
go back to reference Beck, J. S. (1995). Cognitive therapy: Basics and beyond. Guilford Press. Beck, J. S. (1995). Cognitive therapy: Basics and beyond. Guilford Press.
go back to reference Caplan, S. E. (2002). Problematic internet use and psychosocial well being: Development of a theory-based cognitive behavioural measurement instrument. Computers in Human Behaviour, 18, 553–575 CrossRef Caplan, S. E. (2002). Problematic internet use and psychosocial well being: Development of a theory-based cognitive behavioural measurement instrument. Computers in Human Behaviour, 18, 553–575 CrossRef
go back to reference Ceyhan, E., Ceyhan, A. A., & Gürcan, A. (2007). The validity and reliability of the problematic internet usage scale. Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice, 7, 387–416 Ceyhan, E., Ceyhan, A. A., & Gürcan, A. (2007). The validity and reliability of the problematic internet usage scale. Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice, 7, 387–416
go back to reference Clark, D. A., & Beck, A. T. (1999). Scientific foundations of cognitive theory and therapy of depression. Wiley. Clark, D. A., & Beck, A. T. (1999). Scientific foundations of cognitive theory and therapy of depression. Wiley.
go back to reference Cohen, L., Manion, L., & Morrison, K. (2007). Research methods in education. (6th ed.). Routledge Falmer. CrossRef Cohen, L., Manion, L., & Morrison, K. (2007). Research methods in education. (6th ed.). Routledge Falmer. CrossRef
go back to reference Durak, M., & Şenol-Durak, E. (2013). Associations of social anxiety and depression with cognitions related to problematic Internet use in youths. Education and Science, 38(169), 19–29 Durak, M., & Şenol-Durak, E. (2013). Associations of social anxiety and depression with cognitions related to problematic Internet use in youths. Education and Science, 38(169), 19–29
go back to reference Durkee, T., Carli, V., Floderus, B., Wasserman, C., Sarchiapone, M., Apter, A., Balazs, J. A., Bobes, J., Brunner, R., Corcoran, P., Cosman, D., Haring, C., Hoven, C. W., Kaess, M., Kahn, J.-P., Nemes, B., Postuvan, V., Saiz, P. A., Värnik, P., & Wasserman, D. (2016). Pathological internet use and risk-behaviors among European adolescents. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. https://​doi.​org/​10.​3390/​ijerph13030294 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Durkee, T., Carli, V., Floderus, B., Wasserman, C., Sarchiapone, M., Apter, A., Balazs, J. A., Bobes, J., Brunner, R., Corcoran, P., Cosman, D., Haring, C., Hoven, C. W., Kaess, M., Kahn, J.-P., Nemes, B., Postuvan, V., Saiz, P. A., Värnik, P., & Wasserman, D. (2016). Pathological internet use and risk-behaviors among European adolescents. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. https://​doi.​org/​10.​3390/​ijerph13030294 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Field, A. (2013). Discovering statistics using IBM SPSS. (4th ed.). Sage Publications. Field, A. (2013). Discovering statistics using IBM SPSS. (4th ed.). Sage Publications.
go back to reference Giddan, N. S., & Whitner, P. A. (1989). Implications of cognitive psychology for the coping behavior of youth. Journal of Human Behavior & Learning, 6(2), 36–45 Giddan, N. S., & Whitner, P. A. (1989). Implications of cognitive psychology for the coping behavior of youth. Journal of Human Behavior & Learning, 6(2), 36–45
go back to reference Ha, J. H., Yoo, H. J., Cho, I. H., Chin, B., Shin, D., & Kim, J. H. (2006). Psychiatric comorbidity assessed in Korean children and adolescents who screen positive for Internet addiction. The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 67, 821–826 CrossRefPubMed Ha, J. H., Yoo, H. J., Cho, I. H., Chin, B., Shin, D., & Kim, J. H. (2006). Psychiatric comorbidity assessed in Korean children and adolescents who screen positive for Internet addiction. The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 67, 821–826 CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Jessor, R. (1987). Problem-behavior theory, psychosocial development, and adolescent problem drinking. British Journal of Addiction, 82, 331–342 CrossRefPubMed Jessor, R. (1987). Problem-behavior theory, psychosocial development, and adolescent problem drinking. British Journal of Addiction, 82, 331–342 CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Jessor, R. (2014). Problem behavior theory: A half-century of research on adolescent behavior and development. In R. M. Lerner, A. C. Petersen, R. K. Silbereisen, & J. Brooks-Gunn (Eds.), The developmental science of adolescence: History through autobiography. (pp. 239–256). Psychology Press. Jessor, R. (2014). Problem behavior theory: A half-century of research on adolescent behavior and development. In R. M. Lerner, A. C. Petersen, R. K. Silbereisen, & J. Brooks-Gunn (Eds.), The developmental science of adolescence: History through autobiography. (pp. 239–256). Psychology Press.
go back to reference Jessor, R., Donovan, J. E., & Costa, F. M. (1991). Beyond adolescence: Problem behavior and young adult development. Cambridge University Press. Jessor, R., Donovan, J. E., & Costa, F. M. (1991). Beyond adolescence: Problem behavior and young adult development. Cambridge University Press.
go back to reference Kuiper, N. A., Olinger, L. J., & Martin, R. A. (1988). Dysfunctional attitudes, stress, and negative emotions. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 12(6), 533–547 CrossRef Kuiper, N. A., Olinger, L. J., & Martin, R. A. (1988). Dysfunctional attitudes, stress, and negative emotions. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 12(6), 533–547 CrossRef
go back to reference Laconi, S., Urbán, R., Kaliszewska-Czeremska, K., Kuss, D. J., Gnisci, A., Sergi, I., Barke, A., Jeromin, F., Groth, J., Gamez-Guadix, M., Keser Ozcan, N., Siomos, K., Floros, G. D., Griffiths, M. D., Demetrovics, Z., & Király, O. (2019). Psychometric evaluation of the nine-item problematic Internet use questionnaire (PIUQ-9) in nine European samples of internet users. Frontiers in Psychiatry. https://​doi.​org/​10.​3389/​fpsyt.​2019.​00136 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Laconi, S., Urbán, R., Kaliszewska-Czeremska, K., Kuss, D. J., Gnisci, A., Sergi, I., Barke, A., Jeromin, F., Groth, J., Gamez-Guadix, M., Keser Ozcan, N., Siomos, K., Floros, G. D., Griffiths, M. D., Demetrovics, Z., & Király, O. (2019). Psychometric evaluation of the nine-item problematic Internet use questionnaire (PIUQ-9) in nine European samples of internet users. Frontiers in Psychiatry. https://​doi.​org/​10.​3389/​fpsyt.​2019.​00136 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Lewicki, P., & Hill, T. (1987). Unconscious processes as explanations of behavior in cognitive, personality, and social psychology. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 13(3), 355–362 CrossRef Lewicki, P., & Hill, T. (1987). Unconscious processes as explanations of behavior in cognitive, personality, and social psychology. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 13(3), 355–362 CrossRef
go back to reference Lopez-Fernandez, O., Griffiths, M. D., Kuss, D. J., Dawes, C., Pontes, H. M., Justice, L., Rumpf, H.-J., Bischof, A., Gässler, A.-K., Suryani, E., Männikkö, N., Kääriänen, M., Romo, L., Morvan, Y., Kern, L., Graziani, P., Rousseau, A., Hormes, J. M., Schimmenti, A., … Billieux, J. (2019). Cross-cultural validation of the compulsive ınternet use scale in four forms and eight languages. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 22(7), 451–464. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1089/​cyber.​2018.​0731 CrossRef Lopez-Fernandez, O., Griffiths, M. D., Kuss, D. J., Dawes, C., Pontes, H. M., Justice, L., Rumpf, H.-J., Bischof, A., Gässler, A.-K., Suryani, E., Männikkö, N., Kääriänen, M., Romo, L., Morvan, Y., Kern, L., Graziani, P., Rousseau, A., Hormes, J. M., Schimmenti, A., … Billieux, J. (2019). Cross-cultural validation of the compulsive ınternet use scale in four forms and eight languages. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 22(7), 451–464. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1089/​cyber.​2018.​0731 CrossRef
go back to reference Lovibond, P. F., & Lovibond, S. H. (1995). The structure of negative emotional states: Comparison of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS) with the Beck Depression and Anxiety Inventories. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 33, 335–343 CrossRefPubMed Lovibond, P. F., & Lovibond, S. H. (1995). The structure of negative emotional states: Comparison of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS) with the Beck Depression and Anxiety Inventories. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 33, 335–343 CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference McMillan, J. H., & Schumacher, S. (2006). Research in education: Evidence-based inquiry. (6th ed.). Pearson. McMillan, J. H., & Schumacher, S. (2006). Research in education: Evidence-based inquiry. (6th ed.). Pearson.
go back to reference Nelson, R. E. (1977). Irrational beliefs in depression. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 45(6), 1190–1191 CrossRefPubMed Nelson, R. E. (1977). Irrational beliefs in depression. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 45(6), 1190–1191 CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Odacı, H., & Cikrikci, Ö. (2019). Cognitive flexibility mediates the relationship between Big Five personality traits and life satisfaction. Applied Research in Quality of Life, 14(5), 1229–1246 CrossRef Odacı, H., & Cikrikci, Ö. (2019). Cognitive flexibility mediates the relationship between Big Five personality traits and life satisfaction. Applied Research in Quality of Life, 14(5), 1229–1246 CrossRef
go back to reference Ostovar, S., Allahyar, N., Aminpoor, H., Moafian, F., Nor, M. B. M., & Griffiths, M. D. (2016). Internet addiction and its psychosocial risks (depression, anxiety, stress and loneliness) among Iranian adolescents and young adults: A structural equation model in a cross-sectional study. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 14(3), 257–267. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s11469-015-9628-0 CrossRef Ostovar, S., Allahyar, N., Aminpoor, H., Moafian, F., Nor, M. B. M., & Griffiths, M. D. (2016). Internet addiction and its psychosocial risks (depression, anxiety, stress and loneliness) among Iranian adolescents and young adults: A structural equation model in a cross-sectional study. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 14(3), 257–267. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s11469-015-9628-0 CrossRef
go back to reference Piaget, J. (1964). Part I: Cognitive development in children: Piaget development and learning. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2(3), 176–186 CrossRef Piaget, J. (1964). Part I: Cognitive development in children: Piaget development and learning. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2(3), 176–186 CrossRef
go back to reference Preacher, K. J., & Hayes, A. F. (2004). SPSS and SAS procedures for estimating indirect effects in simple mediation models. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, and Computers, 36, 717–731 CrossRefPubMed Preacher, K. J., & Hayes, A. F. (2004). SPSS and SAS procedures for estimating indirect effects in simple mediation models. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, and Computers, 36, 717–731 CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Preacher, K. J., & Hayes, A. F. (2008). Asymptotic and resampling strategies for assessing and comparing indirect effects in multiple mediator models. Behavior Research Methods, 40, 879–891 CrossRefPubMed Preacher, K. J., & Hayes, A. F. (2008). Asymptotic and resampling strategies for assessing and comparing indirect effects in multiple mediator models. Behavior Research Methods, 40, 879–891 CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Proeve, M., Anton, R., & Kenny, M. (2018). Effects of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy on shame, self-compassion and psychological distress in anxious and depressed patients: A pilot study. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 91(4), 434–449 CrossRef Proeve, M., Anton, R., & Kenny, M. (2018). Effects of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy on shame, self-compassion and psychological distress in anxious and depressed patients: A pilot study. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 91(4), 434–449 CrossRef
go back to reference Rabinowitz, A. R., & Arnett, P. A. (2009). A longitudinal analysis of cognitive dysfunction, coping, and depression in multiple sclerosis. Neuropsychology, 23(5), 581–591 CrossRefPubMed Rabinowitz, A. R., & Arnett, P. A. (2009). A longitudinal analysis of cognitive dysfunction, coping, and depression in multiple sclerosis. Neuropsychology, 23(5), 581–591 CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Reinecke, M. A., Dattilio, F. M., & Freeman, A. E. (2003). Cognitive therapy with children and adolescents: A casebook for clinical practice. Guilford Press. Reinecke, M. A., Dattilio, F. M., & Freeman, A. E. (2003). Cognitive therapy with children and adolescents: A casebook for clinical practice. Guilford Press.
go back to reference Roskos-Ewoldsen, B. (2006). Converging on a richer understanding of human behavior and experience through a blending of cognitive and clinical psychology. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 62(3), 367–371 CrossRefPubMed Roskos-Ewoldsen, B. (2006). Converging on a richer understanding of human behavior and experience through a blending of cognitive and clinical psychology. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 62(3), 367–371 CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Şahin, N. H., & Şahin, N. (1991). Bir kültürde fonksiyonel olan tutumlar bir başka kültürde de öyle midir? Fonksiyonel Olmayan Tutumlar Ölçeğinin psikometrik özellikleri [Article in Turkish]. Psikoloji Dergisi, 7, 30–40 Şahin, N. H., & Şahin, N. (1991). Bir kültürde fonksiyonel olan tutumlar bir başka kültürde de öyle midir? Fonksiyonel Olmayan Tutumlar Ölçeğinin psikometrik özellikleri [Article in Turkish]. Psikoloji Dergisi, 7, 30–40
go back to reference Tabachnick, B.G., & Fidell, L.S. (2007). Using Multivariate Statistics (5th ed.). New York: Pearson Tabachnick, B.G., & Fidell, L.S. (2007). Using Multivariate Statistics (5th ed.). New York: Pearson
go back to reference Weissman, A., & Beck, A. T. (1978). Development and validation of the Dysfunctional Attitudes Scale: A preliminary analysis. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Weissman, A., & Beck, A. T. (1978). Development and validation of the Dysfunctional Attitudes Scale: A preliminary analysis. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
go back to reference Wong, S. S. (2008). The relations of cognitive triad, dysfunctional attitudes, automatic thoughts, and irrational beliefs with test anxiety. Current Psychology, 27(3), 177–191 CrossRef Wong, S. S. (2008). The relations of cognitive triad, dysfunctional attitudes, automatic thoughts, and irrational beliefs with test anxiety. Current Psychology, 27(3), 177–191 CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Dysfunctional Attitudes as a Mediator in the Association Between Problematic Internet Use and Depression, Anxiety, and Stress
Auteurs
Hatice Odacı
Özkan Çıkrıkçı
Publicatiedatum
04-05-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy / Uitgave 1/2022
Print ISSN: 0894-9085
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6563
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10942-021-00394-3